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Image-guided Breast Surgery in the Advanced Multimodality Image Guided Operating Suite (AMIGO)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02057432
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 7, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 24, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mehra Golshan, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:

This research study is a pilot study designed to evaluate magnetic resonance imaging-guided therapy (MRT) as a possible treatment for breast cancer. In this pilot study, the investigators are studying if it is possible to use intra-operative MRI to guide surgery. The therapy takes place in the Advanced Multimodality Image Guided Operating (AMIGO) suite at Brigham and Women's Hospital.

The purpose of this study is to investigate if it is possible to perform the breast conserving surgery with the help of intra-operative magnetic resonance imaging in the advanced multimodality image guided operating suite. It is hoped that intra operative MRI may improve the surgeon's ability to know the exact margins of tumor. Currently, approximately 40% of women need to come back to the operating room and have the margins of the cancer re-excised.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage I Breast Carcinoma Stage II Breast Carcinoma Device: intra-operative MRI Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The treatment being studied consists of standard lumpectomy and sentinel node biopsy if indicated, or standard axillary dissection if clinically indicated. The study includes the additional use of MRI to guide the removal of the cancer. The MRI uses powerful magnets linked to a computer to create detailed pictures of the breast. The purpose of the current study is to find out whether performing the intra-operative MRI is possible, safe and practical. As part of the study the participant will need to have tests to show that they are eligible to participate in the research study.If the participant does not meet the eligibility criteria, they will not be able to participate in this research study.

Surgery Day

  • Wire localization with ultrasound, Mammogram or MRI in the non-palpable tumor is placed in the participant's breast. The presence of the wire in the tumor will then help guide the surgeon to the location of the tumor.
  • The sentinel node biopsy or axillary dissection will be performed if indicated.
  • Then the lumpectomy will be performed.
  • The participant will undergo an intra-operative MRI scan in the AMIGO.

    ---If the MRI images indicate there may be tumor behind, more tissue will be removed from the respective margins. No additional MRIs will be performed.

  • Most of these operations are outpatient. However, the need to stay overnight may occur if the recovery from anesthesia is slow or if the participant underwent an axillary dissection.

Within six weeks after patient surgery. The participant will have the following procedures:

  • History and physical exam
  • Wound check
  • The participant will also be informed of the final pathology, including margin status.The remainder of follow up will be as per standard of care after breast conserving surgery for breast cancer. The participant will be assessed by physical exam for possible complications and local recurrence. These visits will likely overlap with established oncology care team follow-up visits.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Device Feasibility
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Evaluate Image-guided Breast Conserving Surgery in the Advanced Multimodality Image Guided Operating Suite (AMIGO)
Study Start Date : April 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intra-operative MRI
Images will be obtained both before and after intravenous bolus injection with subsequent dynamic imaging. Dynamic contrast enhancement maps will be created for evaluation of residual tumor. Images will be reformatted into three orthogonal planes as well as into a 3D model for surgical orientation. All imaging protocols using contrast, contrast enhancement maps and reformatting, as described above, which will be applied to the intra-operative MRI performed in the AMIGO suite are consistent with the standard MRI breast imaging at Brigham and Women's Hospital.
Device: intra-operative MRI
Patients will undergo an MRI during surgery.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To demonstrate feasibility of using the intra-operative MRI for breast conserving surgery [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]

    For the purpose of this pilot study, feasibility is defined as the ability to successfully complete the breast conserving operation in the

    AMIGO suite. Feasibility must entail the following:

    All necessary instruments for this operation are MRI compatible or are able to be used safely and then stored outside of the magnetic field when the intra-operative MRI is performed. The intra-operative MRI is performed without compromising the sterile operative field.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of the Lumpectomy and Imaging [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    To measure duration of the lumpectomy portion of the procedure, the duration of the imaging portion of the procedure, and time under anesthesia.

  2. Final Pathology Report and Intra-operative MRI Comparison [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    The intra-operative MRI images will be compared to final pathology report which is the gold standard. This objective is for the purpose of collecting preliminary data for planning a future study which will be adequately powered to show the sensitivity and true positives of the intraoperative MRI.

  3. Number of operations needed to obtain clear margins if clear margins were not obtained on initial operation. [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Number of operations needed to obtain clear margins if clear margins were not obtained on initial operation.

  4. Volume of tissue removed on initial operation and on secondary operations if these were necessary. [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Volume of tissue removed on initial operation and on secondary operations if these were necessary.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have a pre-operative standard mammogram with or without ultrasound. These may be performed at outside institutions.
  • Participants must have biopsy confirmed invasive breast carcinoma. If biopsy was done at an outside hospital, pathology will be reviewed at BWH/DFCI.
  • Stage: Clinical Staging must be Stage I or II as outlined by the AJCC 7th edition. Pre-operative diagnosis of positive axillary nodes necessitating axillary dissection at the time of lumpectomy does not disqualify a patient.
  • Pre-operative sentinel node biopsy also does not disqualify the patient.
  • Participants must be candidates for definitive local therapy with breast conserving therapy (this takes into account tumor to breast size ratio appropriate for BCS, and the ability to undergo standard radiation therapy post-operatively).
  • Participants must have measurable disease, defined as one lesion that can be accurately measured by MRI. (More than one lesion will be an exclusion criteria for BCS; lesions not identified by MRI will also be an exclusion criteria).
  • Age ≥ 18 years and < 75.
  • Completion of the magnetic resonance (MR) procedure screening form and clearance by the MR technologist that the patient does not have a pacemaker, brain aneurysm clip, inner ear implant, neurostimulator or metal fragments in the eye.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who exhibit any of the following conditions at screening will not be eligible for admission into the study.
  • Participants with a known BRCA 1 or 2 mutation.
  • Participants with known Li-Fraumeni or Cowden's Disease.
  • Participants with prior mantle radiation.
  • Participants with locally advanced breast cancer such as inflammatory breast cancer or cancer grossly involving skin.
  • Participants who are pregnant.
  • Participants who enroll in a preoperative therapy trial or who have been treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The neoadjuvant chemotherapy can result in complete pathologic response, resulting in no signal on MRI.
  • Participants with known, active collagen vascular disease.
  • Participants who undergo breast surgery at an outside institution.
  • Participants with prior history of breast carcinoma.
  • Patients who have implants or any type of breast reconstruction.
  • Patients who have biopsy confirmed multi-centric disease.
  • Participants who have documented contra-indications for MRI.
  • Participants who have documented allergic reaction to IV MRI contrast agent, or have a contraindication to the administration of IV contrast such as renal failure.
  • Patients with diabetes will be excluded because of a higher risk to incur renal damage from the IV contrast.
  • Participants who exceed the weight limit for the surgical table at AMIGO, 350 lbs or who will not fit into the 70 cm diameter bore of the MRI scanner at AMIGO or the 60 cm diameter bore of the pre-procedure imaging MRI scanner.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02057432

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United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
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Principal Investigator: Mehra Golshan, MD Dana Farber Cance Institute
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Responsible Party: Mehra Golshan, MD, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT02057432    
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-454
First Posted: February 7, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 24, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Mehra Golshan, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
I-II Breast Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases