Prostaglandin F2-alpha Eye Drops in Thyroid Eye Disease (Bima Study) (BIMA)
The purpose of the study is to establish whether Bimatoprost eye drops are effective in reducing proptosis in inactive thyroid eye disease (TED) patients and improving quality of life in patients with TED. Current standard NHS treatment/care for inactive TED is artificial tears (used as the placebo in this study) or surgery if appropriate.
The IMP is Bimatoprost eye drops PGF2α (0.03%). This is already licensed eye drops usually used for glaucoma. Therefore the current trial's indication is outside its licenced indication. The Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP) will be used according to its licenced dosage and form. This is the first time that Bimatoprost will be used in the treatment of TED
Drug: Eye drop solution
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Prostaglandin F2-alpha Eye Drops (Bimatoprost) in Thyroid Eye Disease: a Randomised Controlled Double Blind Crossover Trial|
- The primary endpoint of this study will be comparison of the change in ophthalmometry readings over the two 3 month treatment periods. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Reduction of 2 mm or more is regarded as clinically relevant
- Change in quality of life scores on the TED quality of life questionnaire (GO-QOL) [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Whether there has been an improvement in patients' quality of life
- Intraocular pressures [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Whether there has been a change in intraocular pressures
- Side effects [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
To consider the side effect profiles of Bimatoprost in TED patients during the study.
Expected Adverse Reactions to the trial treatment(s) are detailed below:
Commonly occurring cosmetic effects (approximate incidence)
- Conjunctival redness (0.5%);
- Lengthening of eyelashes - (average elongation 0.7mm);
- Darkening of eye lashes (45-57%);
- Peri-ocular skin pigmentation (3%);
- Darkening of the iris (10.1%).
Rare but potentially serious side effects (limited information available)
- Iris cysts;
- Cystoid macular oedema;
- Anterior uveitis;
- Reactivation of herpes simplex virus infection
- Health economic outcomes [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The primary intention of the economic evaluation is to explore the cost associated with TED treatment. In theory, Bimatoprost intervention would lead to the net cost savings to NHS in comparison to surgical rehabilitation that the patient otherwise will go through. We are aware of limitation in the trial design as this trial primary intention is to evaluate efficacy of Bimatoprost in TED, not to follow up patients until they might need surgery. However it would be useful to collect the resource use and quality of life data during this trial period on a pilot basis which may lead to a larger health economic focus study in the future. It is not envisaged that the crossover design will yield data that could allow a meaningful incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) to be calculated for Bimatoprost against placebo, as the duration of effects on perceived quality of life cannot be predicted in advance
|Study Start Date:||November 2014|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||February 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Placebo Comparator: Eye drop solution
Patients will receive 1 dose daily over 3 month period followed by 2 months washout period. Subsequently patient will cross over to the opposite treatment and continue further treatment for 3 month period.
Drug: Eye drop solution
Artificial tear drops
Active Comparator: Bimatoprost
1 drop daily of Bimatoprost 0.03%. Patients will receive 1 dose daily over 3 month period followed by 2 months washout period. Subsequently patient will cross over to the opposite treatment and continue further treatment for 3 month period.
Other Name: Trade Name Lumigan. MA number: EU/1/02/205/001-002. ATC Code: S01EE03
Thyroid eye disease (TED) is a chronic disfiguring and debilitating disease of the eyes which can lead to sight loss in severe cases. Patients with TED frequently have characteristic eyeball protrusion (proptosis) due to increased fat accumulation behind the eye. The discomfort and changes in appearance of the eyes is a source of severe psychological distress and impaired quality of life in many patients. Current treatments for TED are unsatisfactory and established non-surgical therapies which specifically reduce proptosis are lacking. Reduced eyelid protrusion has recently been reported as a side-effect of the use of prostaglandin analogue eye drops (e.g. Bimatoprost (PGF2-alpha)) in the routine treatment of glaucoma and we have laboratory data showing inhibition of fat cells by Bimatoprost. Hence PGF2-alpha eye drops potentially represent a simple, non-invasive low toxicity topical alternative to surgery in TED. However no clinical trials of Bimatoprost have been conducted in TED to date. The objective of this study is to determine whether Bimatoprost eye drops are effective in reducing proptosis and thus improving quality of life in patients with TED. Trial participants will be recruited from the TED clinic at the University Hospital Wales. The clinic is a regional referral centre for the treatment and study of TED and is run by a multidisciplinary team of ophthalmologists, endocrinologists, and orthoptists with expertise in TED. Following informed consent, participants will be randomised to receive Bimatoprost or placebo eye drops for three months after which they will undergo a two month drug washout period before switching to the opposite treatment in the final three months of study. The primary endpoint is a change in standardised measurements of proptosis while secondary endpoints will include changes in quality of life scores. This study will provide evidence for a novel application of bimatoprost in patients with TED.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02059655
|University Hospital of Wales|
|Cardiff, United Kingdom, CF14 4XW|
|Principal Investigator:||Colin M Dayan, MA FRCP PhD||Cardiff University|