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Presurgical Treatment With Letrozole in Patients With Early-stage Breast Cancer.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02010021
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 12, 2013
Results First Posted : December 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 17, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gary Schwartz, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Brief Summary:

Some tumors use estrogen in the body to assist with growth. Letrozole is a drug that is prevents cells from producing estrogens. This should assist with the slowing of growth of tumor cells. Letrozole also promotes cell destruction by inhibiting a cellular destruction pathway.

The objectives of this study will look at the differences between the cellular destruction pathway before and after letrozole use, and the differences in the cellular destruction pathway in participants that have received letrozole versus those who did not. The study will also look at a gene in all participants called Ki67. This gene is associated with the rate of tumor cell growth. The study will measure the levels of Ki67 and compare them to the amount of activation of the cellular destruction pathway.

Participants in this study will have undergone a diagnostic biopsy of their breast tissue.

In order to meet these objectives, one group of participants (Arm A) will not receive letrozole. Tissue leftover from their diagnostic biopsy will be treated with everolimus (RAD001) in the laboratory and the effects of this drug on the cellular destruction pathway will be studied.

The other group of participants (Arm B) will take letrozole for a minimum of 10 and maximum of 21 days. They will have a second tumor sample taken as part of their surgical procedure completed to remove the tumor tissue. Any differences in the cellular destruction pathway before and after exposure to letrozole will be measured.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Letrozole Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

10 subjects received no presurgical therapy, and then 7 subjects received presurgical letrozole.

This is a sequential model because the results from Arm A determined the sample size for Arm B. Tumors from each of the 10 untreated patients in Arm A showed induction of AKT activation with RAD001 treatment. Based on these results, we determined that a sample size of seven patients from Arm B would be adequate to detect a significant effect (p≤0.05) of presurgical Letrozole on RAD001-induced changes in phospho-AKT levels with 80% power (calculated using uncorrected chi-squared statistic).

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Presurgical Treatment With Letrozole in Patients With Early-stage Breast Cancer.
Study Start Date : January 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 8, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 8, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer
Drug Information available for: Letrozole

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: No drug treatment
Post-menopausal women with stage I-III breast cancer will have surgical resection of tumor and tumor tissue will be used to study cell growth signaling pathways ex-vivo.
Active Comparator: Letrozole-presurgical
Patients will receive Letrozole for 10-21 days prior to surgical resection of tumor tissue. This tissue will be used ex-vivo to study cell growth signaling pathway. The results will be compared to arm of the study with no intervention.
Drug: Letrozole
Patients will receive Letrozole for 10-21 days prior to surgical resection of tumor tissue. This tissue will be used ex-vivo to study cell growth signaling pathway. The results will be compared to arm of the study with no intervention.
Other Name: Femara




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Insulin Receptor Substrate 1 (IRS-1) / Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) / Serine-threonine Protein Kinase (AKT) Pathway Activation [ Time Frame: baseline and surgery, approximately 30 days ]
    The Primary Endpoint is to determine the effect of ex vivo mTORC1 inhibition with everolimus (RAD001) on IRS-1/PI3K/AKT pathway activation (as measured by phospho-AKT-T308 and phospho-AKT-S473) in ER+/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)- breast tumors treated with presurgical letrozole compared to ER+/HER2- breast tumors not treated with presurgical therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Ki67 Score [ Time Frame: baseline and surgery, approximately 30 days ]

    The Secondary Endpoint is to compare tumor cell proliferation as measured with the Ki-67 assay in breast cancer specimens taken before and at the time of surgery, comparing specimens of patients treated with presurgical letrozole and specimens of patients who did not receive presurgical letrozole. The secondary endpoint is Ki67 score, as determined by the percentage of Ki67+ tumor cells identified by immunohistochemistry.

    Whole slides were scanned at 40x (Aperio AT2, Leica Biosystems), and automated Ki67 analysis (percent positive nuclei) was determined using the Aperio ImageScope (v12.3.1.60002, Leica Biosystems) nuclear v9 algorithm. As recommended by the International Ki67 in Breast Cancer Working Group, 3 high-power microscopic fields were selected for analysis to represent the spectrum of staining present on the whole tissue section, and a minimum of 500 malignant invasive cells were score




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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic Documentation of invasive breast cancer by core needle or incisional biopsy. Excess baseline biopsy tumor tissue sufficient to make three 5-micron sections must be available for molecular analyses as part of this study.
  • The invasive cancer must be estrogen receptor alpha (ER)-positive, with ER staining present in greater than 50% staining of invasive cancer cells by IHC.
  • The invasive cancer must be human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative (IHC 0-1+, or with a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) ratio of <1.8 if IHC is 2+ or if IHC has not been done).
  • Clinical stage I-III invasive breast cancer with the intent to treat with surgical resection of the primary tumor. Tumor must be ≥ 2cm to provide adequate tissue.
  • Patients with multi-centric or bilateral disease are eligible if the target lesions meet the other eligibility criteria. Samples from all available tumors are requested for research purposes.
  • Women ≥ age 18, for whom adjuvant treatment with an aromatase inhibitor would be clinically indicated. Women must be either post-menopausal, or pre-menopausal having undergone oophorectomy.
  • Patients must meet the following clinical laboratory criteria:

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC)≥ 1000/mm3 and platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm3. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X the upper limit of normal range (ULN). Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 x ULN.

- Ability to give informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior endocrine therapy for any histologically confirmed cancer is not allowed. Prior endocrine therapy that was administered ≥ 5 years ago for the prevention of breast cancer in patients with no history of breast cancer is allowed.
  • Systemic drug treatment to induce ovarian suppression if woman is pre-menopausal.
  • Any other neoadjuvant therapy for breast cancer (i.e., treatment with any other anti-cancer agent besides Letrozole (10-21)days before surgical resection of the primary tumor).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02010021


Locations
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United States, New Hampshire
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03756
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Gary Schwartz, MD Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Gary Schwartz, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center:
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Gary Schwartz, Associate Professor of Medicine, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02010021    
Other Study ID Numbers: D13236
First Posted: December 12, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 19, 2018
Last Update Posted: January 17, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Keywords provided by Gary Schwartz, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center:
breast cancer
postmenopausal
letrozole
RAD001
Everolimus
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Letrozole
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs