IPL and Meibomian Gland Expression to Treat Ocular Rosacea Ocular GVHD
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02066051|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 19, 2014
Results First Posted : November 25, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 25, 2015
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|GVHD Ocular Rosacea Dry Eye Syndrome||Device: IPL Procedure: Meibomian Gland Expression||Not Applicable|
Ocular rosacea and meibomian gland disease are major contributors to keratoconjunctivitis sicca after chronic GVHD. Rosacea exacerbates the aqueous deficiency caused by damage to lacrimal and accessory lacrimal glands similar to cholestasis damage in the biliary system.
Subjects who had inactive chronic GVHD after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation and severe dry eye symptoms related to ocular rosacea were recruited and treated with 4 monthly sessions of IPL and meibomian gland expression. Their charts were reviewed prior to treatment to confirm quiescence of active systemic disease. Symptom scores were quantified with Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) and Standard Patient Evaluation of Eye Dryness questionnaire (SPEED2). Baseline complete eye exam was performed, and subjects received an eyes assessment score based on the Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GVHD) Assessment and Scoring Form.
Symptoms, exam, and diagnostic data were obtained at baseline (month 0, month 1, month 2, month 3, month 4, month 5, month 6, month 9 and month 12). IPL treatment and meibomian gland expression was performed at baseline (month 0), month 1, month 2, and month 3.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||8 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) and Meibomian Gland Expression to Treat Ocular Rosacea Secondary to Inactive Chronic Ocular Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD)|
|Study Start Date :||October 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||November 2014|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||November 2014|
Experimental: IPL Treatment
Subjects who had inactive chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation and severe dry eye symptoms related to ocular rosacea unresponsive to conventional management were recruited. Subjects were treated with 4 monthly sessions of intense pulsed light (IPL) and meibomian gland expression.
Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) treatment from Quadra Q4 Platinum Series, made by DermaMed Solutions. With the eyes patched closed the IPL was applied to the surface of the skin by the way of a hand-held wand in 30 spots over the skin in the lower lid, cheek area, and nose area starting and ending from in front of each ear.
Procedure: Meibomian Gland Expression
After the IPL was applied, the eyes were numbed for 15 minutes with a numbing drop, and a sterile cotton swab was used to squeeze the eyelids and express clogged oil secretions from the miebomian glands.
- Number of Participants Who Responded to Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Participants received treatment over 4 months and were monitored for safety and response for an additional 8 months. The symptoms were scored with the Standard Patient Evaluation of Eye Dryness (SPEED2) questionnaire. The SPEED questionnaire presents the four most commonly experienced dry eye symptom groups and asks patients to tick a box for all symptoms that apply to them. The frequency section ratings run from 0 (never) to 3 (constant), and the severity section ratings run from 0 (no problems) to 4 (intolerable), for a total score ranging from 0 (no problem) to 28 (severe problems). Over a 30% improvement in the SPEED2 score equated a response. None of the subjects were expected to get a complete response due to the nature of the damage to their ocular surface from GVHD.
- Number of Participants Who Experienced Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Participants were screened for any sign of adverse events at each visit by the principal investigator or one of her colleagues.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02066051
|United States, Arizona|
|Mayo Clinic Arizona|
|Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259|
|Principal Investigator:||Joanne Shen, MD||Mayo Clinic|