Evaluation of the Office on Violence Against Women's Domestic Violence Homicide Prevention Demonstrative Initiative

This study is enrolling participants by invitation only.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Michigan State University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yale University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02021838
First received: December 12, 2013
Last updated: April 8, 2015
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

In collaboration with the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the Office for Violence Against Women (OVW) the Yale University team will evaluate the implementation process and impact of the U.S. Department of Justice's Domestic Violence Homicide Prevention Demonstration Initiative. This evaluation seeks to draw critical findings and potential lessons from the combined experience of the sites including: 1) how the models work in different communities; 2) the barriers and facilitators to implementing the models; and 3) outcomes of the model delivery. The evaluation team will also disseminate the findings with the goal of informing replication.


Condition Intervention
Domestic Violence.
Other: Lethality Assessment Program (LAP)
Other: Domestic Violence High Risk Team (DVHRT)

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Evaluation of the Domestic Violence Homicide Prevention Initiative

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Yale University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Decreased frequency of re-assault [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Decrease in harassment, assault, injury, homicide/mortality


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Increased collaboration between network partners [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Increased information sharing, case planning, coordinated response

  • Increased awareness of and utilization of resources for victims [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Increased safety planning [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Increased safety planning at the time of police intervention

  • Increased victim reported safety [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Increased sanctions for offender [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Sanctions such as pre-trial containment, cases to trial, adjudications, containment post-adjudication


Estimated Enrollment: 4
Study Start Date: January 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Contra Costa County, California
Lethality Assessment Program
Other: Lethality Assessment Program (LAP)
Brooklyn, New York
Domestic Violence High Risk Team
Other: Domestic Violence High Risk Team (DVHRT)
Pitt County, North Carolina
Lethality Assessment Program
Other: Lethality Assessment Program (LAP)
Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Domestic Violence High Risk Team
Other: Domestic Violence High Risk Team (DVHRT)

Detailed Description:

Process Evaluation: The process evaluation will assess: 1) the training and technical assistance provided to sites; 2) the implementation of the models in the communities; and 3) characteristics of the service delivery systems.

Technical Assistance Providers will document the training and technical assistance (TTA) they provide to the sites.

Sites will be asked to identify key stakeholders to participate in interviews before the implementation begins and then two additional times during the demonstration phase. Key informant interviews will assess: recipient's perception of the training and technical assistance; model fidelity; model implementation (including model penetration, barriers and facilitators to implementation); and, perceptions of model impact. In addition to key informant interviews administrative data will be gathered to assess aspects of model implementation and systematic observations of law enforcement initiated screens will be conducted by a member of the evaluation team who will join patrol officers for "ride-alongs".

Impact Evaluation: The impact evaluation will assess changes in: 1) collaboration among service sectors; 2) supervision and sanctions for offenders; 3) recidivism and re-victimization; 4) victim reported feelings of safety; 5) utilization of resources; and 6) nature of safety planning.

System Collaboration will be assessed through a web-based survey completed at three time points by key stakeholders representing all potential partners in the community. Social network analysis will provide a visual depiction of how the network changes over time.

Victim Interviews will be conducted to determine the impact of involvement in the model program on their safety and wellbeing. Victims will be interviewed at three time points and will be asked about: prior and recent contact with law enforcement, domestic violence service providers or other providers; awareness of resources to address IPV; their safety and fear of their partner; coping strategies utilized; social support; financial resources; willingness to utilize criminal justice system and domestic violence service providers; both their and offenders behavior, beliefs and attitudes; self-reported mental health and substance abuse; their report of offenders substance abuse; and demographic information.

Administrative Data will be utilized to examine the breadth of the model implementation; the impact of the model programs on criminal justice processes; and whether there is a connection between the extent of post-risk assessment sanctions and services and the pattern of newly recorded incidents between the victim and offender. The evaluation will compare processing and outcomes across cases that are in many ways similar except that some cases were determined to be high risk and a risk assessment was completed and others where a risk assessment was not conducted. To facilitate these comparisons, the evaluation team will build a comprehensive database that will depict the "life-history" of each victim and offender dyad.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

The study will include all domestic violence offenders and victims within the four demonstration communities.

Criteria

The demonstration sites are:

  • Contra Costa County, Calif.;
  • Brooklyn, N.Y.;
  • Pitt County, N.C.;
  • Cuyahoga County, Ohio;
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02021838

Locations
United States, Connecticut
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06511
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yale University
Michigan State University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Joy S Kaufman, PhD Yale University
Study Director: Christopher Maxwell, PhD Michigan State University
Study Director: Tami Sullivan, PhD Yale University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Yale University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02021838     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ZD-CX-0001
Study First Received: December 12, 2013
Last Updated: April 8, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Yale University:
domestic violence homicide prevention

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 28, 2015