Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Doxorubicin-eluting LC Bead M1 for Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (DEBDOX)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02007954
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 11, 2013
Results First Posted : August 11, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 11, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yale University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility and safety of using small beads (70-150 micron in place of 100-300 micron) to deliver chemotherapy into the liver to treat patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The beads (LC-Bead M1) will be loaded with doxorubicin (DEBDOX-M1), and used to administer transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) DEBDOX, loaded with doxorubicin, is a device that utilizes tiny beads (70-150 microns) to deliver chemotherapy agents into liver tumor(s) via the hepatic artery. This device allows for continuous release of doxorubicin into the liver tumor tissue(s) causing necrosis of the targeted tumor(s). The potential advantages of the smaller beads are deeper penetration into the tumor bed, while avoiding premature proximal occlusion of vessels feeding the tumor, and more consistent dosing. Response to therapy will be evaluated monthly by clinic visits and blood tests (to include assessment of liver function and tumor markers) and by imaging (usually MRIs) every 1-2 months. Patients will be on study for 6 months after which they will be exited from the study and followed for survival. Once exited from the study they will continue to be eligible to receive the smaller beads (DEBDOX), should it be recommended.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Device: DEBDOX Phase 2

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Doxorubicin-eluting LC Bead M1 for Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (DEBDOX)
Study Start Date : February 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 11, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : November 18, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Doxorubicin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: DEBDOX Device: DEBDOX
DEBDOX, loaded with doxorubicin, is a device that utilizes beads in place of lipiodol to deliver the chemotherapy into the liver tumor. The device allows for continuous elution of doxorubicin into the liver tumor tissue. The advantages of this method of delivery in comparison to conventional TACE are that the beads are able to deliver a greater volume and concentration of the drugs to the tumor because of their unique ability to elute the drug over a period of several days. As a result of this unique delivery, systemic toxicity is significantly reduced. The potential advantages of the smaller beads are deeper penetration into the tumor bed, while avoiding premature proximal occlusion of vessels feeding the tumor, and more consistent dosing. These properties translate into greater potency of therapy and potentially improved patient survival.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Success of DEBDOX-M1 Procedure as a Measure of Feasibility [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Feasibility is defined as achieving an acceptable level of technical success in the use of DEBDOX-M1 beads treating hepatic lesions in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

  2. Collection of Adverse Events Related to Study Device as a Measure of Safety [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    For safety, all toxicities assessed as being at least possibly related will be analyzed by descriptive statistics to show type, grade (NCI Common Toxicity Criteria v.4 toxicity criteria), frequency and time from DEBDOX-M1TACE.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy - Tumor Response by EASL [ Time Frame: 1 month ]

    Efficacy as assessed by radiographic tumor response using EASL amendment at baseline and at 1 month imaging following TACE treatments.

    Complete Response (CR): Achieving 100% tumor necrosis of lesions targeted by DEBDOX-M1. Baseline degree of tumor enhancement used as a reference.

    Partial Response (PR): Demonstrating greater than 50% tumor necrosis in lesions targeted by DEBDOX-M1.

    Stable Disease (SD): Not meeting requirements for CR or PR and not demonstrating evidence of progression of lesions targeted by DEBDOX-M1.

    Progressive Disease (PD): Reappearance of or increased tumor enhancement greater than 25% in lesions previously targeted by DEBDOX-M1.


  2. Efficacy - Tumor Response by qEASL [ Time Frame: 1 month ]

    Efficacy as assessed by radiographic tumor response using qEASL at baseline and at 1-month imaging following TACE treatments.

    Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of any intratumoral arterial enhancement in all target lesions.

    Partial Response (PR): At least a 65% decrease in the sum of enhancing tissue volume of the lesions.

    Stable Disease (SD): Any cases that do not qualify for complete response, partial response, or progressive disease.

    Progressive Disease (PD): an increase of at least 73% in the sum of enhancing tissue volume of the lesions.


  3. Efficacy - Tumor Response by mRECIST [ Time Frame: 1 month ]

    Efficacy as assessed by radiographic tumor response using modified RECIST (mRECIST) criteria at baseline and at 1-month imaging following TACE treatments.

    Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of any intratumoral arterial enhancement in all target lesions Partial Response (PR): At least 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of viable target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum of the diameters of target lesions Progressive Disease (PD): At least 20% increase in the sum of diameters of viable target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum of diameters of viable target lesions since treatment started Stable Disease (SD): Any cases that do not qualify for either PR or PD.


  4. Efficacy - Number of Patients Downstaged or Bridged to Surgical Interventions [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The number of patients who underwent a liver transplantation following treatment on this protocol.

  5. AFP Tumor Marker Pre- and Post-treatment [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    The change in alpha-fetoprotein tumor marker levels pre- and post-treatment with one DEBDOX-M1 TACE procedure.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Exploratory Endpoint - Pharmacokinetic (PK) Profile of Doxorubicin and Doxorubicinol Post DEBDOX-M1 TACE [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]

    PK analysis of doxorubicin and its metabolite doxorubicinol post DEBDOX-M1 in the first 10 patients enrolled on protocol including peak plasma concentration (Cmax).

