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Comparison of Postoperative Adjuvant Chemotherapy With/Without Rh-endostatin on Non-small Cell Lung Cancer in PhaseⅠB

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02001168
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 4, 2013
Last Update Posted : December 4, 2013
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Liu Chunling, Xinjiang Medical University

Brief Summary:
  • Lung cancer is one of causes of the malignant tumor-associated death on a global scale, in which the surgery is the only effective approach in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). As present, the total postoperative 5-year survival rate of NSCLC is 40%, while only 4%~15% patients can benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy[1]. American National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) manual recommends that adjuvant chemotherapy can be performed on NSCLC patients in phase Ⅱ~ⅢA.
  • In order to assure the necessity of adjuvant chemotherapy on NSCLC patients in phase ⅠB or which kind of patients would benefit from it after the establishment of new staging, a multi-subject group of lung cancer set up a perspective, randomized, open clinical trial to explore whether adjuvant chemotherapy was effective on NSCLC patients in phase ⅠB under new staging policy, and to collect the characteristics of patients who could benefit from the treatment and the better adjuvant drugs after operation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: Pemetrexed Drug: Docetaxel Drug: rh-Endostatin Drug: Cis-platinum Phase 3

Detailed Description:
  • In postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, navelbine plus platinum (NP), the most commonly used therapeutic protocol, had more advantages than other 3 generations of new drugs plus platinum. With the continuous implementation of individual therapies for lung cancer, some new drugs became selective to pathological patterns and gene types, and it was unclear whether these drugs would be more effective than conventional drugs in postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. The first- and second-generation of drugs were not observed with survival advantages except the third generation, so what conclusion would be made in selecting individual chemotherapeutic drugs according to pathological patterns? In this study, Pemetrexed plus Platinum were adopted in postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy on patients with adeno-carcinoma, while Docetaxel plus Platinum were performed on those with non-adeno-carcinoma.
  • Apart from individual chemotherapy on the basis of different pathological patterns, anti-angiogenesis therapy has been quickly developed in recent years, becoming the most effective approach to improve chemotherapeutic efficacy. The main mechanism of anti-angiogenesis drugs includes inhabiting tumor angiogenesis to postpone or inhabit the recurrence of residual tumor through reconstructing the balance of anti-angiogenesis and preventing the growth of micro-metastasis to keep it in resting stage. The effect of adjuvant chemotherapy can be promoted by increasing the drug sensitivity, and survival time can be prolonged though further delaying the time and decreasing the rate of postoperative recurrence and metastasis of tumor by anti-angiogenesis therapy combined with adjuvant chemotherapy. As more attentions are increasingly given to anti-angiogenesis drugs in postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy at present, Endostar, an anti-angiogenesis drug studied independently in China, had favorable effect in treating advanced lung cancer when combined with chemotherapy. Therefore, this study protocol to gather the effect of Endostar on improving the survival of early lung cancer patients by observing its effect on partial NSCLC patients in treatment group when combined with other therapies.
  • A total of 392 NSCLC patients in phase ⅠB were selected in this perspective, randomized, open and control clinical trial, in which 262 and 130 patients served as research and control groups respectively by 2:1. Patients 4-8 weeks after operation were divided according to different high risk factors. A total of 4-week different chemotherapies (21 d as a course) were given to patients with different pathological patterns in research group, in which adeno-carcinoma group and non-adeno-carcinoma group were treated by Pemetrexed plus Cis-platinum and Docetaxel plus Cis-platinum, respectively. Then, above two groups were randomly divided into two subgroups respectively by 1:1, with subgroup 1 being treated with original chemotherapies while subgroup 2 being added with rh-Endostatin therapy.
  • High risk factors included poor differentiation (including neuro-endocrine carcinoma), blood vessel invasion, wedge incision, tumor diameter >4 cm, visceral pleura involvement, ambiguous N staging and incisal edge <1 cm.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 392 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Comparison of Postoperative Adjuvant Chemotherapy With/Without Rh-endostatin: a Randomized, PhaseⅢ and Open Clinical Study of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer in PhaseⅠB
Study Start Date : October 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pemetrexed &Cis-platinum
Pemetrexed d1+Cis-platinum , d1, 21 d as a cycle.
Drug: Pemetrexed
Pemetrexed 500 mg/m2, d1, 21 d as a cycle.
Other Name: Alimta

Drug: Cis-platinum
Cis-platinum 60mg/m2, d1, 21 d as a cycle.
Other Name: Platinol

Experimental: Pemetrexed & Cis-platinum & rh-Endostatin
Pemetrexed d1+Cis-platinum , d1; rh-Endostatin d1-14; 21 d as a cycle.
Drug: Pemetrexed
Pemetrexed 500 mg/m2, d1, 21 d as a cycle.
Other Name: Alimta

Drug: rh-Endostatin
rh-Endostatin 7.5mg/m2 d1-14; 21 d as a cycle.
Other Name: Endostar

Drug: Cis-platinum
Cis-platinum 60mg/m2, d1, 21 d as a cycle.
Other Name: Platinol

Experimental: Docetaxel & Cis-platinum
Docetaxel 60mg/m2 d1+Cis-platinum 60mg/m2, d1, 21 d as a cycle.
Drug: Docetaxel
Docetaxel 60mg/m2 d1+Cis-platinum 60mg/m2, d1, 21 d as a cycle.
Other Name: Taxotere

Drug: Cis-platinum
Cis-platinum 60mg/m2, d1, 21 d as a cycle.
Other Name: Platinol

Experimental: Docetaxel & Cis-platinum & rh-Endostatin
Docetaxel + Cis-platinum + rh-Endostatin,21 d as a cycle.
Drug: Docetaxel
Docetaxel 60mg/m2 d1+Cis-platinum 60mg/m2, d1, 21 d as a cycle.
Other Name: Taxotere

Drug: rh-Endostatin
rh-Endostatin 7.5mg/m2 d1-14; 21 d as a cycle.
Other Name: Endostar

Drug: Cis-platinum
Cis-platinum 60mg/m2, d1, 21 d as a cycle.
Other Name: Platinol




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease free survival [ Time Frame: Patients will be followed up for 5 years ]
    Disease free survival (DFS)is defined as the time during randomized inclusion to disease recurrence or death.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse reactions of adjuvant chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Patients will be followed up for 5 years ]
    Adverse reactions of adjuvant chemotherapy: gastrointestinal response, bone marrow suppression, hepatic and cardiovascular toxicity, weight loss, neural toxicity and concurrent infection. The classification was decided based on CTCAE v3.0 made by American National Cancer Institute (NCI) in 2003. OS: from the time of randomized inclusion to death caused by any factors.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are diagnosed with NSCLC pathologically and T stage is T2a in postoperative pathological staging. No lymph node and distant metastasis are observed and the surgical methods include wedge incision, segmentectomy of right lung or lobe.
  • Age: 18~70 years
  • ECOG PS score: 0-1 score
  • patients who are diagnosed with the high risk factors as follows: poor differentiation (including low differentiation, undifferentiation and neuro-endocrine differentiation), blood vessel invasion, wedge incision, tumor diameter >4 cm, visceral pleura involvement, incomplete clear of lymph node and incisal edge <1.0 cm.
  • Patients who are diagnosed without tumor recurrence before adjuvant chemotherapy.
  • Informed consent is signed.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with unexpected pathological patterns or those have received new adjuvant chemotherapy.
  • Patients with other active malignant tumor history beside NSCLC before treatment except non-melanoma skin cancer, primary cervical cancer and cured early prostate cancer.
  • Patients who are with chemotherapeutic contraindications, such as white blood count <4.0×109/L, blood platelet count <80×109/L or severe anemia (Hb<80 g/L); obvious liver dysfunction (increased transaminase or bilirubin >2.5 folds of normal level); un-manageable hypertension, diabetes, arrhythmia, repeated heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases that could influence ventilation function; active stage of diseases infected by bacteria, fungi and virus; or patients who are in pregnancy and lactation periods.
  • Patients who are un-recovered and poor with chemotherapy after 8-week treatment, or have received above 8-week treatment before treatment.
  • Patients who are in poor obedience or other improper symptoms.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02001168


Locations
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China, Xinjiang
Cancer Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University
Urumqi, Xinjiang, China, 830011
Sponsors and Collaborators
Xinjiang Medical University
Investigators
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Study Director: Pang Zuoliang, Postgraduate Cancer Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University
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Responsible Party: Liu Chunling, Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical University, Xinjiang Medical University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02001168    
Other Study ID Numbers: XinjiangMU
First Posted: December 4, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 4, 2013
Last Verified: November 2013
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Docetaxel
Pemetrexed
Cisplatin
Endostatins
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors