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Study of Safety and Effectiveness of Intravenous Immunization With PfSPZ Vaccine in Healthy African Adults

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01988636
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 20, 2013
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2019
Malaria Research and Training Center, Bamako, Mali
Sanaria Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )

Brief Summary:


- Malaria is caused by small germs carried by mosquitoes. People can get malaria if an infected mosquito bites them. Malaria destroys red blood cells and reduces oxygen in the blood. Most malaria is mild, but severe malaria kills at least 660,000 people each year. About 75% of these are children in Sub-Saharan Africa, most under age 5. Researchers want to find a safe vaccine that helps prevent malaria.


- To see if a new malaria vaccine is well tolerated and effective.


- Healthy adults 18 35 years old who are not pregnant and live in Mali.


  • Participants will be screened with medical history, physical exam, and blood test. They will also have an ECG. Soft electrodes will be stuck to the skin. A machine will record the heart s electrical signals.
  • Study participation will last about 1 year.
  • Participants will be randomly placed in 5 groups. Some will get 2 doses of the PfSPZ vaccine weeks apart; some will get 3 or 5 doses of vaccine; some will get 3 or 5 doses of placebo.
  • Doses will be given through a needle in the arm directly into the bloodstream. Then participants must stay at the clinic for 2 hours.
  • After each dose, participants will return to the clinic several times for blood tests and physical exam.
  • A week before the first dose and 2 weeks after the last, participants will take a full course of anti-malaria drugs.
  • If a participant gets malaria during the study, they will take another course of anti-malaria drugs.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malaria Biological: PfSPZ Vaccine Drug: Placebo Phase 1

Detailed Description:

For decades it is known that humans can be protected against malaria by repeated immunization with radiation-attenuated sporozoites. Traditionally, those sporozoites are administered by exposing the vaccinee to at least 1000 bites of sporozoite-infected irradiated mosquitoes, an approach that is unsuitable for mass vaccination campaigns. Recently, Sanaria Inc. 1 has developed a process for manufacturing, in compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMPs) aseptic, purified, radiation attenuated cryopreserved sporozoites from a wellcharacterized isolate of P. falciparum. This product, which is called PfSPZ Vaccine, can be administered by needle and syringe. Previous studies conducted by the Vaccine Research Center, National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Navy have established that IV administration of PfSPZ Vaccine can induce sterile protection against controlled human malaria infection (CHMI) with a homologous strain of P. falciparum in up to 100% of malaria na(SqrRoot) ve individuals.

The next logical step is to test the safety and immunogenicity of PfSPZ Vaccine in malaria experienced individuals. As an exploratory objective, this study will collect initial data to find out if the vaccine can protect against naturally occurring infection. Here, we propose a randomized double blind controlled trial to assess the safety and immunogenicity of IV administration of PfSPZ Vaccine in African adults.

Subjects will be recruited from a rural village in Mali. The study will be conducted as collaboration among the Malaria Research and Training Center (MRTC, Mali), the Laboratory of Malaria Immunology and Vaccinology (LMIV) National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), and Sanaria, Inc. Group 1 (n=12), will receive 135,000 PfSPZ Vaccine, followed by 270,000 PfSPZ Vaccine 2 weeks later for safety purposes. An independent Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) will determine whether it is safe to proceed with 270,000 PfSPZ Vaccine.

At Study Week 4, Group 4 (n=50) will receive their first of 5 doses of 270,000 PfSPZ Vaccine given at 4, 8, 12, 16, and 24 weeks, alongside Group 5 (n=50) receiving a similar volume placebo. Safety data will be collected at defined time points after each immunization. From Week 28 until Week 48 all subjects will be monitored for parasitemia detected by slide microscopy every 14 days and by passive case detection.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 296 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Assessment of Safety and Immunogenicity of Intravenous Immunization With Radiation Attenuated Plasmodium Falciparum NF54 Sporozoites (PfSPZ Vaccine) in Healthy African Adults
Study Start Date : October 29, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 20, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : August 20, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria Vaccines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1
Pilot Safety Group- 135000 PfSPZ + 270000 PfSPZ; staggered at Day 0 and 2 weeks
Biological: PfSPZ Vaccine
Aseptic, purified, vialed, cryopreserved, radiation attenuated NF54 p.falciparum sporozoites produced by Sanaria, Inc.

Active Comparator: Group 4
Group to start at week 4 after Group 1 is deemed safe - 5 immunizations of 270000 PfSPZ at weeks 4, 8, 12, 16 and 24
Biological: PfSPZ Vaccine
Aseptic, purified, vialed, cryopreserved, radiation attenuated NF54 p.falciparum sporozoites produced by Sanaria, Inc.

Placebo Comparator: Group 5
Group to receive placebo at same points as Group 4 - 5 immunizations of normal saline at weeks 4, 8, 12, 16 and 24
Drug: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assess the safety of repeated IV immunizations with PfSPZ Vaccine [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

The subject must satisfy all the following criteria to be eligible for the study:

  1. Signed informed consent form (ICF)
  2. Aged 18 to 35 years
  3. Long term resident of study site (living there for at least 4 years)
  4. Willingness to remain resident in the village and to abstain from travel for prolonged periods during the study
  5. Willingness to undergo an HIV test and other tests needed for determining exclusion. (In case of a positive test, the clinician will issue a referral letter to the participant to guide him/her to HIV specialist care for appropriate management and follow up).
  6. Willingness to take a curative anti-malarial regimen when prescribed by the investigator
  7. Willingness to provide blood for safety data.
  8. For females: agreement to use reliable contraception (in the setting where this trial takes place documented depot injection of contraceptives, surgical sterilization ; or an implanted device (all with written evidence provided by an appropriately trained physician) is considered reliable contraception) for the duration of the vaccination phase (i.e., from 1 month prior to first vaccination until 1 month after last vaccination)
  9. For females: negative pregnancy test at screening and before each vaccination; women found pregnant will not be given subsequent doses but will be followed up for safety reasons


  1. Use of antimalarials (other than that prescribed by the investigator) or systemic antibiotics with known antimalarial activity within 30 days prior to the first vaccine dose (e.g. Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole, Doxycycline, Tetracycline, Clindamycin, Erythromycin, Fluoroquinolones, or Azithromycin)
  2. Receipt of an investigational product in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned receipt during the study period
  3. Prior receipt of a malaria vaccine candidate
  4. Recurrent, severe infections other than malaria, and chronic (more than 14 days) immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months (inhaled and topical steroids are allowed)
  5. Use of immunoglobulins or blood products within 3 months prior to enrolment
  6. A history of allergic disease or significant reactions against mosquito bites
  7. Known allergies or contraindications against Artemether/Lumefantrine, or

    Atovaquone/Proguanil, such as:

    1. Concurrent medication with Neuroleptics, Antidepressants (i.e., Imipramine, Amitryptilline, Clomipramine and others), Drugs used to treat tuberculosis, including Rifampicin and Rifabutine, Macrolide antibiotics (i.e., Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Azithromycin, Roxitromycin), Fluoroquinolones (i.e., Ciprofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Levofloxacin), Antimykotics (i.e., Ketoconazole, Itraconazole), Cimetidine, Class IA and class III antiarrhythmics (i.e., Quinidine, Ajmalin, Disopyramid, Amiodaron, Sotalol), Flecainid, Metoprolol, Cisaprid, Terfenadin, Astemizole, and Metoclopramide
    2. Renal impairment
    3. Symptoms of low potassium, and/or low magnesium
    4. A family history of sudden cardiac death, which in the opinion of the investigator was caused by a pre-existing arrhythmia
    5. Known diagnosis or family history of long QT syndrome
    6. Heart disease (i.e., heart failure, arrhythmias)
  8. History of cancer (except basal cell carcinoma)
  9. History of serious psychiatric condition that may affect participation in the study
  10. If female: currently pregnant, lactating and / or breast-feeding
  11. Any other serious chronic illness requiring hospital specialist supervision such as diabetes mellitus type 2.
  12. Suspected or known current alcohol abuse as defined by an alcohol intake of greater than 60 g per day
  13. Suspected or known injecting drug abuse in the 5 years preceding enrolment
  14. Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immune modulating disorder (i.e., asplenia, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, vasculitis, sclerodermia, diabetes mellitus)
  15. Hematuria, proteinuria, glucosuria as detected by urine dip stick above the levels defined in Appendix F
  16. Any clinically significant abnormalities on a 12 lead ECG
  17. Seropositive for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  18. Seropositive for Hepatitis C virus (antibodies to HCV)
  19. Seropositive for HIV
  20. Seropositive for Syphilis
  21. Sickle cell trait carriage or sickle cell disease
  22. Any clinically significant abnormal finding on biochemistry or hematology blood tests, urinalysis or clinical examination
  23. Any other significant disease, disorder or finding which, in the opinion of the investigator, may significantly increase the risk to the subject because of participation in the study, affect the ability of the subject to participate in the study or impair interpretation of the study data.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01988636

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University of Bamako
Bamako, Mali
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Malaria Research and Training Center, Bamako, Mali
Sanaria Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Sara A Healy, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT01988636    
Other Study ID Numbers: 999914010
First Posted: November 20, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2019
Last Verified: August 20, 2015
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):
Double Blinded
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Vector Borne Diseases