Management of Drug Hypersensitivity in Children (DHC)
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The aim of this study is (1) to assess the incidence of suspected drug allergies in a pediatric hospital and the proportion in which these reactions are confirmed to be allergic; (2) to evaluate the diagnostic values of the different allergy tests available; (3) to investigate the pathophysiology of drug allergies, particularly by investigating the role of viruses, and by performing HLA typing and a gene expression profile both in the acute phase of the reaction and 2 months later.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
up to 16 Years (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Children with suspected drug allergies in a pediatric hospital (including ambulatory departments)
Participation will be proposed to any children (0 to 16 years) receiving one or several drug(s) and developing one of the following clinical manifestations: urticaria, maculopapular rash, bullous eruption, flush, anaphylaxis, serum sickness-like disease, SJS, TEN, DRESS or fever linked to drug intake.
Patients will be excluded if the symptoms occur more than 72 hours after any treatment was stopped or if the symptoms are clearly linked to another cause (measles, rubeola, roseola, varicella, fifth disease, Gianotti-Crosti syndrome, scarlet fever, Gibert's pityriasis or food allergy).