Impact of Dopamine Infusion on Insulin Secretion in Healthy Subjects
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Impact of Dopamine Infusion on Insulin Secretion in Healthy Subjects|
- insulin secretion [ Time Frame: 4 hours ]Insulin secretion will be assessed via glucose infusion requirement during a hyperglycemic clamp. Insulin and c-peptide levels will be monitored. Insulin secretion will be attenuated by 30% from baseline in subjects receiving dopamine
- counter-regulatory hormones [ Time Frame: 4 hours ]Counter-regulatory hormone concentrations before, during and after dopamine infusion
|Study Start Date:||December 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
All patients will receive the same intervention.
Each subject will receive a priming dose of dextrose 20% to increase their glucose concentration by 125 mg/dl in the first 15 minutes. Then they will receive variable rates of dextrose 20% infusion to maintain glucose level at 180-220 mg/dl. Then, dopamine (200mg/250ml) will be titrated up to 5 mcg/kg/min with care not to increase blood pressure greater than 160 systolic. Dopamine will be infused for 3 hours.
Rationale Role of dopamine infusion on pancreatic beta cell function in health and disease remain undetermined in humans. Increasingly, hyperglycemia in the critical care arena bodes poorly on health outcomes.
This study for the first time investigates the role of dopamine infusion in health and has the potential to guide larger studies on impact of dopamine use in critical illness.
Study Design This project will be a prospective, single-center trial to determine the effect of dopamine in healthy subjects using the hyperglycemic clamp.
After signing informed consent subjects will undergo screening at the clinical research center after an overnight fast. At this visit, a complete history and physical exam including vital signs, height, weight, BMI, waist circumference will be obtained. Cardiac conditions will be screened using an EKG. Baseline labs will be drawn at this visit, including CBC, chemistry, liver function tests, hemoglobin AIC, thyroid function tests, lipids and cortisol. Females will have a urine beta HCG.
Subjects that meet study criteria will return within 30 days of screening to the clinical research after an overnight fast. One large bore (20 gauge) venous cannula will be inserted in the antecubital fossa for infusion of dopamine and dextrose 20% intravenous solution. Another cannula will be inserted in the contralateral arm for frequent blood sampling.
Insulin sensitivity will be determined using the gold standard hyperglycemic clamp as previously described (DeFronzo, 1979).13 Each subject will act as their own control and receive placebo infusion followed by dopamine infusions.
Subjects will have their blood pressure, heart rate, and glucose monitored every 10 minutes. Each subject will receive a priming dose of dextrose 20% to increase their glucose concentration by 125 mg/dl in the first 15 minutes. Then they will receive variable rates of dextrose 20% infusion to maintain glucose level at 180-220 mg/dl. C-peptide, insulin, glucagon and catecholamine levels will be drawn at 30 min and 60 min to determine baseline levels prior to dopamine infusion. Then, dopamine (200mg/250ml) will be titrated up to 5 mcg/kg/min with care not to increase blood pressure greater than 160 systolic. C-peptide, insulin level, glucagon, plasma catecholamines will be measured at 90 min and 120 min, 150min, 180min, 210min, 240min. At 120min, 180 min and 240 min glucagon and cortisol levels will also be measured. The total amount of blood withdrawn for entire study will be less than 100 ml. After all blood samples are drawn, dextrose and dopamine infusion will be down-titrated and stopped. The subject will be given lunch and glucose level will be checked. Venous cannulas will then be removed and subject will be sent home.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02053935
|United States, New York|
|Montefiore Medical Center of Albert Einstein College of Medicine|
|Bronx, New York, United States, 10467|
|Study Director:||Erika Mark, DO||Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Inc.|
|Principal Investigator:||Rubina Heptulla, MD||Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Inc.|