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Allograft for Sickle Cell Disease and Thalassemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02038478
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 16, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 15, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:

The design of the study incorporates the following features:

  1. This is a phase II study to determine the safety and therapeutic potential of a new transplant approach (disease-free survival, graft versus myeloma effect) and to evaluate its toxicity profile (immediate toxicity, graft-versus-host disease, graft rejection, mortality) in a patient population with severe congenital anemias.
  2. The patient cohort to be studied: Those patients with severe sickle cell disease and thalassemia who have risk factors for high mortality and morbidity related to their disease
  3. Transplant Conditioning Regimen - Immunosuppression without myeloablation: Patients will receive conditioning sufficient to allow donor lympho-hematopoietic engraftment without complete marrow ablation. If the graft is rejected, the patient will reconstitute autologous marrow function. We will use a combination of low dose irradiation, Alemtuzumab (Campath®), and sirolimus.
  4. Peripheral blood hematopoietic progenitor cell (PBPC) transplant: An unmanipulated peripheral blood stem cell collection from a filgrastim (G-CSF) stimulated HLA-matched donor should improve the chance of engraftment because of the high stem cell dose (5 x 106/kg CD34+ cells) and the presence of donor lymphocytes. To reduce the risk of GVHD, patients will receive sirolimus before and after the transplant. The sirolimus will be tapered as necessary to minimize any graft versus host disease while still maintaining adequate chimerism.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sickle Cell Disease and Thalassemia Biological: Donor Stem Cell Transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

A human lymphocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor will receive filgrastim (G-CSF) 10 to16 µg/kg/d subcutaneously or intravenously for up to 6 days with apheresis collections of PBPC on day 5 (and day 6 if required). The product will be collected by leukophoresis with a goal of ≥ 10 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg, with a minimum of 5 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg.

The patient will receive a preparative regimen of Alemtuzumab to be infused on days -7 to -3, followed by 300 cGy TBI given as a single dose on day -2. Sirolimus at a dose of 5mg/day to maintain trough levels between 10-15ng/ml will be started on day -1. The PBPC graft targeted to deliver 10 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg (at minimum, 5 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg) will be infused on day 0 On days +14, +30, +60 and +100 the chimeric status of patients will be assessed by microsatellite analysis of the peripheral blood. More frequent monitoring may be required.

Sickle cell patients with pulmonary hypertension will meet with a Pulmonary Medicine Consult to determine appropriate management prior to SCT.

Patients with fever or suspected minor infection should await resolution of symptoms before starting the conditioning regimen.

Iron chelation must be discontinued > 48 hours before initiating the conditioning regimen.

Hydroxyurea must be discontinued one day prior to initiating the conditioning regimen.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Nonmyeloablative Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Mobilized Hematopoietic Precursor Cell Transplantation for Severe Congenital Anemias Including Sickle Cell Disease and Thalassemia
Study Start Date : January 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Thalassemia
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Transplantation Arm

Transplantation

One day after they complete their radiation and Campath-1H treatments and have begun their Sirolimus, the donor blood stem cells described above are transfused through the central line. This process takes approximately 30 minutes to 2 hours and is normally completely without side effects.

Biological: Donor Stem Cell Transplantation
One day after they complete their radiation and Campath-1H treatments and have begun their Sirolimus, the donor blood stem cells described above are transfused through the central line. This process takes approximately 30 minutes to 2 hours and is normally completely without side effects.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment Success at One Year [ Time Frame: Treatment Success at one year ]
    This is defined as full donor type hemoglobin on hemoglobin electrrophoresis for patients with sickle cell disease and transfusion-independence for patients with thalassemia.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Level of chierism required to maintain Graft Survival and hematologic normalcy [ Time Frame: Measured on days 14, 30, 60 and 100 ]
    The chimeric status of patients will be measured on days +14, +30, +60, and +100 by microsatellite analysis of the peripheral blood.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Inclusion criteria - Recipient

Disease specific:

Sickle Cell Disease - Patients with sickle cell disease at high risk for disease related morbidity or mortality, defined by having irreversible end-organ damage (A, B, C,D, or E) or potentially reversible complication(s) not ameliorated by hydroxyurea (F):

A. Stroke defined as a clinically significant neurologic event that is accompanied by an infarct on cerebral MRI OR an abnormal trans-cranial Doppler examination (≥200m/s); OR

B. Sickle cell related renal insufficiency defined by a creatinine level ≥1.5 times the upper limit of normal and kidney biopsy consistent with sickle cell nephropathy OR nephrotic syndrome OR creatinine clearance < 50mL/min OR requiring peritoneal or hemodialysis. OR

C. Pulmonary hypertension as defined by tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity (TRV) of ≥ 2.5m/s at least 3 weeks after a vaso-occlusive crisis; OR

D. Recurrent tricorporal priapism defined as at least two episodes of an erection lasting ≥4 hours involving the corpora cavernosa and corpus spongiosa; OR

E. Sickle hepatopathy defined as EITHER ferritin >1000mcg/L OR direct bilirubin >0.4 mg/dL at baseline; OR

F. Any one of the below complications

  1. Vaso-occlusive crises
  2. Acute chest syndrome
  3. Osteonecrosis of 2 or more joints
  4. Red cell alloimmunization

    Thalassemia - Patients with thalassemia who have grade 2 or 3 iron overload, determined by the presence of 2 or more of the following:

    • portal fibrosis by liver biopsy inadequate chelation history (defined as failure to maintain adequate compliance with chelation with desferroxamine initiated within 18 months of the first transfusion and administered subcutaneously for 8-10 hours at least 5 days each week) hepatomegaly of greater than 2 cm below the costochondral margin

    Non-disease specific:

    Ages ≥ 18 but ≤ 45

    6/6 HLA matched family donor available

    Ability to comprehend and willing to sign an informed consent, assent obtained from minors

    Negative serum pregnancy test

    Inclusion criteria - Donor

    6/6 HLA identical family donor

    Weight > 20 kg (in so far that the weight difference between recipient and donor does not exceed a reasonable likelihood of being able to obtain an adequate cell dose from the donor within two aphereses)

    Fit to receive G-CSF and give peripheral blood stem cells (normal blood counts, normotensive, and no history of stroke)

    Ability to comprehend and willing to sign an informed consent

    Exclusion Criteria:

    Exclusion criteria - Recipient

    Any of the following would exclude the subject from participating

    ECOG performance status of 3 or more or Lanksy performance status of <40

    Diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) <50% predicted (corrected for hemoglobin and alveolar volume)

    Baseline oxygen saturation of <85% or PaO2 <70

    Left ventricular ejection fraction: <40% estimated by ECHO

    Transaminases > 5x upper limit of normal for age

    Evidence of uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infections (currently taking medication and progression of clinical symptoms) within one month prior to starting the conditioning regimen

    Major anticipated illness or organ failure incompatible with survival from PBSC transplant

    Pregnant or lactating

    Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

    A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:

    • Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
    • Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)

    Major ABO mismatch

    Exclusion criteria - Donor

    Any of the following would exclude the donor from participating

    Pregnant or lactating

    Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

    A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:

    • Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
    • Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)

    HIV positive

    Hemoglobin S > 50%, or beta thalassemia intermediate


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02038478


Contacts
Contact: Courtney Saltarski, MPH 214-648-7030 courtney.saltarski@UTSouthwestern.edu

Locations
United States, Texas
UT Southwestern Medical Center Recruiting
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Contact: Courtney Saltarski, MPH    214-648-7030    courtney.saltarski@UTSouthwestern.edu   
Principal Investigator: Prapti Patel, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Prapti Patel, MD UT Southwestern Medical Center

Responsible Party: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02038478     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STU 012013-015
First Posted: January 16, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 15, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

Keywords provided by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:
Sickle Cell Disease
Thalassemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Thalassemia
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Hemoglobinopathies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn