Primary Outcome Measures:
Secondary Outcome Measures:
Single intravenous administration of [124I]mIBG Solution for Injection on Day 1 with a maximum radioactive dose of 1.42 MBq/kg (±10%) and a maximum injected dose of 50 MBq [124I]mIBG equating to a maximum chemical dose of 10 micrograms of stable mIBG. The activity to paediatric patients will be scaled by weight based upon the EANM paediatric dose card (Lassmann et al., 2007). This will result in an activity between 10 MBq and 50 MBq depending on the patient's weight.
Neuroblastoma is the most common tumour of childhood after brain tumours. Approximately half of cases are high risk and despite extensive treatments outcome is very poor. More than 60% of high risk patients suffer relapse or further spread of their disease and long-term survival is below 10%. Existing imaging techniques are not sensitive enough to accurately assess the level of risk which is critical in determining the best choice of treatment. This study will compare a new type of imaging against the existing imaging techniques. The new scans use a new tracer called [124I]mIBG which is taken up by the cancer tissue much more than by normal tissues. This tracer can be used with a 3D imaging technique called PET/CT to pinpoint where the disease has spread and quantify the amount of disease. Patients will be those scheduled to have an [123I]mIBG scan for routine care during a planned break in treatment.