EC17 for Intraoperative Imaging for Parathyroidectomy
Primary hyperparathyroidism is a significant medical and public health problem in the world and affects approximately 100,000 new patients in the United States alone. If left untreated this can lead to renal stones, osteoporosis, fatigue, and depression. The best treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism is surgical parathyroidectomy. However surgical parathyroidectomy can be difficult due to the variant location of the parathyroid glands. Up to 5% of patients leave the operating room without surgical cure.
Primary hyperparathyroidism is an ideal disease to investigate intraoperative fluorescent imaging. This would allow surgeons to identify the parathyroid glands and resect the suspicious parathyroid glands. Folate receptor (FR) has been found to be over-expressed in parathyroid tissue and not thyroid issues. An ideal surgical treatment would combine FR-specific fluorescent tracers with intraoperative imaging. It is important to note that FR is expressed only in the proximal tubules of the kidneys, activated macrophages, and in the choroidal plexus. Thus, the false positive detection rate is expected to be extremely low.
A group well known to us in the Netherlands has completed a pilot study utilizing a folate-FITC conjugate in 12 patients with ovarian cancer. Another group of investigators in Mayo have subsequently performed this study on 20 more patients without any serious adverse events (personal communication). They report excellent sensitivity and specificity with this technique with only grade 1 side effects (allergic reaction). All side effects reversed when the injection was halted. Patients with a history of allergic reactions to insect bites should not participate (fluorescein is derived from the firefly insect, folate is an essential vitamin).
A fluorescent contrast agent (folate-FITC or EC17) will be used to determine if it will localize to the primary tumor nodule(s) or mass(es) of patients undergoing parathyroid surgery.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||A Pilot & Feasibility Study of the Imaging Potential of EC17 in Subjects Undergoing Parathyroidectomy for Primary Hyperparathyroidism.|
- The ability of EC17 and the imaging system to detect FRA positive tumors during surgery conducted 2-4 hours post EC-17 administration. [ Time Frame: Within two to four hours of injection of EC17 ]
- The number of participants that will have an adverse reaction to EC17 [ Time Frame: Day 1-Day 30 ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||February 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||November 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: EC17 Injection Group
The group will receive a single dose of EC17, infused over 10 minutes, prior to surgery. Then, during surgery, the EC-17 will be imaged with a camera that the investigators have developed.
Other Name: Folate- FITC
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01996072
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104|
|Principal Investigator:||Sunil Singhal, M.D.||University of Pennsylvania|