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Safety and Efficacy Study of Clonidine Hydrochloride Topical Gel, 0.1% in the Treatment of Pain Associated With Diabetic Neuropathy

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
BioDelivery Sciences International Identifier:
First received: February 19, 2014
Last updated: December 4, 2015
Last verified: December 2015
The purpose of the study is to determine whether clonidine gel is an effective treatment for reducing the pain associated with painful diabetic neuropathy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Painful Diabetic Neuropathy Diabetic Neuropathy Neuropathy Drug: Clonidine Gel 0.1% Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by BioDelivery Sciences International:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in average pain score over time. [ Time Frame: Day 84 (±3 days) ]
    Change from Baseline (averaged over Day 14 to Day 8) to End-of-Treatment (averaged over Days 78-84 [±3 days] compared to the averaged 7 day Baseline Phase) in the Numeric Pain Rating Scales score assessing the "average pain in the past 24 hours in the painful areas of the feet".

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean daily average pain intensity Numeric Pain Rating Scale scores over time. [ Time Frame: Day 84 (±3 days) ]
  • Mean daily worst pain intensity Numeric Pain Rating Scale scores [ Time Frame: Day 84 (±3 days) ]

Enrollment: 260
Study Start Date: March 2014
Study Completion Date: March 2015
Primary Completion Date: March 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Clonidine Gel 0.1%
Clonidine hydrochloride topical gel, 0.1%
Drug: Clonidine Gel 0.1%
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo gel of identical appearance as active treatment
Drug: Placebo


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The subject has provided written informed consent.
  • The subject is an outpatient aged 18 to 85 years (inclusive) at the time of the Screening Visit.
  • The subject has Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes mellitus with glycemic control that has been optimized and has been stable on diet therapy, oral anti-hyperglycemic agents and/or insulin, for at least three (3) months prior to the Screening Visit.
  • The subject must be a male or non-pregnant, non-lactating female. Females must be practicing an acceptable method of birth control, or be surgically sterile or postmenopausal (amenorrhea for ≥12 months). Non-pregnancy will be confirmed (as applicable) by a pregnancy test conducted at the Screening and Randomization Visits. Double-barrier methods, hormonal contraceptives, and abstinence are acceptable birth control methods for this study.
  • The subject has chronic pain attributable to a symmetrical stocking distribution neuropathy in the lower extremities for at least three (3) months. A loss of distal sensation and/or tingling paresthesia primarily in the toes and fingers is acceptable, but must be of secondary importance to the distal neuropathic pain. Pain should be clearly localized to the area of neuropathy (feet) and subjects should be able to distinguish this pain (the target pain) from other painful areas and conditions.
  • The subject has an average pain score relevant to the target pain in the feet of ≥4 on an 11-point Numeric Pain Rating Scale over the previous 24 hours at Screening.
  • The subject has a pain score of at least 2, on the 11-point Numeric Pain Rating Scale , within 30 minutes following topical 0.1% capsaicin application with occlusive dressing to the pretibial area.
  • The subject has a mean daily average pain score relevant to the target pain in the feet of ≥4 on an 11-point Numeric Pain Rating Scale during the Baseline Phase.
  • The subject has met the pain evaluation and scoring criteria at the end of the Placebo Lead-in Phase by having a mean daily average pain score relevant to the target pain in the feet of ≥4 on an 11-point Numeric Pain Rating Scale without having a decrease in their pain score greater than 20% compared to the Baseline Phase score in the 11-point Numeric Pain Rating Scale .
  • The subject has been medically stable for at least 30 days prior to the Screening Visit, and in the opinion of the Investigator, is in otherwise good general health based on medical history, physical examination, ECG, and laboratory evaluation.
  • If taking chronic oral pain medications, the subject must be on a stable regimen for at least 14 days prior to the Baseline Visit with the expectation that the medications, dose(s) and schedule will remain stable throughout the study. For medications containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and aspirin, subjects must be on a stable dose for at least 7 days prior to the Baseline Visit. As needed pain medications will be limited to acetaminophen from Day -8 until the end of the treatment period. Low dose aspirin (81 mg/day) is not considered as analgesic therapy.
  • Subject is compliant with daily pain assessments during the Baseline Phase and Placebo Lead in Phase of the study by recording their Numeric Pain Rating Scale score at least 5 days and the last 3 days of the previous 7 days.
  • Subject is alert and has the capabilities of applying topical gel to both feet three times daily. A caregiver, trained by the study staff to apply study drug, would be a suitable alternative to self-application of the treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The subject has neuropathy secondary to non-diabetic causes in the opinion of the Investigator (e.g., significant vasculitis, collagen vascular disorder, familial neuropathy, alcoholism, pernicious anemia, hepatitis, malignancy, syphilis, post-herpetic neuralgia, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy, human immunodeficiency virus [HIV], medication-induced neuropathy, vitamin B12 deficiency).
  • The subject has a significant neurological disorder or a condition that can cause symptoms that mimic peripheral neuropathy or might confound assessment of painful diabetic neuropathy (e.g., stroke with distal neurological deficit, mononeuritis multiplex, lumbar radiculopathy, multiple sclerosis) or has significant asymmetric neuropathic signs and symptoms.
  • The subject has other sustained pain with intensity at or greater than the bilateral neuropathic pain in the feet/toes.
  • The subject is using an implanted medical device (e.g., spinal cord stimulator, intrathecal pump, or peripheral nerve stimulator) for the treatment of pain.
  • The subject has no pin-prick sensitivity to Neuropen testing of non-calloused areas of the foot.
  • The subject is clinically hypotensive with a resting diastolic blood pressure <60 mm Hg or a systolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg.
  • The subject has recent history (within the past 3 months) or current symptoms of orthostatic hypotension with a sudden fall in blood pressure on standing accompanied by dizziness and lightheadedness.
  • The subject has a history of foot or toe amputation, or an active foot or toe ulcer.
  • The subject has any significant or unstable medical or psychiatric condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would interfere with his/her ability to participate in the study.
  • The subject has a history of substance abuse disorder as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) within the past year, has current evidence for substance abuse disorder, is receiving medicinal treatment for drug abuse, or tests positive upon urine drug screen for a non-prescribed substance of abuse.
  • The subject has used capsaicin on the feet for greater than 2 consecutive weeks in the previous 3 months.
  • The subject has symptomatic or severe coronary insufficiency, clinically significant cardiac conduction disturbances, myocardial infarction (within last 12 months), moderate to severe cerebrovascular disease, or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring oxygen therapy.
  • The subject has a serum creatinine value >2.0 mg/dL or a value for alanine transaminase (ALT) or aspartate transaminase (AST) >2.5 times the upper limit of normal at Screening.
  • The subject was dosed with an investigational drug within 30 days prior to the Screening Visit.
  • The subject is likely to be noncompliant or unreliable in providing pain ratings as judged by the Investigator.
  • The subject has evidence of clinically significant peripheral vascular disease as evidenced by history of intermittent claudication or evidence of vascular ulcers, including venous stasis ulcers.
  • The subject has had prior treatment with clonidine topical gel.
  • The subject is currently taking or has taken clonidine in any form (oral, transdermal patch) over the past 4 weeks.
  • The subject has known hypersensitivity or intolerance to clonidine.
  • Except for acetaminophen, the subject is currently receiving any medications that could affect neuropathic pain and is not at a stable dose for at least 14 days prior to the Baseline Visit (other than medications containing NSAIDs and aspirin which must be stable for 7 days prior to the Baseline Visit).
  • The subject is receiving non-oral pain medication(s) (transdermal, topical, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous, intrarectal, sublingual, transmucosal) and/or using "alternative medicine" products or techniques (acupuncture, naturopathy, homeopathy, etc.) for pain treatment ≤7 days prior to the Baseline Visit.
  • Subject has a history of malignancy within the past 5 years with the exception of successfully treated non-metastatic basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin and/or localized carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
  • The subject has been hospitalized within 30 days of the Screening Visit, or is planning to have surgery during the study period.
  • The subject has clinical evidence of pedal edema or venous stasis disease associated with significant skin changes on physical examination.
  • The subject has a clinically relevant painful foot condition, such as tarsal tunnel syndrome, plantar fasciitis, Morton's neuroma, painful bunion, or arthritis of the foot/ankle, or has a condition that may be associated with numbness in the foot.
  • The subject has any dermatologic condition of the lower extremities that could affect study drug absorption (e.g., severe edema).
  • The subject has current symptoms of depression with a Beck Depression Inventory -II score >19 at Screening.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT02068027

  Show 23 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
BioDelivery Sciences International
Principal Investigator: Aziz Shaibani, MD Nerve & Muscle Center of Texas
  More Information

Responsible Party: BioDelivery Sciences International Identifier: NCT02068027     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CLO-290
Study First Received: February 19, 2014
Last Updated: December 4, 2015

Keywords provided by BioDelivery Sciences International:
Diabetes Mellitus
Foot pain

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Diabetic Neuropathies
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine System Diseases
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antihypertensive Agents
Autonomic Agents
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on August 21, 2017