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LDX and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI in Menopausal Women

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
C. Neill Epperson, University of Pennsylvania Identifier:
First received: October 30, 2013
Last updated: May 2, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
This study seeks to assess the effects of lisdexamfetamine (trademark name: Vyvanse; LDX) on executive function and prefrontal cortex activation in menopausal women ages 45-57, who report subjective cognitive difficulties. This protocol will recruit women from Dr. Epperson's ongoing study, Protocol #812470, to examine the impact of LDX on brain activation during performance of cognitive tasks specifically probing prefrontal cortex function.

Condition Intervention Phase
Menopause Brain Activity Cognition Drug: Lisdexamfetamine Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Utilizing fMRI to Determine the Effects of Vyvanse® on Memory, Attention, and Brain Activity in Menopausal Women

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by C. Neill Epperson, University of Pennsylvania:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Effects of LDX on brain activation during tasks of sustained attention and working memory [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    To assess the effects of LDX on gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate levels as well as brain activation patterns in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of menopausal aged women during tasks that utilize working memory and sustained attention. Cognitive domains such as attention, concentration, organization, planning, working memory, initiation of appropriate actions and inhibition of inappropriate actions are considered executive functions. This study will assess the extent to which GABA levels and brain activation patterns in menopausal women differ when treated with LDX versus placebo. We will consider these findings in light of the literature regarding stimulant treatment effects on brain activation in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Effects of LDX on performance of cognitive tasks [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    To assess the extent to which the effects of LDX on brain activation patterns are correlated with improvement in cognitive symptoms as reported by Brown Attention Deficit disorder (BADDS) scores and performance on cognitive tests measuring memory and sustained attention.

Enrollment: 14
Study Start Date: December 2011
Study Completion Date: April 2014
Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Lisdexamfetamine
Lisdexamfetamine or Vyvanse
Drug: Lisdexamfetamine
The overall objective of this study is to assess the effects of LDX on brain activation patterns during tasks of sustained attention and working memory in menopausal women.
Other Name: Vyvanse®
Placebo Comparator: Sugar Pill
Placebo pill, capsules


Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Have no previous or present history of a DSM-IV psychiatric or substance dependence disorder within the previous year, according to the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnosis- DSM-IV (SCID)-Non-Patient Version;
  2. Are within 5 years of last menstrual period (LMP);
  3. Have a follicular stimulating hormone level (FSH) of 20 IU/ml;
  4. Are able to give written informed consent;
  5. Must have clear urine toxicology screen upon recruitment;
  6. Are fluent in written and spoken English;
  7. Are right-handed;
  8. Negative urine pregnancy test if still menstruating.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Mini-mental status exam score of less than or equal to 24;
  2. Presence of a psychiatric disorder within previous year or a life time history of ADHD or psychotic disorder including bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder, and schizophrenia;
  3. Lifetime history of drug addiction or abuse, except nicotine;
  4. Regular use of other psychotropic medication;
  5. Regular use (more than once a week) of alcohol that is less than 3 drinks/day;
  6. Presence of a contraindication to treatment with stimulant medication unless the condition is controlled with medication; this would include the presence of uncontrolled hypertension, coronary disease, atrial fibrillation, and arrhythmia;
  7. History of seizures;
  8. History of cardiac disease including known cardiac defect or conduction abnormality;
  9. Abnormal electrocardiogram during screening;
  10. Use of estrogen therapy within previous 2 months;
  11. Current pregnancy or planning to become pregnant;
  12. Metallic implant;
  13. Claustrophobia.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01977625

United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania, Penn Center for Womens Behavioral Wellness
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
Principal Investigator: C. Neill Epperson, M.D. University of Pennsylvania
  More Information

Responsible Party: C. Neill Epperson, Principal Investigator, University of Pennsylvania Identifier: NCT01977625     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 814735
Study First Received: October 30, 2013
Last Updated: May 2, 2014

Keywords provided by C. Neill Epperson, University of Pennsylvania:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents processed this record on June 23, 2017