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Structure Function Correlation in Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (STR_FN)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02028572
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 7, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 30, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr.ANAND PARTHASARATHY, Dr. Ramesh Hariharan, Vasan Eye Care Hospital

Brief Summary:

Glaucoma is an optic neuropathy characterised by progressive degeneration of retinal ganglion cells and axons that leads to nerve fibre loss, optic disc cupping, and consecutive glaucomatous visual field defects. It is considered to be one of the major causes of blindness worldwide.

It is a well accepted fact least 25 - 40% of retinal ganglion cells need to be lost before statistically detectable visual field defects appear on automated visual field testing, which is also consistent with post-mortem histologic findings in glaucomatous eyes. Since the damage associated with glaucoma is irreversible, and retinal nerve fibre layer loss is considered as an early sign of glaucomatous damage, its early detection and prevention is warranted. Retinal nerve fibre layer studies can be undertaken through non - invasive, reproducible technologies such as optical coherence tomography, scanning laser polarimetry etc.

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the relationship between visual fields and retinal nerve fibre layer thickness as measured by Cirrus spectral domain optical coherence tomography with visual fields by Humphrey Field Analyser (HFA) in early and moderate primary open - angle glaucoma.


Condition or disease
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

Detailed Description:

It is often said that the structural damage due to glaucoma precedes functional loss, it is not always clear in its interpretation. To define, which test shows up the earliest sign of glaucomatous damage would be difficult to predict, since the outcome can be influenced by many factors, such as the sensitivity of the test, inter - individual difference or the stage of the disease process itself. Studies on post-mortem retinal ganglion cells counts and SAP field loss in humans and monkeys lead to an observation that, on an average about 25% retinal ganglion cells loss leads to development of an afferent pupillary defect, 35% loss for visual field defects and 40% loss leads to worsening of visual acuity. It would be safe to state that a) the most important clinical challenge is early detection of glaucomatous damage and progression over a period of time; b) Both structural and functional tests are important in assessing early damage and progression; c) significant damage to the retinal ganglion cells can occur before standard tests detect a functional loss in vision. These have paved the way to the development of many studies on the structure - function correlation and stating linear models for the same. However these studies present a dilemma; is the structure - function relation on glaucoma, a statistical statement (a structural measure will reach significance before a functional test) or relational statement (statistical correlation between the structural and functional tests).

We propose to evaluate the structure - function correlation in early and moderate open - angle glaucoma by assessing the retinal nerve fibre layer thickness by Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography and areas of decreased visual field sensitivity given by Humphrey 24 - 2 Swedish Interactive Threshold Algorithm Standard protocol of automated perimetry and determine any representational or statistical significance, if any between the two tests.


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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 130 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: A Cross Sectional Study of Correlation Between Retinal Nerve Fibre Thickness Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography and Humphrey Visual Fields in Early and Moderate Open Angle Glaucoma
Study Start Date : February 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2014


Group/Cohort
Primary open angle glaucoma
Subjects diagnosed to have primary open angle glaucoma with intraocular pressure > 21 mm Hg and characteristic glaucomatous damage to the optic nerve.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Correlation between retinal nerve fibre layer thickness measured by optical coherence tomography and mean sensitivity, mean deviation as reported by visual fields. [ Time Frame: The subjects shall be studied over an avergae period of 4 weeks from the presentation for the purpose of optical coherence tomography and visual field studies. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Correlation between retinal nerve fibre layer thinning and scotomatous defects in visual fields in primary open angle glaucoma. [ Time Frame: The subjects shall be reviewed over an average period of 4 weeks to obtain the optical coherence tomography and visual field studies. ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Subjects presenting to the glaucoma clinic of a tertiary eye care hospital an diagnosed to have primary open angle glaucoma
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects visiting a glaucoma clinic diagnosed with primary open - angle glaucoma.
  • Subjects should have best corrected visual acuity not less than 6/18.
  • Refractive spherical error within the range of -6.00 dioptres to + 3.00 dioptres and cylindrical error within +/- 2.5 dioptres.
  • Visual fields examination of the subjects demonstrating field defects secondary to glaucomatous damage with mean deviation ranging from -2 to -10 decibels (db).
  • The visual fields of the subjects should be within the reliability criteria (<20% fixation losses, false positives and false negatives).
  • The signal to noise ratio for a reliable Optical Coherence Tomograph - Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer scan shall not be less than 6.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of (H/O) retinal disease or photocoagulation.
  • H/O ocular trauma or surgery except an uncomplicated cataract surgery.
  • H/O other optic nerve disease except glaucoma
  • H/O amblyopia
  • Neurological disease which can affect visual fields.
  • Visually significant cataracts (Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts, > N.S Grade II).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02028572


Locations
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India
Vasan Eye Care Hospital
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, 600015
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vasan Eye Care Hospital
Investigators
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Study Director: Dr.Venkatesh Sugantharaj, MS, DNB Vasan Eye Care Hospital
Principal Investigator: Dr.RAMESH HARIHARAN, MBBS,DNB Vasan Eye Care Hospital

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Dr.ANAND PARTHASARATHY, Dr. Ramesh Hariharan, Resident Ophthalmologist, Vasan Eye Care Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02028572     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GLC-STR-FN
First Posted: January 7, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 30, 2014
Last Verified: December 2014

Keywords provided by Dr.ANAND PARTHASARATHY, Dr. Ramesh Hariharan, Vasan Eye Care Hospital:
Structure function correlation
Optical coherence tomography
Retinal Nerve fibre layer thickness
Visual fields
Primary open angle glaucoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glaucoma
Glaucoma, Open-Angle
Ocular Hypertension
Eye Diseases