    Time points assessed in protocol were pre-dose, and then 5min, 20min, 40min, 1hr, 2hr, and 24hr post administration of 50-100mg doxorubicin.


  2. Exploratory Endpoint - Total Drug Exposure Over Time (AUC) of Doxorubicin and Doxorubicinol Post TACE [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    Total drug exposure over time (AUC) of doxorubicin and its metabolite doxorubicinol post DEBDOX in the first 10 patients enrolled on protocol. Time points assessed in protocol were pre-dose, and then 5min, 20min, 40min, 1hr, 2hr, and 24hr post administration of 50-100mg doxorubicin..

  3. Exploratory Endpoint - Tmax of Doxorubicin and Doxorubicinol Post DEBDOX-M1 TACE [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    Time taken to reach maximum concentration (Tmax) of doxorubicin and its metabolite doxorubicinol post DEBDOX-M1 in the first 10 patients enrolled on protocol. Time points assessed in protocol were pre-dose, and then 5min, 20min, 40min, 1hr, 2hr, and 24hr post administration of 50-100mg doxorubicin..



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. The patient has preserved liver function (Child-Pugh A-B class) without significant liver decompensation.
  2. The patient has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 at study entry.
  3. The patient is age 18 years or older.
  4. The patient has a life expectancy of > 12 weeks.
  5. The patient has measurable or evaluable disease that will be directly treated with intrahepatic therapy (as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1).
  6. The patient has adequate hematologic function as defined by the following criteria:

    • An absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/micro L,
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.5 g/dL, and a
    • Platelet count ≥ 50,000/micro L.
  7. The patient has adequate hepatic function, as defined by the following criteria:

    • Total bilirubin </= 3.0 mg/dL
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) </= 8 x the upper limit of normal (ULN).
  8. The patient has adequate renal function, as defined by the following criteria:

    • Serum creatinine </= 2.0 x the institutional ULN
  9. The patient has a baseline international normalized ratio (INR) < 1.5.
  10. The patient, if a woman of childbearing potential, has a negative pregnancy test.
  11. The patient is able to give written informed consent.
  12. The patient is willing and able to comply with study procedures, scheduled visits, and treatment plans.
  13. Patients with early stage HCC may be included in the protocol to receive DEBDOX-M1 prior to resection

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. The patient has a history of another primary cancer (ie, a primary cancer not associated with the patient's current liver tumor), with the exception of (a) curatively resected nonmelanomatous skin cancer; (b) curatively treated cervical carcinoma in situ; or (c) other primary solid tumor treated with curative intent, no known active disease present, and no treatment administered during the last 3 years prior to enrollment (date of informed consent).
  2. The patient is receiving concurrent treatment with other anticancer therapy, including other chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, radiotherapy, chemoembolization, targeted therapy, or an investigational agent.
  3. The patient has extrahepatic, metastatic, symptomatic HCC. Enlarged reactive lymph nodes, or indeterminate lesions, such as lung nodules are acceptable.
  4. The patient's tumor has replaced >70% of the liver volume.
  5. The patient has clinically significant ascites. Trace ascites on imaging is acceptable.
  6. Marco-shunting noted on the hepatic angiogram.
  7. The patient has untreatable bleeding diathesis.
  8. The patient has complete main portal vein thrombosis with reversal of flow.
  9. The patient has a left ventricle ejection fraction of less than 45%.
  10. The patient has evidence of clinically significant peripheral vascular disease.
  11. The patient has clinically significant or symptomatic extrahepatic disease, for example, an uncontrolled inter-current illness including, but not limited to:

    • Ongoing or active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure (class II to IV of the New York Heart Association classification for heart disease)
    • Unstable angina pectoris, angioplasty, stenting, or myocardial infarction within 6 months
    • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg, found on 2 consecutive measurements separated by a 1-week period despite adequate medical support)
    • Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia (multifocal premature ventricular contractions, bigeminy, trigeminy, ventricular tachycardia that is symptomatic or requires treatment [NCI-CTCAE Grade 3] or asymptomatic sustained ventricular tachycardia)
    • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would compromise patient safety or limit compliance with study requirements
  12. There is evidence of substance abuse or medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study or evaluation of study results.
  13. The patient is pregnant or breast-feeding.
  14. The patient is allergic to contrast media that cannot be readily prevented with premedication or managed.
  15. The patient has extra-hepatic, metastatic, and symptomatic HCC.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02007954


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Maryland
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yale University
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Jeff Geschwind, MD Johns Hopkins University
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Yale University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02007954    
Other Study ID Numbers: J1306
NA_00077927 ( Other Identifier: JHMIRB )
First Posted: December 11, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 11, 2017
Last Update Posted: August 11, 2017
Last Verified: July 2014
Keywords provided by Yale University:
HCC
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases