MEK Inhibitor MEK162 in Combination With Leucovorin Calcium, Fluorouracil, and Oxaliplatin in Treating Patients With Advanced Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02041481|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 25, 2018
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Recurrent Colon Cancer Recurrent Rectal Cancer Stage IVA Colon Cancer Stage IVA Rectal Cancer Stage IVB Colon Cancer Stage IVB Rectal Cancer||Drug: MEK inhibitor MEK162 Drug: leucovorin calcium Drug: fluorouracil Drug: oxaliplatin Other: pharmacological study Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis||Phase 1|
I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for the combination of MEK162 (MEK inhibitor MEK162) plus leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
I. Describe the safety of the combination of MEK162 across all investigated dose levels.
II. Describe the pharmacokinetics of MEK162 and FOLFOX in 6 patients in the expanded MTD cohort.
III. Describe any clinical activity to the combination using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria.
IV. Determine the recommended Phase II dose (RP2D) which may be less than the MTD for both intermittent and continuous dosing of MEK162.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of MEK inhibitor MEK162. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
ARM I: Patients receive MEK inhibitor MEK162 orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-14, and leucovorin calcium intravenously (IV) over 2 hours, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 1 and 2. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive MEK inhibitor MEK162 PO BID on days 1-5, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 6 and 7. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||26 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase I Clinical Trial of MEK162 in Combination With FOLFOX in Patients With Advanced Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Who Failed Prior Standard Therapy|
|Study Start Date :||June 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 19, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 19, 2018|
Experimental: Arm I (continuous MEK inhibitor MEK162, FOLFOX)
Patients receive MEK inhibitor MEK162 PO BID on days 1-14, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 1 and 2. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: MEK inhibitor MEK162
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Other: pharmacological study
Other Name: pharmacological studies
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Experimental: Arm II (intermittent MEK inhibitor MEK162, FOLFOX)
Patients receive MEK inhibitor MEK162 PO BID on days 1-5, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 6 and 7. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: MEK inhibitor MEK162
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
- MTD of MEK inhibitory MEK162 on a continuous and an intermittent schedule in combination with FOLFOX assessed by National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version 4.03 [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]The MTD for each schedule will be defined as the highest level safely tested or the level below the level at which 2 or more patients (in a cohort of up to 6 patients) develop a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT).
- DLT defined as an adverse event or abnormal laboratory value assessed as at least possibly related to the combination of MEK inhibitor MEK162 and FOLFOX graded according to NCI CTCAE v4.03 [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]The toxicities observed at each dose level will be summarized in terms of type (organ affected or laboratory determination such as absolute neutrophil count), severity (by NCI CTCAE 4.03 and nadir or maximum values for the laboratory measures), time of onset (i.e. cycle number), duration, and reversibility or outcome. Tables will be created to summarize these toxicities, cycles delivered and total dose delivered, and side effects by dose and by cycle. Tabular and graphical summaries will be used to explore the relationship of type and grade of toxicity to dose, cycle, and pharmacokinetics.
- Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, assessed up to 2 years ]
- Time to failure [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
- Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Patients with pathologically confirmed colon or rectal cancer who have received and progressed or failed following a fluoropyrimidine, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin based chemotherapy regimens will be eligible for this study; patients who have a known Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS)/v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF) wild type tumor should have progressed or failed following cetuximab or panitumumab based chemotherapy; prior bevacizumab or regorafenib exposure is not mandated on this study as some patients are deemed poor candidates for anti-angiogenesis therapy and never receive these agents
- Patients should have measurable disease defined as a minimum of one tumor measuring >= 10 mm on computed tomography (CT) scans
- Signed written informed consent
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
- Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9 g/dL without transfusions
- Platelets (PLT) >= 100 x 10^9/L without transfusions
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN); patient with liver metastases =< 5 ×ULN
- Total bilirubin =< ULN
- Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL
- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50% as determined by a multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram
- Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 480 ms
- Able to take oral medications
- Patient is deemed by the investigator to have the initiative and means to be compliant with the protocol (treatment and follow-up)
- Negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test (female patient of childbearing potential only) performed locally within 72 hrs prior to first dose
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1
- History or current evidence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or current risk factors for RVO (e.g. uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension, history of hyperviscosity or hypercoagulability syndromes)
- Patients who have had chemotherapy, biologic, targeted, or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from grade 2 and above adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier (with the exception of alopecia or neuropathy)
- History of retinal degenerative disease
- History of Gilbert's syndrome
Previous or concurrent malignancy with the following exceptions:
- Adequately treated skin basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma (adequate wound healing is required prior to study entry)
- In situ carcinoma of the cervix, treated curatively and without evidence of recurrence
- A primary malignancy which has been completely resected and in complete remission for >= 1 years
- Prior therapy with a MEK- inhibitor
- History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG], coronary angioplasty, or stenting) < 6 months prior to screening
- Impaired cardiovascular function or clinically significant cardiovascular diseases, including any of the following: symptomatic chronic heart failure; evidence of clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias and/or conduction abnormalities < 6 months prior to screening except atrial fibrillation and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
- Uncontrolled arterial hypertension despite appropriate medical therapy (defined as systolic blood pressure > 160 or diastolic blood pressure > 100)
- Known positive serology for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), active hepatitis B, and/or active hepatitis C infection
- Patients who have neuromuscular disorders that are associated with elevated creatine kinase (CK) (e.g., inflammatory myopathies, muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal muscular atrophy)
- Patients who are planning on embarking on a new strenuous exercise regimen after first dose of study treatment; NB: muscular activities, such as strenuous exercise, that can result in significant increases in plasma CK levels should be avoided while on MEK162 treatment
- Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease (e.g., active ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection)
- Any other condition that would, in the investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns or compliance with clinical study procedures, e.g., infection/inflammation, intestinal obstruction, unable to swallow medication, social/ psychological issues, etc.
- Patients who have undergone major surgery =< 3 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such procedure
- Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test
- Women of child-bearing potential unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception throughout the study and for 60 days after study drug discontinuation
- Sexually active males unless they use a condom during intercourse while taking the drug and for 60 days after stopping treatment and should not father a child in this period; a condom is required to be used also by vasectomized men
- Medical, psychiatric, cognitive or other conditions that may compromise the patient's ability to understand the patient information, give informed consent, comply with the study protocol or complete the study
- Current grade 3 or higher neuropathy
- Use of other investigational drugs
- Known hypersensitivity to any components of the study drugs
- Prior intolerance to fluorouracil (5-FU) or oxaliplatin, excluding severe neuropathy that reversed to grade 2 or less
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02041481
|United States, California|
|City of Hope Medical Center|
|Duarte, California, United States, 91010|
|Principal Investigator:||Marwan Fakih||City of Hope Medical Center|
|Responsible Party:||City of Hope Medical Center|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
NCI-2014-00051 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
13355 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Medical Center )
|First Posted:||January 22, 2014 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||January 25, 2018|
|Last Verified:||January 2018|
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action