Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Prospective, Multicentric, Phase II Randomized Controlled Trial on Two Parallel Groups Comparing the Efficacy of Two Immunosuppressive Drugs (Methotrexate, Cyclophosphamide) in Large Granular Lymphocytes Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01976182
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2018 by Rennes University Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : November 5, 2013
Last Update Posted : August 29, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rennes University Hospital

Brief Summary:

LGL leukemia represents a rare subtype of chronic T or NK lymphoproliferative disorders. It is an indolent disease, the main hematological or autoimmune complications lead to a treatment in more than 60% of patients.

Investigators set up at the University Hospital of Rennes, a database of more than 300 patients with LGL leukemia from major French services that support this disease, and published in 2010 the largest series of patients in the world (n = 229). However, the limited heterogeneity and retrospective data collected, as all previously released, makes it difficult the proposal of consensual treatment options. If first and second line treatments are based on the use of immunosuppression with methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, or cyclosporin A, no molecule has proven superiority over others. Methotrexate and cyclophosphamide are mainly used in the first line. Invetigators just have in the literature data on about 100 patients treated with either of these drugs. Combining the results of our series with those in the literature, invetigators estimate the respective overall response rate (RG) and complete response rate (CR) in 55% and 30% for methotrexate, and 60% and 50% for cyclophosphamide.

Thus, there are four objective in this study :

  1. to compare the respective efficacies of methotrexate and cyclophosphamide when administered as first-line therapies in patients suffering from T/NK LGL leukemia with severe neutropenia or neutropenia associated with infections, and/or anemia requiring transfusions, and/or auto-immune associated disease
  2. to evaluate the percentage of patients refractory to methotrexate or cyclophosphamide for which a second line treatment is efficacious
  3. to explore, in case of non-response to the first-line therapy, the efficacy of ciclosporine A, the comparison being performed with the treatment which was not administered in the first-line therapy
  4. to evaluate the response rate according to the phenotypic subtype of LGL leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Large Granular Lymphocytes Leukemia Drug: Methotrexate Drug: Cyclophosphamide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Large Granular Lymphocyte (LGL) leukemia is a clonal disorder involving tissue invasion of marrow, spleen and liver. Clinical presentation is dominated by recurrent infections associated with neutropenia, anemia, splenomegaly, and auto-immune diseases, particularly rheumatoid arthritis. Both T cell and NK cell subtypes of LGL leukemia are indolent disease and considered as a chronic illness and lead to a treatment in more than 60% of patients.

LGL leukemia displays a chronic clinical course. Recommendations regarding therapy are similar for both subtypes. Indications for treatment include 1) severe neutropenia (ANC <500 mm3); 2) neutropenia (ANC <1500mm3) with symptomatic recurrent infections; 3) symptomatic or transfusion-dependent anemia and 4) associated autoimmune conditions requiring therapy, most often rheumatoid arthritis.

There is no standard treatment for patients with LGL leukemia. The numerous case reports published do not provide a consensus for a particular treatment. All the six largest series published in the literature so far (collecting data on more than 40 patients) are retrospective.

Immunosuppressive therapy remains the foundation of treatment including single three agents i.e. methotrexate, oral cyclophosphamide and ciclosporin A. However prospective trials involving large numbers of patients have not been performed and no molecule has proven superiority over others.

Invetigators set up at the University Hospital of Rennes, a database of more than 300 patients with LGL leukemia from major French services that support this disease, and published in 2010 the largest series of patients in the world (n = 229). However, the limited heterogeneity and retrospective data collected, as all previously released, makes it difficult the proposal of consensual treatment options. Combining the results of our series with those of the literature, invetigators estimate that overall response rate and complete response rate are 55% and 30% with methotrexate, 60% and 50% with cyclophosphamide, and 55% and less than 20% with ciclosporine A, respectively.

Thus, there are four objective in this study :

  1. to compare the respective efficacies of methotrexate and cyclophosphamide when administered as first-line therapies in patients suffering from T/NK LGL leukemia with severe neutropenia or neutropenia associated with infections, and/or anemia requiring transfusions, and/or auto-immune associated disease
  2. to evaluate the percentage of patients refractory to methotrexate or cyclophosphamide for which a second line treatment is efficacious
  3. to explore, in case of non-response to the first-line therapy, the efficacy of ciclosporine A, the comparison being performed with the treatment which was not administered in the first-line therapy
  4. to evaluate the response rate according to the phenotypic subtype of LGL leukemia.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 110 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective, Sequential Multiple Assignment, Multicentric, Phase II Randomized Controlled Trial on Two Parallel Groups Comparing the Efficacy of Two Immunosuppressive Drugs (Methotrexate, Cyclophosphamide) in Large Granular Lymphocytes Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date : November 26, 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Leukemia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: METHOTREXATE

In step 1, 55 patients will receive methotrexate 10mg / m² orally once a week, (at split doses of 5 mg/m2 in the morning and 5 mg/m2 at night), that is to say 2 tablets of 2.5 mg at each take

In step 2, responders at Month 4 (CR or PR) will be treated during 8 additional months with methotrexate at the same dosage.

Non responders at Month 4 will be randomized and treated either by:

  • Cyclophosphamide delivered at 100 mg orally once daily, that is to say 2 tablets of 50 mg at each take between Month 5 and Month 8, decreased to 50 mg orally once daily beyond Month 8 for responders at Month 8;
  • Ciclosporine A delivered at 3 mg/kg per day (at split doses of 1.5 mg/kg in the morning and 1.5 mg/kg at night) orally administered.
Drug: Methotrexate
methotrexate 10mg / m² orally once a week, (at split doses of 5 mg/m2 in the morning and 5 mg/m2 at night), that is to say 2 tablets of 2.5 mg at each take, during 4 months.

Active Comparator: CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE

In step 1, 55 patients will receive cyclophosphamide 100 mg orally once daily, that is to say 2 tablets of 50 mg at each take.

In step 2, responders at Month 4 (CR or PR) will be treated during 8 additional months with cyclophosphamide (at 50 mg orally once daily);

Non responders at Month 4 will be randomized and treated either by:

  • Methotrexate administered at 10 mg/m2 orally once a week (at split doses of 5 mg/m2 in the morning and 5 mg/m2 at night), that is to say 2 tablets of 2.5 mg at each take;
  • Ciclosporine A delivered at 3 mg/kg per day (at split doses of 1.5 mg/kg in the morning and 1.5 mg/kg at night) orally administered.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
cyclophosphamide 100 mg orally once daily, that is to say 2 tablets of 50 mg at each take, during 4 months.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete response (CR) [ Time Frame: at Month 4 ]
    The main endpoint will be the hematological CR rate evaluated after 4 months of treatment (binary endpoint). Complete response (CR) is defined as a normalization of clinical examination (disappearance of splenomegaly) and a complete normalization of blood counts (i.e., hemoglobin >12g/dL, platelets >150x109/L, ANC >1.5x109/L), lymphocytosis <4x109/L and circulating LGL in the normal range (<0.3x109/L). The number of LGL will be quantitated on blood smears.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: at Month 4, and at Month 8 and Month 12 in non-responders at Month 4 ]
    Hematological overall response rate (ORR) defined as the sum of complete responses and partial responses over the total number of patients.

  2. Complete response (CR) [ Time Frame: at Month 8 and Month 12 ]
    Complete response (CR) is defined as a normalization of clinical examination (disappearance of splenomegaly) and a complete normalization of blood counts (i.e., hemoglobin >12g/dL, platelets >150x109/L, ANC >1.5x109/L), lymphocytosis <4x109/L and circulating LGL in the normal range (<0.3x109/L). The number of LGL will be quantitated on blood smears.

  3. Hematological partial response (PR) [ Time Frame: at Month 4, Month 8 and Month 12 ]
    Hematological partial response (PR) defined as an improvement in blood counts which do not meet criteria for complete remission (e.g., ANC increasing more than 50% and reaching more than 0.5 but less than 1.5x109/L with non-recurrence of infections, or hemoglobin level increasing more than 2 g/dL from baseline and transfusion requirements stopping without normalization of the hemoglobin level defined as hemoglobin >12g/dL).

  4. Progressive disease [ Time Frame: at Month 4, Month 8 and Month 12 ]
    Progressive disease defined as worsening of cytopenia or organomegaly or incidence of infections.

  5. Time-to-relapse [ Time Frame: from Month 4 to endpoint (in first-line treatment responders) ]
    Time-to-relapse (censored variable). Relapse is defined as re-occurrence of either neutropenia or anemia (ANC <1x109/L and/or hemoglobin <10g/dL) or clonal LGL >0.5x109/L in complete responders, or as a return to baseline values of either ANC or hemoglobin in partial responders, at two monthly consecutive blood tests.

  6. Time-to-relapse [ Time Frame: from Month 8 to endpoint (in second-line treatment responders) ]
    Time-to-relapse (censored variable). Relapse is defined as re-occurrence of either neutropenia or anemia (ANC <1x109/L and/or hemoglobin <10g/dL) or clonal LGL >0.5x109/L in complete responders, or as a return to baseline values of either ANC or hemoglobin in partial responders, at two monthly consecutive blood tests.

