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A Study of Tocilizumab (RoActemra/Actemra) in Monotherapy or in Combination With Methotrexate or Other Non-Biologic DMARDs in Participants With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis and an Inadequate Response to Current Non-Biologic DMARD Therapy or the First Anti-TNF Biologic Agent (ACT-MOVE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02046603
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 28, 2014
Results First Posted : December 7, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche

Brief Summary:
This open-label study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab as monotherapy or in combination with methotrexate or other non-biologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in participants with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and an inadequate response to current non-biologic DMARD therapy or the first anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agent. Participants will receive tocilizumab 162 milligrams (mg) subcutaneously once a week for 52 weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis Drug: Tocilizumab Drug: DMARDs Drug: Oral Corticosteroids Drug: Methotrexate Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 162 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Open-Label, Phase IIIb Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Subcutaneous (SC) Tocilizumab Monotherapy or Combination Therapy With Methotrexate (MTX) or Other Non-Biologic Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs) in Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Who Have an Inadequate Response to Current Non-Biologic DMARD Therapy or the First Anti-Tumour Necrosis Factor (Anti-TNF) Biologic Agent
Actual Study Start Date : March 4, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 4, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : August 4, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tocilizumab Monotherapy
Participants will receive a weekly SC injection of tocilizumab 162 mg as monotherapy for 52 weeks.
Drug: Tocilizumab
Tocilizumab 162 mg will be administered once a week by SC injection and as a single fixed dose, irrespective of body weight, for the treatment duration of 52 weeks.
Other Name: RoActemra, Actemra

Experimental: Tocilizumab in Combination With Methotrexate or Other DMARDs
Participants will receive a weekly SC injection of tocilizumab 162 mg in combination with methotrexate or other non-biologic DMARDs for 52 weeks.
Drug: Tocilizumab
Tocilizumab 162 mg will be administered once a week by SC injection and as a single fixed dose, irrespective of body weight, for the treatment duration of 52 weeks.
Other Name: RoActemra, Actemra

Drug: DMARDs
Treatment with non-biologic DMARDs, at a stable dose that was initiated at least 4 weeks prior to baseline, is permitted during the study. The study protocol does not specify any particular therapy.

Drug: Oral Corticosteroids
Stable oral corticosteroids doses (≤10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) are allowed. The study protocol does not specify any additional detail on types of oral corticosteroids.

Drug: Methotrexate
Methotrexate per investigator's discretion.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Disease Activity Score 28-Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (DAS28-ESR) at Week 2 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from swollen joint count (SJC) and tender joint count (TJC) using 28 joints count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR; millimeters per hour [mm/hour]), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm Visual Analog Scale [VAS] where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR greater than or equal to (≥) 2.6 to less than or equal to (≤) 3.2 implied low disease activity, greater than (>) 3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and less than (<) 2.6 implied clinical remission.

  2. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 4 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  3. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  4. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  5. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  6. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 20 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  7. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  8. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 28 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 28 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  9. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 32 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 32 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  10. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 36 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 36 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  11. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 40 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 40 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  12. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 44 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 44 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  13. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 48 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  14. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  15. Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Early Withdrawal [ Time Frame: Baseline, early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity, >3.2 to ≤5.1 implied moderate disease activity, >5.1 implied high/severe disease, and <2.6 implied clinical remission.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Achieving an American College of Rheumatology Criteria 20 (ACR20) Response [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    A participant had an ACR20 response if there was at least a 20 percent (%) improvement, ie, reduction from Baseline, in TJC (68 joints) and SJC (66 joints) and in at least 3 of the following 5 parameters: 1) Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity [VAS: 0 mm=no disease activity to 100 mm=maximum disease activity]; 2) Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity [VAS: 0 mm=no disease activity to 100 mm=maximum disease activity]; 3) Patient's Assessment of Pain [VAS: 0 mm=no pain to 100 mm=unbearable pain]; 4) Health Assessment Questionnaire [20 questions, 8 components: dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and activities, averaged to 0=without difficulty to 3=unable to do] and 5) an acute-phase reactant (either C-reactive protein [CRP] or ESR).

  2. Number of Participants Achieving an ACR50 Response [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    A participant had an ACR50 response if there was at least a 50% improvement, ie, reduction from Baseline, in TJC (68 joints) and SJC (66 joints) and in at least 3 of the following 5 parameters: 1) Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity [VAS: 0 mm=no disease activity to 100 mm=maximum disease activity]; 2) Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity [VAS: 0 mm=no disease activity to 100 mm=maximum disease activity]; 3) Patient's Assessment of Pain [VAS: 0 mm=no pain to 100 mm=unbearable pain]; 4) Health Assessment Questionnaire [20 questions, 8 components: dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and activities, averaged to 0=without difficulty to 3=unable to do] and 5) an acute-phase reactant (either CRP or ESR).

  3. Number of Participants Achieving an ACR70 Response [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    A participant had an ACR70 response if there was at least a 70% improvement, ie, reduction from Baseline, in TJC (68 joints) and SJC (66 joints) and in at least 3 of the following 5 parameters: 1) Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity [VAS: 0 mm=no disease activity to 100 mm=maximum disease activity]; 2) Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity [VAS: 0 mm=no disease activity to 100 mm=maximum disease activity]; 3) Patient's Assessment of Pain [VAS: 0 mm=no pain to 100 mm=unbearable pain]; 4) Health Assessment Questionnaire [20 questions, 8 components: dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and activities, averaged to 0=without difficulty to 3=unable to do] and 5) an acute-phase reactant (either CRP or ESR).

  4. Number of Participants With European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Response (Good, Moderate or No Response) Based on DAS28-ESR [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    DAS28-ESR was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (VAS: 0 mm=no disease activity to 100 mm=maximum disease activity). DAS28-ESR scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. The DAS28-ESR based EULAR response criteria were used to measure individual response as none, good, and moderate, depending on the extent of change from baseline and the level of disease activity reached. Good responders had a change from baseline >1.2 with a DAS28 score ≤3.2; moderate responders had a change from baseline >1.2 with a DAS28 score >3.2 or a change from baseline >0.6 to ≤1.2 with a DAS28 score ≤5.1. Participants with change from baseline >0.6 to ≤1.2 with a DAS28 score >5.1, or any score with change from baseline ≤0.6, were assessed as non-responders.

  5. Change From Baseline in Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at Early Withdrawal [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    The SDAI is the numerical sum of five outcome parameters: TJC and SJC based on a 28-joint assessment, patient and physician global assessment of disease activity assessed on 0-10 centimeter (cm) VAS (0 cm= no disease activity and 10 cm= worst disease activity), and CRP in milligrams per liter (mg/L). SDAI total score = 0-86. SDAI ≤3.3 indicates clinical remission, >3.3 to 11 = low disease activity, >11 to 26 = moderate disease activity, and >26 = high (or severe) disease activity.

  6. Change From Baseline in Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at Early Withdrawal [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    The CDAI is the numerical sum of four outcome parameters: TJC and SJC based on a 28-joint assessment, patient and physician's global assessment of disease activity assessed on 0-10 cm VAS (0 cm= no disease activity and 10 cm= worst disease activity). CDAI total score = 0-76. CDAI ≤2.8 indicates clinical remission, >2.8 to 10 = low disease activity, >10 to 22 = moderate disease activity, and >22 = high (or severe) disease activity.

  7. Percent Change From Baseline in Total TJC on 68 Joints at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    Number of tender joints was determined by examining 68 joints and identified the joints that were painful under pressure or to passive motion. The number of tender joints was recorded on the joint assessment form at each visit, no tenderness = 0, tenderness = 1; total was calculated by adding all the joints for a maximum score of 68. A reduction in number of tender joints compared to baseline indicates improvement. The outcome is reported as the percent change from baseline to end of treatment (52 weeks).

  8. Change From Baseline in Total TJC on 28 Joints at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at Early Withdrawal [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    Number of tender joints was determined by examining 28 joints and identified the joints that were painful under pressure or to passive motion. The number of tender joints was recorded on the joint assessment form at each visit, no tenderness = 0, tenderness = 1; total was calculated by adding all the joints for a maximum score of 28. A reduction in number of tender joints compared to baseline indicates improvement.

  9. Percent Change From Baseline in Total SJC on 66 Joints at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    Number of swollen joints was determined by examination of 66 joints and identifying when swelling was present. The number of swollen joints was recorded on the joint assessment form at each visit, no swelling = 0, swelling =1; total was calculated by adding all the joints for a maximum score of 66. A reduction in number of swollen joints compared to baseline indicates improvement. The outcome is reported as the percent change from baseline to end of treatment (52 weeks).

  10. Change From Baseline in Total SJC on 28 Joints at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at Early Withdrawal [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    Number of swollen joints was determined by examination of 28 joints and identifying when swelling was present. The number of swollen joints was recorded on the joint assessment form at each visit, no swelling = 0, swelling =1; total was calculated by adding all the joints for a maximum score of 28. A reduction in number of swollen joints compared to baseline indicates improvement.

  11. Number of Participants Who Achieved Low Disease Activity as Defined by DAS28-ESR ≤3.2 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR ≥2.6 to ≤3.2 implied low disease activity.

  12. Number of Participants Who Achieved Remission as Defined by DAS28-ESR <2.6 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using 28 joints count, ESR (mm/hour), and patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=worst disease activity). DAS28 scores were calculated as [0.56 × square root of TJC] + [0.28 × square root of SJC] + [0.70 × natural log (ESR)] + [0.014 × VAS]. Total score range: 0-10, higher score=higher disease activity. DAS28-ESR <2.6 implied clinical remission.

  13. Number of Participants With Non-Biologic DMARD/Corticosteroid Dose Reductions and/or Discontinuation [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, at early withdrawal (up to Week 52), follow-up Week 4 (up to Week 56), and follow-up Week 8 (up to Week 60) ]
    Results are reported for number of participants who had non-biologic DMARD/corticosteroid dose reductions and/or discontinuation by reasons for dose reductions or discontinuation (safety reasons, discomfort, lack of efficacy, other reasons, and unknown reasons). Participants may be included under more than one reason.

  14. Percentage of Methotrexate Adherence as Assessed by Methotrexate Adherence Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 12, 24, 36, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    Methotrexate adherence was determined from responses to the question 'Over the last 3 months you were prescribed 12 doses of methotrexate, how many (approximately) have you taken?' Adherence (%) was calculated as: (Approximate number of doses taken/12)*100.

  15. Patient Global Assessment of Disease Activity VAS Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    Patient global assessment of disease activity was measured on a 0 to 100 mm horizontal VAS where 0 mm=no disease activity and 100 mm=maximum disease activity.

  16. Patient Pain VAS Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    This assessment represents the participant's assessment of his/her current level of pain on a 100 mm horizontal VAS where 0 mm= no pain to 100 mm= unbearable pain.

  17. Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    The HAQ-DI questionnaire measures functional status (disability) and health-related quality of life. It measures the participant's ability to perform everyday tasks. The index consists of 20 questions regarding the function of the upper and lower extremities. These questions are summarized in 8 categories: dressing and grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and common activities over past week. Each question is evaluated according to the degree of severity on a 4-point scale. Total score for HAQ-DI was the average of all questions and ranges from 0 = without any difficulty to 3 = unable to do.

  18. Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    The FACIT-F score was calculated according to a 13-item questionnaire that assesses self-reported fatigue and its impact upon daily activities and function. FACIT-F is a 13-item questionnaire. Participants scored each item on a 5-point scale: 0 (Not at all) to 4 (Very much). The larger the participant's response to the questions (with the exception of 2 negatively stated), the greater the participant's fatigue. For all questions, except for the 2 negatively stated ones, the code was reversed and a new score was calculated as (4 minus the participant's response). The sum of all responses resulted in the FACIT-F score for a total possible score of 0 (worse score) to 52 (better score).

  19. Number of Participants Compliant to Tocilizumab Treatment as Measured by Diary Cards and Return Records [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, and at early withdrawal (up to Week 52) ]
    A diary card was provided to participants to record home injections. Participants were asked to return all empty drug supply boxes, unused pre-filled syringe, and diary cards to the clinic at each visit as a measure of drug accountability and participant compliance. A participant was considered compliant if the participant correctly administered all scheduled doses of SC tocilizumab during the assessment period.

  20. Number of Participants With Anti-Tocilizumab Antibodies [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 12 and 24, at early withdrawal (up to Week 52), and follow-up visit (8 weeks after last dose of tocilizumab, up to 60 weeks) ]
  21. Serum Levels of Tocilizumab [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 12 and 24, at early withdrawal (up to Week 52), and follow-up visit (8 weeks after last dose of tocilizumab, up to 60 weeks) ]
  22. Serum Levels of Soluble Interleukin-6 Receptors (sIL-6Rs) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 12 and 24, at early withdrawal (up to Week 52), and follow-up visit (8 weeks after last dose of tocilizumab, up to 60 weeks) ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Active RA according to the revised (1987) ACR criteria or EULAR/ACR (2010) criteria
  • Participants who have an inadequate response to current non-biologic DMARD therapy or the first anti-TNF agent (in monotherapy or in combination with MTX or other non-biologic DMARDs). Inadequate response to anti-TNF treatment is defined as DAS28 score improvement of less than 1.2 or participants achieving a DAS28 score improvement of 1.2 but not achieving low disease activity (current DAS28-ESR above 3.2) according to a treat-to-target strategy and have not been previously exposed to treatment with tocilizumab. Inadequate response to non-biologic DMARD therapy will be assessed according to local guidelines and the participants will need to be eligible for biologic therapy according to local guidelines
  • Oral corticosteroids (≤10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; up to recommended dose) are permitted if on stable dose regimen for greater than or equal to [≥] 4 weeks prior to baseline
  • Permitted non-biologic DMARDs are allowed if on stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to baseline
  • Receiving treatment on an outpatient basis, not including tocilizumab
  • Females of childbearing potential and males with female partners of childbearing potential must agree to use reliable means of contraception as defined by protocol during the study and for at least 3 months following the last dose of tocilizumab

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Major surgery (including joint surgery) within 8 weeks prior to screening or planned major surgery within 6 months following baseline
  • Rheumatic autoimmune disease other than RA
  • Functional Class IV as defined by the ACR Classification of Functional Status in Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis or juvenile RA and/or RA before the age of 16
  • Prior history of or current inflammatory joint disease other than RA
  • Exposure to tocilizumab either intravenous or SC at any time prior to baseline
  • Treatment with any investigational agent within 4 weeks (or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug, whichever is longer) of screening
  • Intra-articular or parenteral corticosteroids within 4 weeks prior to baseline
  • History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions to human, humanized or murine monoclonal antibodies
  • Known active current or history of recurrent infections
  • Major episode of infection requiring hospitalization or treatment with IV antibiotics within 4 weeks of screening or oral antibiotics within 2 weeks of screening
  • Active tuberculosis (TB) requiring treatment within the previous 3 years
  • Positive for hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus infection
  • Primary or secondary immunodeficiency (history of or currently active)
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Inadequate hematologic, renal or liver function

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02046603


Locations
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United Kingdom
Aberdeen Royal Infirmary
Aberdeen, United Kingdom, AB25 2ZN
Christchurch Hospital; Rheumatology
Bournemouth, United Kingdom, BH23 2JX
Royal Sussex County Hospital; Clinical Investigation Research Unit
Brighton, United Kingdom, BN2 5BE
Queens Hospital
Burton on Trent, United Kingdom, DE13 0RB
West Suffolk Hospital
Bury Saint Edmonds, United Kingdom, IP33 2QZ
Addenbrooke'S Hospital; Rheumatology Research Unit
Cambridge, United Kingdom, CB2 2QQ
Cannock Chase Hospital; Rheumatology
Cannock, United Kingdom, WS11 5XY
University Hospital of Wales; Dept of Rhematology
Cardiff, United Kingdom, CF14 4XW
Broomfield Hospital
Chelmsford, United Kingdom, CM1 7ET
Countess of Chester Hospital; Dept of Rheumatology
Chester, United Kingdom, CH2 1UL
Dewsbury & District Hospital; Dept of Rheumatology
Dewsbury, United Kingdom, WF13 4HS
Russells Hall Hospital; Rheumatology Department
Dudley, United Kingdom, DY1 2HQ
Ninewells Hospital
Dundee, United Kingdom, DD12 9SY
Eastbourne District General Hospital; Dept of Rheumatology
Eastbourne, United Kingdom, BN21 2UD
Western General Hospital; Pharmacy Department
Edinburgh, United Kingdom, EH4 2XU
Gartnavel General Hospital; Rheumatology
Glasgow, United Kingdom, G12 0YN
Diana Princess of Wales Hosp.
Grimsby, United Kingdom, DN33 2BA
Princess Alexandra Hospital
Harlow, United Kingdom, CM20 1QX
Northwick Park Hospital
Harrow, United Kingdom, HA1 3UJ
Hemel Hempstead General Hospital; Rheumatology Dept
Hemel Hempstead, United Kingdom, HP2 4AD
Hull Royal Infirmary; Rheumatology Department
Hull, United Kingdom, HU3 3JZ
Llandudno General Hospital
Llandudno, United Kingdom, LL30 1LB
Whipps Cross Hospital; Rheumatology Dept
London, United Kingdom, E11 1NR
Royal Free Hospital; Department of Rheumatology
London, United Kingdom, NW3 2QG
Maidstone Hospital; Dept of Rheumatology
Maidstone, United Kingdom, ME16 9QQ
Wythenshawe Hospital
Manchester, United Kingdom, M23 9QZ
Freeman Hospital; Dept of Rheumatology
Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom, NE7 7DN
North Tyneside General Hospital
North Shields, United Kingdom, NE29 8NH
Norfolk & Norwich Hospital; Rheumatology
Norwich, United Kingdom, NR4 7UY
Integrated Care Centre
Oldham, United Kingdom, OL1 1NL
Solihull Hospital
Solihull, United Kingdom, B91 2JL
Haywood Hospital; Staffordshire Rheumatology Centre
Stoke-on-trent, United Kingdom, ST6 7AG
Great Western Hospital; Dept of Rheumatology
Swindon, United Kingdom, SN3 6BB
Torbay Hospital; Dept of Rhematology
Torquay, United Kingdom, TQ2 7AA
Royal Cornwall Hospital; Rhuematololgy Dept
Truro, United Kingdom, TR1 3LJ
Warrington Hospital
Warrington, United Kingdom, WA5 1QG
Wrightington Hospital; Rheumatology
Wigan, United Kingdom, WN6 9EW
Wishaw General Hospital
Wishaw, United Kingdom, ML2 0DP
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02046603     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ML28641
2013-000054-22 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: January 28, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 7, 2018
Last Update Posted: December 7, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Methotrexate
Antirheumatic Agents
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors