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Efficacy and Safety Study to Evaluate Two Doses of Oral DMI-5207 in Adult Subjects With Diabetic Macular Edema

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02002403
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 5, 2013
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto

Brief Summary:

The drug being tested in this study is low doses of Optina (formerly known as Danazol) (DMI-5207) that may be an effective treatment for diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema (DME). Laboratory studies have demonstrated that low doses of this drug may treat diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema by two important ways, decreasing blood vessel permeability (related to leaking and edema) and by decreasing the formation of new leaky blood vessels. Optina is not approved by Health Canada for the treatment of diabetic macular edema but higher doses of Optina are approved by Health Canada for treatment of endometriosis (growth of cells similar to those that form inside of the womb that grows outside of the womb) and fibrocystic breast disease (a condition of the breast tissue). Higher doses of Optina have also been approved in the United States and many other countries since the mid-1970s in the treatment of men and women with hereditary angioedema (a disease which causes swelling in parts of the body) in addition to endometriosis and fibrocystic breast disease in women.

All of the Optina doses that will be used in the current study are less than half of the typical starting doses for the approved indications. This can be compared to "high-dose" aspirin that is used to treat, for example, headache, while low-dose "baby aspirin" is used to reduce blood clotting. Similarly, Optina has two different effects at high and low dose. The low doses for this study have been selected based on the laboratory studies mentioned above.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and effectiveness of low doses of Optina in the treatment of macular edema due to diabetes, and also to test if it helps to slow the development of macular edema.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetic Macular Edema Drug: Danazol Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Treatment Group, Double-Masked Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Two Doses of Oral DMI-5207 in Adult Subjects With Diabetic Macular Edema
Study Start Date : January 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Edema
Drug Information available for: Danazol

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Experimental: Optina Low Dose
Optina, 15 mg orally, twice daily
Drug: Danazol
Other Name: Optina

Experimental: Optina - High Dose
Optina, 45 mg orally, twice daily
Drug: Danazol
Other Name: Optina

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. OCT [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Change in Central Macular Thickness (CMT), measured by time-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), from baseline to study endpoint at 12 weeks of study treatment compared to placebo

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. ETDRS BCVA [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Change in Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline to study endpoint after 12 weeks of study treatment compared to placebo

  2. Retinal volume [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Change in center subfield retinal volume as measured by OCT from baseline to study endpoint after 12 weeks of study treatment compared to placebo.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient has provided informed consent
  2. Male or female 18 years or older with Type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus [defined as a selfreport of diabetes accompanied by treatment (insulin or diet) or a history of fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0mmo/l (126mg/dl) or 2-hr plasma glucose ≥11.1mmo/l (200mg/dl)]
  3. Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days prior to randomization and must agree to utilize a reliable form of effective contraception (hormonal or barrier method; abstinence) throughout the study and for 90 days after the last dose of study medication. Childbearing potential is defined as women who have had menses within the past 12 months, who have not had tubal ligation or bilateral oophorectomy [Note: subjects using contraceptive methods containing progesterone (including a progesterone IUD) for 90 days prior to randomization or planning to use progesterone contraceptive methods (including a progesterone IUD) during the study drug treatment period are not eligible for enrollment.] Should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  4. Enrollment in this study is contraindicated for pregnant or lactating women. Thus, female subjects who are postmenopausal without a menstrual period for ≥12 months, surgical sterility, not pregnant and not breast feeding for 90 days prior to randomization can be enrolled.
  5. At least one eye meets the study eye criteria for inclusion in the study (see Study Eye Inclusion Criteria, below)
  6. HbA1c less than or equal to 10%
  7. Stable diabetic and metabolic control (no major changes in diabetic or lipid reducing medications for 3 months prior to start of this study as determined by the Investigator)
  8. Blood pressure ≤160/90 mm Hg (in cases where either, or both of the systolic or diastolic limits are exceeded, blood pressure can be re-measured after 10 minutes rest period for inclusion in the study)

Study Eye Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Best corrected Early Treatment Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual acuity letter score of ≥24 (i.e., 20/320 or better) and ≤78 (i.e., 20/32 or worse) within 28 days of randomization
  2. Definite retinal thickening due to diabetic macular edema involving the center of the macula on clinical exam in the opinion of the Investigator
  3. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) central subfield ≥300 microns within 28 days of randomization
  4. Media clarity, pupillary dilation, and subject cooperation sufficient for adequate fundus photographs
  5. Assessment by the treating ophthalmologist that focal photocoagulation can be deferred safely for 16 weeks
  6. Fellow eyes meeting these criteria at enrollment may also be designated "study eyes"; thus, some patients will have two study eyes and other patients will only have one study eye

Exclusion Criteria:

Study level exclusions:

  1. Known allergy to any danazol (Cyclomen® or Danocrine®, Sanofi-Aventis) or any other non-medicinal component of the danazol test drug (cornstarch, red iron oxide, black iron oxide, gelatin, lactose, magnesium stearate, talc and titanium dioxide). Note: lactose intolerance is not a contraindication to ingesting the small amount of lactose contained in oral medications.
  2. History of systemic (e.g., oral, intra-venous, intra-muscular, sub-cutaneous, intra-uterine, epidural, bursal, or implanted) androgens, progesterone or corticosteroids (including topical ophthalmic corticosteroids preparations within 4 months prior to randomization. Topical non-ophthalmic corticosteroids are not an exclusion.
  3. Carcinoma of the breast
  4. Prostate cancer
  5. Androgen-dependent tumor
  6. Undiagnosed abnormal genital bleeding
  7. Genital neoplasia
  8. Currently taking warfarin (coumadin), carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital cyclosporin or tacrolimus
  9. Females who are pregnant or planning pregnancy in the 6 month period after randomization. [Note: Enrollment in this study is contraindicated for pregnant or lactating women]
  10. Females breast feeding or breast feeding in the 90 days prior to randomization [Note: Enrollment in this study is contraindicated for pregnant or lactating women]
  11. Use of any hormonal therapies including Hormone Replacement Therapy and contraceptive medications that contain progesterone within 3 months before randomization (NOTE: patients on pure estrogen or estradiol replacement therapy can be enrolled in the study)
  12. Unstable cardiovascular disease or a history of significant heart disease (including unstable angina, acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, or history of coronary revascularization procedure) within 6 months before randomization
  13. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in the study (e.g., unstable medical status including blood pressure and glycemic control). Patients in poor glycemic control who, within the last 3 months, using a new type of insulin (for example, changing to or adding a short acting insulin from a longer-acting insulin), or increased the daily dose ≥50%, initiated intensive insulin treatment such as an insulin pump or additional daily injections or plan to do so in the next 3 months should not be enrolled
  14. Significant hepatic disease (defined as aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase or alkaline phosphatase, more than twice the upper limit of normal)
  15. Renal disease (defined as serum creatinine ≥2.5 mg/dl, history of renal transplant, or undergoing dialysis at screening)
  16. Changes in anti-hypertensive medication within 3 months before randomization (except for dosage adjustments that are considered minor in the opinion of the Investigator)
  17. Major surgery (e.g. head and neck, chest, abdomen, gastrointestinal, genitourinary or central nervous system) within past 28 days or anticipated in the next 6 months
  18. History of acute intermittent porphyria, any thrombosis or thromboembolic disease or pseudotumor cerebri
  19. Participation in an investigational trial within 30 days of study entry that involved treatment with any drug that has not received regulatory approval at the time of study entry
  20. Patient is expecting to move out of the area of the clinical center during the next 6 months

Study eye exclusions:

  1. Macular edema considered to be due to a cause other than diabetic macular edema, e.g., cataract extraction, vitreous-retinal interface disease (a taut posterior hyaloid or epiretinal membrane)
  2. An ocular condition is present such that, in the opinion of the investigator, visual acuity would not improve from resolution of macular edema (e.g., foveal atrophy, closure of juxtafoveal capillaries, dense subfoveal hard exudates)
  3. An ocular condition (other than diabetic retinopathy) that, in the opinion of the investigator, might affect macular edema or alter visual acuity during the course of the study, e.g., vein occlusion, uveitis or other ocular inflammatory disease, Irvine-Gass Syndrome, etc.
  4. Substantial cataract that, in the opinion of the investigator, is likely to interfere with ocular measurements or evaluations during this study
  5. History of treatment for DME at any time in the past 3 months (such as focal/grid macular photocoagulation, intravitreal or peribulbar corticosteroids, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs, or any other treatment)
  6. History of panretinal scatter photocoagulation (PRP) within 4 months prior to randomization or anticipated need for PRP in the 6 months following randomization
  7. History of major ocular surgery (including cataract extraction, scleral buckle, any intraocular surgery, etc.) within prior 6 months or anticipated within the next 6 months following randomization
  8. History of yttrium argon yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) capsulotomy performed within 2 months prior to randomization
  9. Uncontrolled glaucoma (in investigator's judgment) in the study eye
  10. Aphakia

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02002403

Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto
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Principal Investigator: Shelley R Boyd, MD, FRCSC St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto

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Responsible Party: St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto Identifier: NCT02002403    
Other Study ID Numbers: DMILS-RX09-001
First Posted: December 5, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 6, 2013
Last Verified: November 2013
Keywords provided by St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto:
Macular Edema
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Estrogen Antagonists
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Macular Edema
Signs and Symptoms
Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Estrogen Antagonists