Haplo-identical HSCT Versus Chemotherapy for Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Patients
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02042690|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 23, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 29, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia||Procedure: Haplo-identical HSCT Drug: Chemotherapy||Phase 3|
Although the high complete remission rate (80%-90%) can be achieved, the long-term survival rate of standard-risk adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) is only 25%-55% when they receive chemotherapy alone. The survival rate can be further improved uo to 50%-75% when they receive HLA-matched HSCT However, the chance of finding a HLA-matched donor is low, especially in China. Alternative donor such as halpo-identical related donor might be an choice.
Our retrospective analysis showed about 59% overall survival could be achieved when standard-risk adult ALL patients received halpo-identical HSCT.Therefore, we start this randomization controlled trial to compare the efficacy of haplo-identical HSCT with chemotherapy for adult(age:18-39 years old) ALL patients in CR1.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||131 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||After 1 year of enrollment, randomization was terminated because of the patients's intention to crossover between the two intervention groups (total enrolled n=16). The sample size was recalculated in July 2015, and the ethics committee agreed to modify the randomization scheme to intention-to-therapy (ITT). Patients who met the recruitment criteria after the second consolidation participated fully in discussions with their doctors and then made decisions on their own regarding their intention to receive haplo-SCT. For each patient, informed consent was obtained from that patient or his/her guardian in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase III Study to Compare Haplo-identical HSCT Versus Chemotherapy in First Remission for Standard-risk Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||April 2019|
Active Comparator: chemotherapy
Drug:Methotrexate 1g/m2 d1,IV (in the vein) , used in cycle 1,3,5 Drug:arabinoside 2-3g/m2,q12h, d2-3, IV, used in cycle 1,3,5 Drug:cyclophosphamide:300mg/m2 q12h, d1-3, IV,used in cycle 2,4,6 Drug:Epirubicin 60mg/m2.d，d4,used in cycle 2,4,6 Drug:Vindesin 4mg/d，d4，d11, IV,in cycle 2,4,6 Drug:dexamethasone 40mg/d，d1-4，d11-14, IV, in cycle 2,4,6 Drug:Methotrexate 20 mg/m2/w,po, during maintenance treatment for 2 years Drug:6-mercaptopurine 60 mg/m2/d，po，d1-d28,during maintenance treatment for 2 years Drug:Vindesin 4mg/d，Predisone:1mg/kg, d1-7, every month during maintenance treatment for 2 years
Patients receive 6 cycles of consolidation chemotherapy after randomization, including Hyper-CVAD-B regimen-Hyper-CVAD-A regimen/Hyper-CVAD-B regimen/Hyper-CVAD-A regimen/Hyper-CVAD-B regimen/Hyper-CVAD-A regimen.Maintenance treatment includes MTX 20mg/m2/w，po，6-mercaptopurine 60 mg/m2/d，po，d1-d28，VP（VDS 4mg,d1, Prednisone 1mg/kg d1-7) every one month for 2 years.
Experimental: Haplo-identical HSCT
Haplo-identical HSCT Protocol:G, donor treatment with recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF); I, intensified immunologic suppression; A, antihuman thymocyte immunoglobulin (ATG) for the prevention of GVHD; C, combination of peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT), and bone marrow transplantation (BMT)，named GIAC regimen. Graft versus-host disease(GVHD) prevention regimen: CSA/MMF/MTX, cyclosporine A(CSA) 1.25mg/kg/d, i.v administrated in two doses from day -109 until bowel function returned to normal, at which time patients receive oral CSA until 12months after HSCt and then gradually tapered. Every 12h, 0.5g mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)(0.25g for children) was administrated orally from day -10 to +30 and subsequently 0.25g from days +30 to +60. Methotrexate (MTX) was administrated at a dose of 15mg/m2 on day +1 and 10mg/m2 on days +3,+6, and +11.
Procedure: Haplo-identical HSCT
Haplo-identical Protocol: myeloablative human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT) using pretransplant ATG and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-stimulated grafts (ATG+G-CSF) GVHD prevention regimen: CSA/MMF/MTX, CSA 1.25mg/kg/d, i.v administrated in two doses from day -109 until bowel function returned to normal, at which time patients receive oral CSA until 12months after HRD-HSC and then gradually tapered. Every 12h, 0.5g MMF(0.25g for children) was administrated orally from day -10 to +30 and subsequently 0.25g from days +30 to +60. MTX was administrated at a dose of 15mg/m2 on day +1 and 10mg/m2 on days +3,+6, and +11.
- Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: At 2 years from study entry ]
- Rate of cumulative incidence of relapse [ Time Frame: At 2 years from study entry ]
- Overall survival (OS) rate [ Time Frame: At 2 years from study entry ]
- nonrelapse mortality [ Time Frame: At 2 years from study entry ]
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02042690
|Aerospace Center Hospital|
|Beijing, Beijing, China, 100044|
|Wuhan Union Hospital|
|Wuhan, Hubei, China|
|The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University|
|Suzhou, Jiangsu, China|
|General Hospital of PLA|
|Peking Union Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Xiao-Jun Huang, MD||Peking University People's Hospital|