  7. Molecular remission [ Time Frame: at Month 4 and Month 12 for hematological complete responders ]

    Molecular remission defined as the disappearance of the clonal pattern of TCR gamma multiplex rearrangement and Phenotypic remission is defined as :

    • For the T subtype: disappearance of the excess of CD3+/CD8+ cells (or disappearance of the LGL clone according to the specific subtype observed at inclusion);
    • For the NK subtype: disappearance of the excess of CD3-/CD56+ cells (or disappearance of the LGL clone according to the specific subtype observed at inclusion)

  8. Adverse events rate [ Time Frame: Month 2, Month 4, Month 6, Month 8, Month 10, Month 12 ]
    Adverse events rate

  9. Compliance [ Time Frame: Month 2, Month 4, Month 6, Month 8, Month 10, Month 12 ]
    Compliance

  10. relationship between the response to treatment and the phenotypic subtype [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Identification of a relationship between the response to treatment and the phenotypic subtype characterized by the panel of monoclonal antibodies defined in the ancillary study subsection.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Common criteria of LGL leukemia: the diagnosis is based on a chronic LGL peripheral blood expansion (>0.5x109/L), usually lasting more than 6 months
  • Specific criteria for T-LGL leukemia or NK-LGL lymphocytosis or chronic NK-LGL leukemia:

    • Specific criteria for T-LGL leukemia:
  • Expression of LGL surface markers compatible with an activated T-cell (commonly alpha-beta+/CD3+/CD8+/CD57+ and/or CD16+) phenotype or gamma-delta+ T cells;
  • Clonal rearrangement of TCRγ gene using PCR or specific and clonal Vβ expression using FCM.

    • Specific criteria for NK-LGL lymphocytosis or chronic NK LGL leukemia:
  • Expression of LGL surface markers compatible with a NK cell (commonly CD3-/CD8+/CD16+ and/or CD16+/CD56+) phenotype;
  • CD56+ or CD16+ NK cells greater than 0.75x109/L;
  • The term of chronic NK-LGL lymphocytosis is used for patients with chronic illness (NB: patients with massive tissue LGL infiltration of the spleen, liver and bone marrow and presenting aggressive clinical behavior are considered as having aggressive NK-LGL leukemia and should not be included).
  • Age above 18 years
  • ECOG performance status of 0-2
  • Life expectancy of at least 1 year
  • Lack of previous treatment (except with G-CSF or transfusions)
  • At least one indication of treatment:

    • Isolated severe neutropenia (ANC <0.5x109/L) or neutropenia (ANC <1.5x109/L) with two or more infections requiring antibiotics;
    • Anemia (whatever the underlying mechanism: pure red cell aplasia or marrow infiltration) requiring transfusions greater than 2 units for two months prior to inclusion, or symptomatic anemia (hemoglobin <10g/dl) with impairment of the quality of life;
    • Associated complications such as systemic diseases or auto-immune diseases (i.e. recurrent uveitis, cutaneous vasculitis, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, rheumatoid arthritis resistant to steroids and/or immunomodulator agents (colchicin, disulone, hydrochloroquine)) and justifying a treatment with methotrexate or cyclophosphamide
  • Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to understand or to follow study procedures
  • Prior or concurrent malignancy within the past 5 years except inactive nonmelanomatous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Other serious medical illnesses, such as hepatic, renal, cardiac, pulmonary, neurologic, or metabolic disease that would preclude the patient's ability to tolerate methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, or ciclosporine A
  • Reactive LGL lymphocytosis (i.e. after viral infection)
  • ALAT/ASAT or alkalin phosphatases >3 times normal values
  • Creatinine clairance <50 ml/min
  • Serologic evidence of HIV, hepatitis C or hepatitis B infection
  • Non effective contraception
  • Positive pregnancy test
  • Nursing woman

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01976182


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Thierry Lamy, PUPH 02 99 28 42 91 ext +33 thierry.lamy@chu-rennes.fr

Locations
Show Show 52 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rennes University Hospital
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Rennes University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01976182    
Other Study ID Numbers: LGL
First Posted: November 5, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 29, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Keywords provided by Rennes University Hospital:
large granular lymphocytes leukemia
immunosuppressive drugs
methotrexate
cyclophosphamide
efficiency
phase II randomized controlled trial
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Leukemia
Leukemia, Large Granular Lymphocytic
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Leukemia, T-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Cyclophosphamide
Methotrexate
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors