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Effects of Niacin On Fatty Acid Trapping (NOFAT)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified April 2017 by Richard Dunbar, University of Pennsylvania
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01984073
First Posted: November 14, 2013
Last Update Posted: May 1, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Arizona Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Richard Dunbar, University of Pennsylvania
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to understand whether a vitamin called NIcotinic ACid vitamIN (NIACIN for short, also known as vitamin B3) helps the body process dietary fat more efficiently. This is important because people with dyslipidemia have a problem with how they process fat, which raise the risk of heart disease.

Condition Intervention Phase
Dyslipidemia Drug: ER Niacin Oral Fat Challenge Drug: IR Niacin Oral Fat Challenge Other: Placebo Oral Fat Challenge Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Effect of Niacin On Fatty Acid Trapping

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Richard Dunbar, University of Pennsylvania:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Plasma Triglycerides [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 hour post dose ]
    Plasma Triglycerides (TGs) after oral fat challenge will be measured to assess post-prandial lipidemia after niacin and placebo. Parameters of interest are the area under the curve (AUC), time to peak (t-max), and peak concentration (c-max). The relevant units will be mg.h/dl for plasma triglyceride AUC, minutes for time to peak plasma TG and mg/dl for c-max.


Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: December 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: ER Niacin Oral Fat Challenge
ER Niacin (Niaspan) 2000mg one hour prior to Oral Fat Challenge using fresh cream at a dose of 50 g fat per square meter of body surface area. This is followed by frequent plasma and urine collections for next 12 hours to assess markers of fat metabolism and inflammation.
Drug: ER Niacin Oral Fat Challenge
Extended release niacin 2000 mg at hour 0, followed by oral fat challenge at hour 1.
Other Name: Niaspan
Active Comparator: IR Niacin Oral Fat Challenge
Immediate-Release Niacin (Nialor) 500 mg one hour prior to Oral Fat Challenge and again 1, 3 and 5 hours after the oral fat load for a total dose of 2 grams.Subjects will undergo plasma and urine collections for 12 hours to assess markers of fat metabolism and inflammation.
Drug: IR Niacin Oral Fat Challenge
Nialor(R) 500mg or Placebo at hour 0, 2, 4, and 6. Oral fat challenge at hour 1 (one hour after first dose of immediate-release niacin)
Other Name: Nialor
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Oral Fat Challenge
Placebo one hour before and 1,3, and 5 hours after oral fat load using heavy cream at 50 grams of fat per square meter of body surface area. Plasma and urine collections for 12 hours
Other: Placebo Oral Fat Challenge
Placebo at hour 0. Oral fat challenge at hour 1, followed by placebo at hours 2,4,and 6

Detailed Description:

This study includes three phases, which each have a separate purpose. At this time, we are only recruiting for Phase 2. The purpose of this particular phase is to measure the effects of niacin after drinking a glass of heavy cream as a source of fat. We hope that studying the way the body responds will help us better understand how niacin works.

In this study, we are interested in niacin's ability to lower triglycerides, or fat in the blood. We are studying two different forms of niacin and comparing them to each other. The two forms differ in how long they take to release niacin into the bloodstream. The first form is called Nialor, and is sometimes called immediate-release niacin because it is absorbed into the bloodstream quickly. The second form is called Niaspan, and is sometimes called extended-release niacin because it is a time-released spansule that takes longer to get into the bloodstream. We are comparing the two forms because we think that the time that it takes to absorb niacin may affect how it works. We also want to understand one of the common effects of niacin: skin flushing. Most people who take niacin experience flushing, which is a hot flash. In this study, we are studying whether the two forms of niacin cause different degrees of flushing. Niaspan is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat unfavorable cholesterol levels and prevent heart attacks in those who have already suffered heart attacks. Nialor is available over the counter as a supplement and contains Silymarin (milk thistle) and Policosanol (an extract from sugar cane) in addition to niacin.

  Eligibility

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Ages Eligible for Study:   22 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Meet protocol defined criteria for atherogenic dyslipidemia phenotype
  • Men and non-pregnant, non-lactating women between the ages of 22 and 75
  • Fasting triglycerides <500 mg/dL
  • Ability to understand and agree to informed consent
  • Willingness to comply with study-related procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Dysbetalipoproteinemia
  • History of extreme triglyceridemia (TG >500 mg/dL) or pancreatitis from triglyceridemia, regardless of whether it is currently controlled
  • LDL >190 mg/dL
  • History of chronic renal insufficiency (serum creatinine >2.0 mg/dL)
  • History of non-skin malignancy within the previous 5 years
  • Subject reported history of HIV
  • Uncontrolled thyroid disease
  • Hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin >2.5 mg/dL)
  • Exposure to an investigational drug within 6 weeks prior to the screening visit
  • Any major active rheumatologic, pulmonary, or dermatologic disease or inflammatory condition
  • Major surgery within the previous 6 weeks
  • Subjects who have undergone any organ transplant
  • History of drug abuse within the past 3 years, or regular alcohol use >14 drinks per week
  • Women who are breast-feeding
  • Women who are pregnant by urine pregnancy test at each visit
  • Serious or unstable medical or psychological conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the subject's safety or successful participation in the study
  • Change in statin dose within 6 weeks of the first experimental visit
  • Use of the following non-statin lipid-altering therapy within 6 weeks of the first experimental visit: Niacin > 100 mg/day (Niacor, Slo-Niacin, Niaspan, Advicor, or supplemental niacin), Fibrates [gemfibrozil (Lopid), fenofibrate (Antara, Lofibra, Tricor, Triglide)], Enterically active drugs [colestipol (Colestid), cholestyramine (Questran), colesevelam (Welchol), ezetimibe (Zetia, Vytorin)], Red yeast rice, Fish oil (Omacor, numerous supplements)
  • Use of medications indicated for the treatment of diabetes within 6 weeks of the screening visit
  • Known intolerance or contraindication to niacin (e.g., moderate to severe gout, severe peptic ulcer disease)
  • Medical condition that would prohibit fasting (e.g., diagnosis of insulinoma or postabsorptive hypoglycemia)
  • Significant disinclination to dairy products (e.g., lactose intolerance, inviolable dietary restrictions)
  • History of anaphylactic reaction
  • For indocyanine green substudy: iodine allergy or shellfish allergy (n.b. a subject with an allergy can participate in the overall experiment, but will forego the indocyanine green tracer study)
  • Donation of blood 8 weeks and/or treatment with medications for psychiatric disorders
  • Hemoglobin <10 g/dL
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01984073


Contacts
Contact: Laura J Pollan, MPH 215-615-4740 pollan@mail.med.upenn.edu

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Contact: Laura J Pollan, MPH    215-615-4740    pollan@mail.med.upenn.edu   
Principal Investigator: Richard L Dunbar, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Daniel J Rader, MD         
Presbyterian Hospital Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Contact: Laura J Pollan, MPH    215-615-4740    pollan@mail.med.upenn.edu   
Principal Investigator: Richard L Dunbar, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Daniel J Rader, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Arizona Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richard L Dunbar, MD University of Pennsylvania
  More Information

Responsible Party: Richard Dunbar, Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01984073     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NOFAT
K23HL091130 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: November 7, 2013
First Posted: November 14, 2013
Last Update Posted: May 1, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Richard Dunbar, University of Pennsylvania:
Atherogenic dyslipidemia phenotype

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Niacin
Niacinamide
Nicotinic Acids
Dyslipidemias
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Hypolipidemic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Vasodilator Agents
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs