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Surveillance and Treatment of Prisoners With Hepatitis C (SToP-C)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02064049
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 17, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kirby Institute

Brief Summary:

The purpose of the study is to assess how feasible it is to treat and prevent the transmission of Hepatitis C in the prison setting to achieve substantial reductions in the incidence and prevalence of Hepatitis C.

It is hypothesised that a rapid scale-up of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) treatment with interferon-free Direct Acting Anti-virals (DAAs) in prison inmates will achieve a >50% reduction in the incidence of HCV infection over a two year period in the prison setting.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatitis C Drug: Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir Phase 4

Detailed Description:

The study will be conducted initially in two maximum security prisons located in New South Wales, Australia and comprises four phases:

Phase 1, Surveillance of HCV Incidence and Prevalence and Liver Disease Burden:

The HCV incidence and prevalence phase is a prospective longitudinal cohort. HCV incidence and prevalence and liver disease burden will be monitored through regular six-monthly cross-sectional surveys of participants for 3.5 years.

Phase 2, Modelling:

The data from year 1 of the surveillance of HCV incidence and prevalence phase will be used to model the number of participants required to be treated to demonstrate a 50% reduction in incidence.

Phase 3, Treatment Intervention:

The treatment intervention will only be conducted in one of the maximum security prisons (Treatment Prison). The second prison will continue to care for HCV infected inmates as per standard of care (Control Prison). The intervention component of this study will consist of a phase IV open-label study of interferon-free DAAs for the treatment of HCV infection. The treatment phase will commence in year 2 and will be two years in duration. The exact drug combination and regimen to be used in the treatment intervention will be determined in year 1 once phase II and III data of sofosbuvir and ledipasvir and other potential interferon-free DAA regimens are published. The exact number of participants required to demonstrate a 50% reduction in incidence will be determined during the modelling phase.

Phase 4, Cost-effectiveness:

During the treatment intervention phase participants will be required to complete a survey to obtain estimates of health outcomes (EQ-5D survey) at regular intervals. This data will be used by the health economist to determine the cost effectiveness of treatment as prevention in the prison setting.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 2500 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Assess the Feasibility of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Treatment as Prevention With Interferon-free Direct Acting Antivirals (DAAs) in the Prison Setting
Study Start Date : October 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Sofosbuvir

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Hepatitis C treatment
All prisoners (in participating correctional centres) with hepatitis c, as identified during the hepatitis C surveillance phase of the study will be offered treatment for hepatitis C. The treatment course is sofosbuvir/velpatasvir 400/100mg for 12 weeks (1 tablet once daily).
Drug: Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
The treatment phase will commence in year 2. This is 12 weeks of the pangenotypic sofosbuvir/velpatasvir 400/100mg, coformulated into one tablet daily.
Other Name: Epslusa




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Incidence of HCV infection over a two year period in a network of four participating correctional centres.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hepatitis C virus prevalence [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Change in prevalence of HCV infection over a two year period in a network of four participating correctional centres.

  2. SVR12 [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    The proportion of patients with undetectable HCV RNA at 12 weeks following the end of treatment (SVR12)

  3. ETR [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The proportion of patients with an end of treatment response (ETR)

  4. Rapid Virological Response (RVR) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    The proportion of patients with undetectable HCV RNA at 4 weeks following the initiation of treatment (RVR)

  5. Treatment adherence [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The proportion adherent to therapy (both on-treatment adherence and treatment discontinuation) and the association between adherence and response to treatment

  6. Number of patients with adverse events [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Safety and tolerability of the treatment regimen

  7. Treatment uptake [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The rate of HCV treatment uptake among eligible inmates and reasons for non-uptake

  8. On-treatment change in illicit drug use [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Changes in illicit drug use behaviours during treatment

  9. HCV reinfection rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The rate of HCV reinfection following treatment



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Surveillance of HCV Incidence and Prevalence Inclusion criteria

  1. 18 years of age or older
  2. Voluntarily signed the (surveillance phase) informed consent form.
  3. Adequate English and mental health status to provide written informed consent and comply with study procedures

Exclusion criteria

1) Prisoners of a security classification which makes clinic attendance for study visits logistically difficult 5.2 Treatment Intervention Inclusion criteria

  1. 18 years of age or older.
  2. Voluntarily signed the (treatment phase) informed consent form.
  3. Detectable HCV RNA in plasma.
  4. HCV genotypes 1-6
  5. Anticipated incarceration duration >12 weeks following the planned commencement of therapy.
  6. Compensated liver disease where the following criteria must be met:

    1. INR< 1.8
    2. Albumin >30 g/L
    3. Bilirubin <35umol/L
  7. Prisoners with Fibroscan > 12KPa or AFP >50 ng/mL must have an abdominal ultrasound or CT scan without evidence of hepatocellular carcinoma within 2 months prior to screening.
  8. Negative pregnancy test at baseline (females of childbearing potential only).
  9. [For prisoners released during treatment or follow-up] If engaging in sexual intercourse which may potentially result in pregnancy, all fertile males must be using effective contraception during treatment and during the 90 days after treatment end, and all fertile females must be using effective contraception during treatment and during the 30 days after treatment end
  10. If co-infection with HIV is documented, the subject must meet the following criteria:

    1. Antiretroviral (ARV) untreated for >8 weeks preceding screening visit with CD4 T cell count >500 cells/mm3 OR
    2. On a stable ARV regimen for >8 weeks prior to screening visit, with CD4 T cell count >200 cells/mm3 and an undetectable plasma HIV RNA level.

