Strengthening Exercises for Fibromyalgia
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02063750|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 14, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2014
Objective: We evaluated the effectiveness of strengthening exercises using the Swiss ball in patients with fibromyalgia (FM).
Material and Method: Sixty FM patients were randomized into two groups: an intervention group (IG), in which patients performed muscle strength exercises using the Swiss ball, and a stretching group (SG), in which patients performed stretching exercises. All patients participated in 40-minute training sessions three times per week for 12 weeks. The IG performed the following eight strengthening exercises using a Swiss ball: lateral rise, simultaneous biceps curl, squat, two arms triceps extension, abdominal, one arm dumbbell row, reverse crucifix and crucifix. The SG performed exercises targeting the same muscle groups trained in IG. Outcome measures were as follows: visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, 1 repetition maximum test for muscle strength; fibromyalgia impact questionnaire (FIQ) to evaluate disease impact, and short form health survey (SF-36) to assess quality of life. All participants underwent an evaluation at baseline, at 6 weeks and at 12 weeks of training. The assessor was blind to patient allocation.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Fibromyalgia||Other: strengthening exercises using a Swiss ball Other: strengthening exercises||Phase 4|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||60 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Effectiveness of Strengthening Exercises Using the Swiss Ball for Patients With Fibromyalgia: a Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Study Start Date :||January 2011|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 2013|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||October 2013|
Experimental: Strengthening group
This group perform muscle strengthening exercises using a Swiss ball of 65 cm diameter.
Other: strengthening exercises using a Swiss ball
This group performed eight muscle strengthening exercises using a Swiss ball of 65 cm diameter and dumbbells with different loads.
Each training session was 40 minutes long and was performed three times a week for 12 weeks. The exercises were performed in three sets of 12 repetitions, with an interval of one to two minutes of recovery between exercises, which alternated between upper limbs, lower limbs and abdomen. The load used was 60 % of one repetition maximum (1RM).
Active Comparator: Stretching group
Performed stretching exercises
Other: strengthening exercises
The stretching group performed stretching exercises that targeted the same muscles trained in the IG. The participants remained in the stretched position for three sets of 30 s for each exercise. The total session time was 40 minutes.
- Changes in Pain - VAS [ Time Frame: Basline, after 6 and 12 weeks ]
- Changes in quality of life - Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 6 and 12 weeks ]
- Changes in muscle strength using the maximum repetition (1 RM) [ Time Frame: Baseline, after 6 and 12 weeks ]
- Changes in consumption of analgesics [ Time Frame: After 6 and 12 weeks from baseline ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02063750
|Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo|
|Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil, 04023-090|