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Ultrasound Evaluation of Bone Age in Healthy Children

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01980693
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified April 2013 by Clalit Health Services.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : November 11, 2013
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Clalit Health Services

Brief Summary:

Skeletal maturity assessment, defined also as bone age (BA), has an important role in pediatrics and pediatric endocrinology, used mainly for evaluating growth and puberty related endocrine disorders. Repeated BA assessment is important during the follow up of children with short stature, with precocious puberty and those treated by growth promoting medications.

The most commonly used method used for determining skeletal maturity, and thus BA is based on comparison of a hand and wrist radiographs to a standard series of representative films in the "Radiographic atlas of skeletal development of the hand and wrist" by Greulich and Pyle (GP), which has been issued several decades ago. The suggested method in this study is based on ultrasound technology, and therefore it is quick, objective, and radiation-free. It delivers an immediate non biased result without the need to rely on an observer's evaluation of the hand radiograph and without the need for a specialized radiology facility.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Evaluation of Bone Age by Ultrasound Technology Device: SonicBone ultrasound Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Skeletal maturity assessment, defined also as bone age (BA), has an important role in pediatrics and pediatric endocrinology, used mainly for evaluating growth and puberty related endocrine disorders. Repeated BA assessment is important during the follow up of children with short stature, with precocious puberty and those treated by growth promoting medications.

The most commonly used method used for determining skeletal maturity, and thus BA is based on comparison of a hand and wrist radiographs to a standard series of representative films in the "Radiographic atlas of skeletal development of the hand and wrist" by Greulich and Pyle (GP), which has been issued several decades ago. Among the disadvantages and drawbacks in this BA assessment method are: the obligatory need for using radiology units that are often available only in special facilities or hospitals, not available at the physicians office, the exposure to ionizing radiation, and the known limitation of the method for the need of an endocrinologist to assess the BA, with a known large inter observers variability of the BA interpretation.

The suggested method in this study is based on ultrasound technology, and therefore it is quick, objective, and radiation-free. It delivers an immediate non biased result without the need to rely on an observer's evaluation of the hand radiograph and without the need for a specialized radiology facility.

This technique was innovated in order to find an efficient, convenient and non radiation based method of skeletal maturity assessment for the primary care physician that can be performed in an office setting.

The aim of this study is to establish a new bone age database by an ultrasound apparatus (SonicBone) that will eventually replace the X-ray based assessment using Greulich and Pyle and Tanner & Whitehouse Atlas and methods.

The design of the study is to perform a concomitant skeletal maturation assessment by reading of an ultrasound technique using the SonicBone apparatus. Skeletal maturation assessment will be performed in females and males at various age groups from 4-17 years old.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Cohort Study to Investigate the Relationship Between Ultrasound Apparatus Results (SonicBone's BAUS) and Skeletal Maturity Status (Bone Age) Among Healthy Children and Adolescence
Study Start Date : June 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Ultrasound

Arm Intervention/treatment
bone age assessment by ultrasound
The aim of this phase is to collect the ultrasound reading values of Speed of Sound (SOS) and Distance (DIS) of all participants by performing a one time measurement of the left hand by the SonicBone's BA device. Each measurement will be performed on three sites of the hand: the wrist the phalanx and the metacarpal bones.
Device: SonicBone ultrasound
The device measure BA using ultrasound technology by measurement of speed of sound in three different sites : wrist bones, Phalanx III, Metacarpal bones.The device sends a short US pulse and measures the distance between a transmitter probe and a receiver probe, located at the bone measured area.The US probe converts electrical pulse to US pulse and US wave via tested bone arrives from transmitter to Receiver. Simultaneously with US pulse, controller start timer to calculate time between US pulse and the moment that US wave arrives to receiver. The accepted US signal of selected probe via amplifiers arrives to comparators that read timer value. The microcontroller calculates SOS using distance between probes and US time of flight.
Other Names:
  • SonicBone BA
  • SonicBone Medical




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. bone age [ Time Frame: 2 years ( 2013-2014) ]
    The aim of this study is to establish a new bone age database by an ultrasound apparatus (SonicBone) that will eventually replace the X-ray based assessment using Greulich and Pyle and Tanner & Whitehouse Atlas and methods.

  2. bone age [ Time Frame: 2 years (2013-2014) ]

    To establish by an ultrasound apparatus (SonicBone's BAUS) a skeletal maturity (Bone Age) status database which corresponds with healthy children and adolescence.

    To establish a conversion formula by an ultrasound apparatus results (SonicBone BAUS) for prediction of bone age assessment of healthy children and adolescence.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. bone age [ Time Frame: 2 years (2013-2014) ]
    To investigate the pattern of skeletal maturation and ossification order of the three examined sites: Phalanx, Metacarpal and Wrist



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Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Children aged 4-17 years old Children with normal (3%-97%) height values for their age Children with normal (3%-97%) weight values for their age Children with normal (5%-85%) BMI value for their age Children of Caucasian ethnical origin A signed Informed Consent Form that was obtained from at least one parent or legal guardian, prior to ultrasound study.

An assent from the child to perform the SonicBone's BA device measurement

Exclusion Criteria:

Children taking any medication that might change bone metabolism or mineralization within the last year (glucocorticosteroids, sex steroids, oral contraceptives, anticonvulsants, calcium and vitamin D in superphysiological doses) Children with suspected bone diseases, metabolic diseases, chronic diseases or multiple fractures.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01980693


Contacts
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Contact: Cohen Av Herman, MD 972-3-9398200 hermanc@post.tau.ac.il

Locations
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Israel
Pediatric Community Ambulatory Clinic Recruiting
Petah-Tikva, Israel
Contact: Cohen Herman, MD    972-3-9398203    hermanc@post.tau.ac.il   
Principal Investigator: Cohen Herman, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Clalit Health Services
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Herman Av Cohen, MD Clalit Health Services