      • Suitable ARV include:

        • Nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), tenofovir alafenamide (TAF), emtricitabine (FTC)Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors: Rilpivirine
        • Protease inhibitors: Atazanavir, darunavir, lopinavir, ritonavir
        • Integrase inhibitors: Dolutegravir, raltegravir, elvitegravir/cobicistat
      • Contraindicated ARV include:

        • Efavirenz (50% reduction in velpatasvir exposure)
        • Didanosine
        • Zidovudine
        • Tipranavir Other ARV agents may be permissible at the time of study commencement pending further drug-drug interaction studies; please discuss with the Medical Monitor.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Therapy with any systemic anti-viral, anti-neoplastic or immunomodulatory treatment (including supraphysiologic doses of steroids and radiation) <6 months prior to the first dose of study drug.
  2. Any investigational drug <6 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug.
  3. History or other evidence of clinical hepatic decompensation (i.e. ascites, encephalopathy or oesophageal variceal haemorrhage)
  4. Solid organ transplant
  5. Clinically significant illness (other than HCV) or any other major medical disorder that may interfere with the prisoner treatment, assessment or compliance with the protocol; prisoners currently under evaluation for a potentially clinically significant illness (other than HCV) are also excluded.
  6. History of any of the following:

    1. Malignancy within 5 years prior to screening, with exception of specific cancers that may have been cured by surgical resection (basal cell skin cancer, etc.). Subjects under evaluation for possible malignancy are also excluded.
    2. Significant drug allergy (such as anaphylaxis or hepatotoxicity).
  7. Any of the following lab parameters at screening:

    1. ALT > 10 x ULN
    2. AST > 10 x ULN
    3. Direct bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN
    4. Platelets < 50,000/uL
    5. Creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min
    6. Haemoglobin < 11 g/dL for females ; < 12 g/dL for males
    7. Albumin < 30g/L
    8. INR > 1.5 ULN unless subject has known haemophilia or is stable on an anticoagulant regimen affecting INR
  8. Chronic use of systemically administered immunosuppressive agents (e.g. prednisone equivalent > 10 mg/day)
  9. Known hypersensitivity to VEL, SOF or formulation excipients.
  10. Use of prohibited concomitant medications as described in section 6.2
  11. Pregnant or nursing female
  12. Ongoing severe psychiatric disease as judged by the treating physician.
  13. Frequent injecting drug use that is judged by the treating physician to compromise treatment safety.
  14. Inability or unwillingness to provide informed consent or abide by the requirements of the study.
  15. Any other criteria that is judged by the treating physician to potentially compromise treatment safety.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02064049


Contacts
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Contact: Marianne Byrne, BSc,MPM +61 2 9385 9984 mbyrne@kirby.unsw.edu.au
Contact: Pip Marks, BSc,MPH +61 2 9385 0886 pmarks@kirby.unsw.edu.au

Locations
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Australia, New South Wales
Goulburn Correctional Centre Recruiting
Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia, 2580
Contact: Ronella Williams, RN    02 48272292    Ronella.Williams@justicehealth.nsw.gov.au   
Contact: Kelly Somes, RN    02 48272292    kelly.somes@justicehealth.nsw.gov.au   
Principal Investigator: Andrew Lloyd, MBBS,FRACP         
Lithgow Correctional Centre Recruiting
Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia, 2790
Contact: Angela Smith, RN    02 6350 2209    Angela.smith@justicehealth.nsw.gov.au   
Contact: Katherine McQuillan, RN    02 6350 2209    Katherine.McQuillan@justicehealth.nsw.gov.au   
Principal Investigator: Andrew Lloyd, MBBS FRACP         
Dillwynia Correctional Centre Recruiting
Windsor, New South Wales, Australia, 2756
Contact: Camilla Lobo, RN    024582 2550    camilla.lobo@justiceheatlh.nsw.gov.au   
Contact: Kelly Somes, RN    024582 2550    camilla.lobo@justiceheatlh.nsw.gov.au   
Principal Investigator: Andrew Lloyd, MBBS, FRACP         
Outer Metropolitan Multipurpose Correctional Centre Recruiting
Windsor, New South Wales, Australia, 2756
Contact: Carina Burns, RN    0245822391    carina.burns@justicehealth.nsw.gov.au   
Contact: Kelly Somes, RN    0245822391    kelly.somes@justicehealth.nsw.gov.au   
Principal Investigator: Andrew Lloyd, MBBS, FRACP         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kirby Institute
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Gregory Dore, MBBS,PhD Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales; St Vincent's Hospital Sydney

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Responsible Party: Kirby Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02064049     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VHCRP1302
First Posted: February 17, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 7, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Kirby Institute:
Hepatitis C virus
People who inject drugs
Drug users
Direct acting antiviral (DAA)
Infectious diseases
Prisoners

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Sofosbuvir
Velpatasvir
Sofosbuvir-velpatasvir drug combination
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents