Mucoadhesive Oral Wound Rinse in Preventing and Treating Stomatitis in Patients With ER- or PR-Positive Metastatic or Locally Recurrent Breast Cancer That Cannot be Removed by Surgery Receiving Everolimus

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02015559
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 19, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 26, 2017
Translational Research in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase II trial studies how well mucoadhesive oral wound rinse works in preventing and treating stomatitis in patients with estrogen receptor (ER)- or progesterone receptor (PR)-positive metastatic or locally recurrent breast cancer that cannot be removed by surgery receiving everolimus. Mucoadhesive oral wound rinse may help prevent symptoms of stomatitis, or mouth sores, in patients receiving everolimus.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Estrogen Receptor-positive Breast Cancer HER2-negative Breast Cancer Oral Complications Progesterone Receptor-positive Breast Cancer Recurrent Breast Cancer Stage IIIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIC Breast Cancer Stage IV Breast Cancer Drug: mucoadhesive oral wound rinse Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Evaluate whether use of prophylactic MuGard (mucoadhesive oral wound rinse) in participants being treated with everolimus will reduce the rate of stomatitis.


I. Compare symptoms from mouth sores in patients receiving MuGard compared with those receiving best supportive care.

II. Evaluate the rate of everolimus dose adjustment or therapy discontinuation as a result of stomatitis in participants treated with MuGard prophylaxis versus best supportive care.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive mucoadhesive oral wound rinse orally (PO) as a gentle swish for 30-60 seconds 3-6 times daily beginning on day 1 of everolimus therapy and continuing for up to 6 months in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive no intervention.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up within 7 days.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 66 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Phase II Randomized Trial of Mugard Compared With Best Supportive Care for Prevention and Treatment of Stomatitis in Women With Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancer Initiating Treatment With Everolimus-based Endocrine Therapy.
Study Start Date : October 8, 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 28, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 28, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Everolimus
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (mucoadhesive oral wound rinse)
Patients receive mucoadhesive oral wound rinse PO as a gentle swish for 30-60 seconds 3-6 times daily beginning on day 1 of everolimus therapy and continuing for up to 6 months in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: mucoadhesive oral wound rinse
Given PO
Other Names:
  • MuGard
  • oral mucoadhesive protectant rinse
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
No Intervention: Arm II (no intervention)
Patients receive no intervention.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of grades 1-4 stomatitis assessed using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03 [ Time Frame: Up to 7 days after completion of treatment ]
    Will be estimated and the 95% confidence interval (CI) will also be obtained. Chi-square test will be used to compare the stomatitis rates between the two study arms.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of grade 3/4 stomatitis assessed using CTCAE version 4.03 [ Time Frame: Up to 7 days after completion of treatment ]
    Will be estimated and the 95% CI will also be obtained. Chi-square test will be used to compare the stomatitis rates between the two study arms.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Rate of everolimus dose adjustment or discontinuation related to stomatitis [ Time Frame: Up to 7 days after completion of treatment ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Metastatic or locally recurrent unresectable breast cancer
  • Histological or cytological confirmed ER and/or PR positivity
  • Progression through at least one prior line of endocrine therapy
  • Participant is scheduled to initiate treatment with everolimus combined with exemestane or another form of endocrine therapy
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥>= 8.0 g/dL
  • International normalized ratio (INR) =< 2
  • Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) (or =< 5 X ULN if hepatic metastases are present)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-overexpressing breast cancer by local laboratory testing (immunohistochemistry [IHC] 3+ staining or fluorescent in situ hybridization [FISH] positive)
  • Baseline presence of oral ulcers
  • Prior treatment with everolimus or another mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor (temsirolimus)
  • Patients on warfarin (patients on injectable blood thinners, such as Lovenox, are able to continue those)
  • Patients currently receiving chemotherapy or who have received chemotherapy less than 4 weeks of the start of everolimus (including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, antibody based therapy, etc.)
  • Known impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of oral everolimus
  • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus as defined by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) > 8% despite adequate therapy; patients with a known history of impaired fasting glucose or diabetes mellitus (DM) may be included, however blood glucose and antidiabetic treatment must be monitored closely throughout the trial and adjusted as necessary
  • Patients who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions such as:

    • Unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to start of everolimus, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or any other clinically significant cardiac disease
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure of New York heart Association class III or IV
    • Active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infection, liver disease such as cirrhosis, decompensated liver disease, and chronic hepatitis (i.e. quantifiable hepatitis B virus [HBV]-deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] and/or positive hepatitis B virus surface antigen [HbsAg], quantifiable hepatitis C virus [HCV]-ribonucleic acid [RNA])
    • Known severely impaired lung function (spirometry and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide [DLCO] 50% or less of normal and oxygen [O2] saturation 88% or less at rest on room air)
    • Active, bleeding diathesis
  • Chronic treatment with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents; topical or inhaled corticosteroids are allowed
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity
  • Patients who have received live attenuated vaccines within 1 week of start of everolimus and during the study; patient should also avoid close contact with others who have received live attenuated vaccines; examples of live attenuated vaccines include intranasal influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, oral polio, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), yellow fever, varicella and TY21a typhoid vaccines
  • Patients with a history of non-compliance to medical regimens or who are considered potentially unreliable or will not be able to complete the entire study
  • Patients who are currently part of or have participated in any clinical investigation with an investigational drug within 1 month prior to dosing
  • Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women
  • Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP), defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, must use highly effective methods of contraception during the study and 8 weeks after; highly effective contraception methods include combination of any two of the following:

    • Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or
    • Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)
    • Barrier methods of contraception: condom or occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/ vaginal suppository
    • Total abstinence or
    • Male/female sterilization Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child-bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks prior to randomization; in the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child-bearing potential

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02015559

United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Contact: Parvin Peddi    310-206-8477   
Principal Investigator: Parvin Peddi         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Translational Research in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Parvin Peddi Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Responsible Party: Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT02015559     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TRIO-US B10
NCI-2013-02384 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
TRIO-US B10 ( Other Identifier: JonssonCCC )
P30CA016042 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 19, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 26, 2017
Last Verified: September 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents