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Efficacy and Safety of Ferriprox® in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease or Other Anemias (FIRST)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02041299
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 14, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
This research is being done so that we can look at the safety and efficacy of deferiprone in people with sickle cell disease or other anemias. Deferiprone is a drug that removes iron from the body. We will be comparing deferiprone with deferoxamine, another drug that removes iron from the body.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Iron Overload Sickle Cell Disease Other Anemias Drug: Deferiprone Drug: Deferoxamine Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Deferiprone (brand name Ferriprox®) is an iron chelator that is approved in the United States and over 60 other countries for the treatment of iron overload in patients with thalassemia, when other treatments are inadequate. This study has been designed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of deferiprone vs. deferoxamine in patients who have SCD or other anemias, and who require chelation because of the extra iron they are taking in through blood transfusions.

About 300 people from North America, South America, Europe, and the Middle East will take part in this study. Participants will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive therapy for 52 weeks with either deferiprone or deferoxamine, another type of iron chelator. Patients who are randomized to the deferiprone group can choose to get the drug as either tablets or liquid, and must take it three times daily. Patients who are randomized to the deferoxamine group will receive it as a subcutaneous infusion that lasts from 8 to 12 hours and is given 5 to 7 days per week. For both drugs, the starting dosage is based on how much extra iron they have taken in through transfusions in the last 3 months and on the severity of iron load, as measured by serum ferritin levels in the blood and by the amount of iron in the liver and the heart. For deferiprone, the starting dosage will be increased each week over the first 3 weeks; and for both drugs, the dosage may be adjusted up or down during the study based on the level of iron overload and on safety considerations.

Patients will need to have their blood count checked every week for the first 26 weeks, then every other week for the remaining 26 weeks; they will also have to give a blood sample for more detailed safety testing every month; and to give a blood sample for the measurement of serum ferritin every 3 months. Every six months, they will undergo an ECG and an MRI scan, and will be asked to complete a quality of life survey.

At the end of the 52 weeks, participants will be invited to enter a 2-year study in which all patients will receive deferiprone, including those who were randomized to receive deferoxamine in the first year.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Efficacy and Safety of Ferriprox® for the Treatment of Transfusional Iron Overload in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease or Other Anemias
Study Start Date : March 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anemia Iron

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Deferiprone
Patients randomized to the deferiprone arm will be prescribed either tablets or liquid medication.
Drug: Deferiprone
Other Names:
  • Ferriprox tablets
  • Deferiprone oral solution

Active Comparator: Deferoxamine
Patients randomized to the deferoxamine arm will be prescribed the drug as per the approved US prescribing information.
Drug: Deferoxamine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in liver iron concentration, as measured in mg/g dry weight (dw) using MRI [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to Week 52 ]
    Without effective iron chelation therapy, transfusion-dependent patients experience a progressive increase in Liver Iron Concentration (LIC). High LIC increases the risk of iron-induced toxicity such as cardiac disease, hepatic fibrosis, diabetes mellitus, and death.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in patient-reported quality of life, as measured by SF-36 or Child Health Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to Week 52 ]
    Adults patients will complete the SF-36 questionnaire and minors will complete the CHQ, in order to provide a profile of functional health and well-being.

  2. Change in cardiac MRI T2*, measured in milliseconds (ms) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to Week 52 ]
    MRI T2* provides a measure of iron levels in the heart

  3. Change in serum ferritin, measured in mcg/L [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to Week 52 ]
    Serum ferritin provides a measure of iron level in the blood

  4. Occurrence of adverse events [ Time Frame: From first dose (Baseline visit) to last study visit (Week 52 or early termination) ]
    Number of participants in each group with AEs, by frequency, nature, severity, time to onset, and duration of AEs

  5. Frequency of serious adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From first dose (Baseline visit) to last study visit (Week 52 or early termination) ]
    Number of participants in each group with SAEs

  6. Hematology assessments [ Time Frame: Assessed at baseline, weekly (till week 26), biweekly (after week 26), monthly and at Weeks 12, 26, 40, and 52 (or early termination) ]
    Change from baseline at each visit and change from baseline at end of study for hemoglobin, total WBC, ANC, and platelets

  7. Blood clinical biochemistry assessments [ Time Frame: Assessed at baseline, monthly and Weeks 12, 26, 40, and 52 (or early termination) ]
    Change from baseline at each visit and change from baseline at end of study for total protein; GGT; lactate dehydrogenase (LDH); sodium, potassium, chloride, glucose (fasting at screening visit only); total, direct and indirect bilirubin; AST; ALT; albumin; blood urea nitrogen; calcium; creatinine; uric acid; alkaline phosphatase; and amylase

  8. Abnormal and clinically significant findings in 12-lead ECG [ Time Frame: Screening, Week 26, and end of study (Week 52 or early termination) visits ]
    Change in abnormal or clinically significant ECG parameters from screening to each later time point

  9. Discontinuations due to AEs [ Time Frame: From first dose (Baseline visit) to last study visit (Week 52 or early termination) ]
    Number of participants in each group who discontinued from the study due to AEs

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female ≥ 2 years of age;
  2. Have sickle cell disease (confirmed by Hb electrophoresis or more specific tests) or other conditions with iron overload from repeated blood transfusions (see exclusion criteria for exceptions);
  3. Baseline LIC >7 mg/g dw (measured by MRI);
  4. Patients who have received no less than 20 transfusions of RBCs;
  5. Patients who have received at least 1 transfusion per year in the last 2 years and who are expected to have a continuing requirement (based on Investigator's judgement) during the duration of the trial

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Thalassemia syndromes;
  2. Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or myelofibrosis;
  3. Diamond Blackfan anemia;
  4. Primary bone marrow failure;
  5. Baseline LIC >30 mg/g dw (measured by MRI);
  6. Unable or unwilling to undergo a 7 day washout period if currently being treated with deferiprone or deferoxamine or deferasirox;
  7. Previous discontinuation of treatment with deferiprone or deferoxamine due to adverse events;
  8. History or presence of hypersensitivity or idiosyncratic reaction to deferiprone or deferoxamine;
  9. Treated with hydroxyurea within 30 days;
  10. History of malignancy;
  11. Evidence of abnormal liver function (serum ALT level(s) > 5 times upper limit of normal at screening or creatinine levels >2 times upper limit of normal at screening);
  12. A serious, unstable illness, as judged by the Investigator, during the past 3 months before screening/baseline visit including but not limited to: hepatic, renal, gastro-enterologic, respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrinologic, neurologic or immunologic disease;
  13. Clinically significant abnormal 12-lead ECG findings;
  14. Cardiac MRI T2* <10ms;
  15. Myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest or cardiac failure within 1 year before screening/baseline visit;
  16. Unable to undergo MRI
  17. Presence of metallic objects such as artificial joints, inner ear (cochlear) implants, brain aneurysm clips, pacemakers, and metallic foreign bodies in the eye or other body areas that would prevent use of MRI imaging

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02041299

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Contact: Caroline Fradette, PhD 416-401-7543
Contact: Fernando Tricta, MD 416-401-7332

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Sponsors and Collaborators
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Principal Investigator: Janet Kwiatkowski, MD Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
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Responsible Party: ApoPharma Identifier: NCT02041299    
Other Study ID Numbers: LA38-0411
First Posted: January 22, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 14, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Keywords provided by ApoPharma:
sickle cell disease
Iron overload
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anemia, Sickle Cell
Iron Overload
Hematologic Diseases
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Iron Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Iron Chelating Agents
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action