Colchicine Or Naproxen Treatment for ACute gouT (CONTACT)
Gout is the most common cause of inflamed joints affecting 1.4% of adults in the UK. Most patients are treated entirely in general practice yet primary care management is frequently suboptimal. Acute attacks of gout are excruciatingly painful and require urgent drug treatment to reduce inflammation, most commonly with antiinflammatory drugs(NSAIDs) or colchicine. In primary care, NSAIDs are most commonly used but can cause serious side effects such as stomach ulcers and heart disease, particularly in the elderly. Patients frequently require repeat prescriptions for recurrent attacks of acute gout increasing the risk of drug-related side-effects. Low-dose colchicine is popular amongst rheumatologists as it is effective and well tolerated. However, general practitioners (GPs) prescribe colchicine infrequently, probably because in the past the recommendation was for high doses to be prescribed which commonly caused severe diarrhoea. Recently, prescribing recommendations for colchicine have changed, advocating a lower dose regime.
Currently there is no evidence regarding whether NSAIDs or low-dose colchicine is the best treatment for acute gout. This trial will be the first direct comparison of the effectiveness and side effects of a NSAID (naproxen) and low-dose colchicine to treat acute gout in primary care. Naproxen will be used in this trial because it has been shown to be as effective as oral prednisolone for the treatment of acute gout, is safer than other commonly used NSAIDs such as diclofenac and indomethacin, and is inexpensive.
Patients consulting their GP with an acute attack of gout in up to 100 general practices will be invited to participate. Treatment success will be assessed by comparing pain reduction between the two drugs. The trial will also monitor side effects, quality of life, and cost effectiveness.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Multi-centre, Open-label, Active-comparator, Pragmatic Clinical Trial of Low-dose Colchicine Versus Naproxen in Patients With Acute Gout.|
- Change in pain intensity [ Time Frame: Days 0-7, 4 weeks ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2014|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Low-dose colchicine
500 mcg every eight hours for four days
Drug: Low-dose colchicine
Route of Administration: Tablet - Oral Use
Dose: 500 mcg (one tablet) every eight hours for four days
Other Name: Colchicine 500 mcg
Active Comparator: Naproxen
Single initial dose of 750 mg followed by 250 mg every eight hours for up to seven days
Drug: Naproxen 750 mg/250 mg
Route of Administration: Tablet - Oral Use
Dose: Single initial dose of 750 mg (three tablets) followed by 250 mg (one tablet) every eight hours for up to seven days
Gout is the most prevalent inflammatory arthritis. It is largely managed in primary care but treatment is often suboptimal. Acute gout causes attacks of excruciating joint pain requiring rapid treatment. In primary care, treatment is most frequently with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) which are effective but have frequent gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and renal side-effects, particularly in the elderly. Oral colchicine has been used to treat acute gout for many years although high-doses can cause intolerable gastrointestinal side-effects. Low-dose colchicine is thought to be as effective and better-tolerated and is now recommended by the British National Formulary. However, there has been no direct comparison of NSAID and low-dose colchicine for acute gout.
This pragmatic randomised trial will compare the effectiveness of low-dose colchicine (500 mcg three times every eight hours) and naproxen (750 mg immediately followed by 250 mg every eight hours) for reducing pain in adults aged 18 years and over consulting their GP with acute gout, recruited from up to 100 general practices. People experiencing their first attack of gout or a recurrent attack will be eligible to participate. However, all patients registered with each participating practice who have consulted with gout in the preceding two years will be mailed a letter of invitation and Participant Information Sheet informing them that the trial is taking place and encouraging them to consult their GP if they experience an attack of acute gout. Eligibility assessment, informed consent, randomisation, baseline data collection and prescription will be performed when the patient consults in primary care with acute gout. Outcome measures will be collected via self-complete questionnaires at days 1-7 (daily diary), and 4 weeks. The primary outcome measure will be change in worst pain intensity in the previous 24 hours measured daily over days 0-7. Secondary outcome measures include side-effects, time to treatment response, patient global assessment of response to treatment, adherence to treatment, use of other medications for pain relief, and cost. A sample size of 200 patients per treatment arm provides 90% power to detect a minimum clinically important treatment effect of a small standardised effect size of 0.3 between the treatment groups.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01994226
|Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom|
|Study Chair:||Ed Roddy||Cheif Investigator|