The Role of Inflammasome in Inflammatory Macrophage in Mycobacterium Avium Complex-lung Disease and Mycobacterium Abscessus-lung Disease
- To investigate the inflammasome response of inflammatory and resting macrophage derived from healthy human participants by stimulation using MAC or MAB bacilli.
- To compare the difference of inflammasome response of inflammatory macrophage by MAC/MAB bacilli stimulation between MAC/MAB-LD patients and the colonizers.
- To study the diagnostic aid from immunological markers in inflammasome response in inflammatory macrophage stimulated by MAC/MAB.
To Investigate the Inflammasome Response of Inflammatory and Resting Macrophage
To Compare the Difference of Inflammasome Response of Inflammatory Macrophage
To Study the Diagnostic Aid From Immunological Markers in Inflammasome Response
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The Role of Inflammasome in Inflammatory Macrophage in Mycobacterium Avium Complex-lung Disease and Mycobacterium Abscessus-lung Disease|
- survival [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- the amount of cytokine released by inflammatory macrophage [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
patients without MAC/MAB lung disease and colonization
MAC/MAB colonization group
patients with pulmonary MAC/MAB colonization
MAC/MAB lung disease group
Patient with MAC/MAB lung disease
Lung disease (LD) due to nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) becomes an important clinical concern, because the incidence and prevalence of NTM-LD have increased over the last decade. Among the NTM-LD in Taiwan, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and M. abscessus (MAB) are the most frequent pathogenic species. Because MAC and MAB exist in the environment ubiquitously, clinical relevance of MAC isolated in sputum is only around 35~42%, and that of MAB is around 33%. According to the guideline of the American Thoracic Society, the diagnosis of MAC-LD and MAB-LD is based on clinical, radiographic, and mycobacteriologic criteria. For microbiology criteria, two or more sets of positive sputum mycobacterial culture for the same NTM species within one year is required. Actually, mycobacteria culture is neither timely nor efficient, which needs weeks to wait the results, especially for the slowly growing NTM. Moreover, the nucleic acid amplification method cannot discriminate true NTM infection and solely colonization because airway NTM colonization is not uncommon. Therefore, diagnosis of true NTM-LD is a big challenge in clinical practice. However, to early diagnose and then start treatment of NTM-LD is important because NTM-LD may be rapid lethal in critical status or in patients without early proper treatment. Hence, more rapid and accurate diagnostic test should be developed.
The body inflammatory markers are probably indicators for differentiating true NTM-LD from pulmonary colonization and interferon-gamma (IFN-g) play a critical role in protective immunity to mycobacterial infections. However, serum IFN-g poorly correlated with diagnosis of NTM-LD and possibly due to the hosts with attenuated cellular immunity and the presence of IFN-gamma inhibitor. By contrast, macrophages are the first-line defense while mycobacterial bacilli enter through airway and may play an important role while MAC/MAB infection. Macrophages can be polarized to inflammatory type and promotes type 1 immunity. In addition, inflammatory macrophages can react through inflammasome to defense intracellular mycobacteria. However, the inflammasome responses in inflammatory macrophages are rarely investigated in MAC-LD and MAB-LD, either for the defense mechanism or its diagnostic aid for disease form colonization. The investigators therefore conduct an in-vitro inflammatory macrophage stimulation using MAC or MAB bacilli to observe the difference of inflammasome response between MAC/MAB patients, colonizers, and controls.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02005094
|Contact: Chin-Chung Shu, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|National Taiwan University Hospital||Recruiting|
|Taipei, Taiwan, 100|
|Contact: Chin-CHung Shu, MD 886-972653087|
|Principal Investigator:||Chin-Chung Shu, MD||National Taiwan University Hospital|