Incentive Spirometry and Breath Stacking
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
- Postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing cardiac surgery are a major clinical problem, presenting negative impact on morbidity, mortality , length of hospital stay and health care costs. Although physical therapy has been widely used as a resource to improve lung function in the postoperative period, the adoption of routine procedures of physical therapy needs be discussed.
- Incentive spirometers are mechanical devices used to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications. In general, they are activated by an inspiratory effort, visualized by an uplifted plate or ball in a transparent cylinder during sustained inspiration.
- Breath Stacking is a technique allowing the patient inhale a greater volume of air, kept for a longer period of time using a one-way valve, thus promoting the accumulation of successive inspiratory volume and preventing exhalation.
- The objective of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of two different techniques of respiratory therapy on both reducing postoperative pulmonary complications and improving lung function.
- Type of study : randomized clinical trial
- Both techniques Trifllo II Incentive Spirometry ( IS) (Trifllo ® - II ) and Breath Stacking ( BS ) may present similar effectiveness on reducing pulmonary complications, improving lung function and respiratory muscle strength ( MIP and MEP), as well as reducing hospital stay .
- Trifllo II Incentive Spirometry ( IS) (Trifllo ® - II ) may be more effective than Breath Stacking on reducing pulmonary complications, improving lung function and respiratory muscle strength, as well as reducing hospital stay.
|Postoperative Complications||Device: Incentive spirometry (IS) Device: Breath Stacking (BS)||Phase 1|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Comparison Between Incentive Spirometry and Breath Stacking After Cardiac Surgery|
- Pulmonary complications [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
- Acute respiratory infection
- Lung Function [ Time Frame: 18 months ]Lung function will be assessed by spirometry, aimed at measuring the forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (VFE1), and the ratio CVF/VFE1
- Respiratory muscle strength [ Time Frame: 18 months ]Respiratory muscle strength will be assessed by measuring both the maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP). The values obtained for each volunteer on the respective predicted values for the Brazilian population, according to the prediction equations proposed by Neder et al will be compared.
- hospital stay [ Time Frame: 18 months ]Length of hospital stay in days, in the immediate postoperative period ( POI ) with the arrival of the patient in the ICU until discharge or death .
- Mortality from pulmonary cause [ Time Frame: 18 months ]Mortality from pulmonary causes will be derived from primary and secondary causes, and will be considered a medical inference.
|Study Start Date:||February 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Incentive spirometry (IS)
Device: Incentive spirometry (IS)
Mechanical devices activated by an inspiratory effort, which is viewed by the elevation of a plateau or balls in a transparent cylinder having a calibrated scale that displays the inspired flow.
Active Comparator: Breath stacking (BS)
Device: Breath Stacking (BS)
Equipment with a one-way valve that masks and promotes the accumulation of successive inspiratory volumes, preventing expiration
- Type of study : randomized clinical trial
- Study site: The study will be carried out at the Hospital Santa Casa de Londrina.
- Subjects: all patients scheduled for cardiac surgery will be studied ( CABG and / or valve replacement )
- Patients will be evaluated both preoperatively, and on the fifth postoperative day (POD). They will be informed about the procedures to which they will be submitted, as well as the objective of the proposed study preoperatively. If approved by the patient, the "Statement of Informed Consent - SIC" will be signed.
a. Individuals admitted to the Hospital Santa Casa de Londrina (HSCL) with programming for cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, age above 18 years; and referral for surgery by the study teams. Individuals must be aware, informed, and agreed to participate in the study, including signing of SIC.
- Exclusion Criteria a. Individuals with cognitive impairment that prevents the implementation of spirometry (lung function ), manovacuometry (MIP and MEP) and incentive spirometry, below 18 years of age, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease diagnosed by clinical history and spirometry ( FVC < 80 % predicted and / or FEV1 < 70 % predicted ) and individuals with a history of asthma.
b . Patients will be withdrawn from the study and the Intention to Treat Analysis will be performed in the case of: patients who cannot be extubated because of the need for continuing mechanical ventilation after 24 hours of post-operative complications in the postoperative period; hemodynamic instability ; myocardial infarction during operation ; severe blood loss defined by the medical staff; loss of 20 % or more of total blood volume ( 12 ); mean arterial pressure (MAP ) < 70 mmHg,; reduced cardiac output requiring the use of intra-aortic balloon or vasoactive drugs for more than 72 hours, after ICU admission or need for new reintubation. Patients who did not agree to participate by not signing the SIC.
Procedures and interventions a. randomization
a.1 . After being selected by the inclusion criteria and had signed the informed consent preoperatively, patients will be allocated to one of two groups based on Consort ;
a.2 . The allocation will be generated through a standardized random table. The allocation concealment will be ensured using opaque envelopes, sealed, and numbered serially. The envelope containing a card with the treatment will be opened by a secretary responsible for that.
- Formation of groups a. EI Group I - Intervention with flow-oriented incentive spirometry (IS) ( Trifllo ® - II ).
b . BS Group II - Intervention with Breath- Stacking technique (BS).
- Recording and evaluation of the patient: patients included in the study will be recorded and evaluated by a physical therapist involved in the trial (blind) according to the standardized forms.
- Duration of the intervention: Both therapy modalities (Group I and Group II) will be held twice daily during the ICU stay, and once a day during hospitalization in the ward, until the fifth postoperative day. Each session will consist of three sets of five maneuvers.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02054039
|Contact: Eliane Freitas, PhD||55+ 43 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Hospital Santa Casa de Londrina||Recruiting|
|Londrina, Paraná, Brazil, 86020060|
|Contact: Eliane FS Freitas, PhD 55+4399951354 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Eliane FS Freitas, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Eliane Freitas, PhD||Federal University of São Paulo and University of Northern Parana|