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Pilot Study of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in Area LC for Chronic Tinnitus

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01988688
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 20, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 18, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Paul Larson, University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
This study will test the safety and effectiveness of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for patients with a big or very big problem with tinnitus (a sensation of noise in the head).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Tinnitus Device: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This is a single institution, open-label, phase I clinical trial to estimate the treatment effect size and to assess preliminary safety and tolerability of DBS in the caudate nucleus (area LC) in adults with a big or very big problem (tinnitus functional index TFI>50) with chronic tinnitus. Up to 10 subjects will be implanted. The DBS stimulation parameters are patient-specific and will be allowed to vary over the course of the treatment periods, calibrated by the TFI. During Period I, stimulation will be continuous. During Period II, there will be three stimulation OFF/ON epochs, where the stimulation will be turned OFF and then turned back ON when the tinnitus loudness returns to a certain level (based on a change in the TFI score). During Period III, stimulation will be "on demand," i.e. controlled by the subject and determined by subject preference. An important goal is to determine whether tinnitus can be controlled through optimization of stimulation parameters.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)in Area LC for Chronic Tinnitus
Actual Study Start Date : January 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Tinnitus

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Bilateral DBS placement in area LC
Bilateral DBS placement in area LC. Devices include Medtronic Activa DBS model 3387 and 3389; Medtronic DBS extension; Medtronic Activa PC or Activa RC neurostimulator; Medtronic Patient Programmer; Medtronic Test Stimulator; Medtronic N/Vision Clinician Programmer
Device: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) bilaterally in area LC.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI) score change [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Between Baseline and Period I, Week 24

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   22 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Men and women between the ages of 22 and 75 years. Subjective, unilateral or bilateral, non-pulsatile tinnitus of 1 year's duration or greater.

Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI) score greater than 50. Tinnitus unresponsive acoustical and behavioral therapies. Prospective subjects must have received at least one acoustical (masker, hearing aid, Neuromonics®) or behavioral therapy (cognitive behavioral, directive counseling, tinnitus retraining therapy) to be eligible for study enrollment, but partial response to conventional therapy does not exclude a prospective subject if the individual meets the TFI > 50 study participation threshold.

Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) ≥ 26. Subjects of child-bearing potential using an appropriate form of birth control acceptable to the research team and with a negative urine pregnancy test or has undergone sterilization procedure.

Capacity to give informed consent. English-speaking.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients experiencing tinnitus related to untreated retrocochlear lesion, or other known anatomic/structural lesions of the ear or temporal bone.

Patients with hyperacusis or misophonia (hypersensitivity to loud noises). Hearing loss of moderately severe or greater severity in either ear. History of seizure disorder or currently under treatment for seizure disorder. Patients with cardiac pacemakers, intracardiac lines, implanted medication pumps, implanted electrodes in the brain, other intracranial metal objects with the exception of dental fillings, or any other contraindication for obtaining a MRI scan.

Patients with an acute or chronic unstable medical condition which, in the opinion of the PI, would require stabilization prior to or preclude DBS surgery.

Patients with any active ear disease that, in the opinion of the PI, needs to be further evaluated.

Patients with psychiatric symptoms that, in the opinion of the study team, are not adequately treated or would interfere with study activities.

Any psychiatric co-morbidity that may complicate the interpretation of study results.

Pregnancy. Currently breast-feeding. Patients with tinnitus related to Workman's Compensation claim or litigation-related event.

Patients taking any medication(s), in the opinion of the PI, that is (are) deemed to be etiologically related to the development of tinnitus.

Preoperative neurophychological evaluation that indicates either of the following:

Dementia - Using DSM-IV criteria of memory impairment and at least one of the following: aphasia, apraxia, agnosia or disturbances in executive functioning. The cognitive impairments must be severe enough to cause impairment in social and occupational functioning and must represent a decline from a previously higher level of functioning. The diagnosis of dementia will not be made if the cognitive deficits occur exclusively during the course of a delirium.

Cognitive impairment (z < -1.5) in multiple domains without dementia (i.e. patient is functionally intact), but in the opinion of the study team would not or could not comply with study requirements.

Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) > 29, indicating severe depression. Patients with a history of claustrophobia that would interfere with MRI or surgery.

Active alcohol and/or drug dependence or history of alcohol and/or ETOH dependence within the last year.

Any medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigators, confounds study results or places the subject at greater risk.

Unable to provide informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01988688

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United States, California
San Francisco Veterans' Administration Medical Center
San Francisco, California, United States, 94121
Sponsors and Collaborators
Paul Larson
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Principal Investigator: Paul Larson, MD San Francisco VA Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Steven Cheung, MD San Francisco VA Medical Center
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Paul Larson, Principal Investigator, University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01988688    
Other Study ID Numbers: DBS Tinnitus
First Posted: November 20, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 18, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Keywords provided by Paul Larson, University of California, San Francisco:
deep brain stimulation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hearing Disorders
Ear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Sensation Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases