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Rehydration Following Exercise-Induced Dehydration

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01974986
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 3, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 2, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Abbott Nutrition
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Craig A. Horswill, University of Illinois at Chicago

Brief Summary:
Athletes participating in multiple training sessions a day can be at increased risk of suboptimal hydration and heat illness during their second training session, especially when the environment is hot and humid. With the exception of the absolute volume of water delivered by a rehydration beverage, characteristics of the beverage consumed play a role in the recovery and completeness of rehydration. The amount of sodium in the beverage has been shown to be a primary factor in rehydration. Recently, an effect of the carbohydrate concentration of the beverage was been reported, with its effects mediated by the renal system in response to elevated serum insulin. The purpose of this study is to compare sodium and carbohydrate effects on rehydration and recovery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dehydration Related to Exercise Other: Water with flavoring and non-nutritive sweetener. Other: High-Na low-CHO beverage Other: Low-Na high-CHO beverage Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The effectiveness of beverage composition will be evaluated by modifying the sodium content and carbohydrate content of the beverage. Hypothesis: Completeness of rehydration will be greater in the beverage with higher sodium concentration. It is also hypothesized that electrolyte-carbohydrate beverages will promote rehydration that exceeds that of consuming placebo (water). Using a randomized balanced-treatment crossover design, physically trained males (18-35 yrs) will participate in intermittent exercise for 85 to 100 minutes in three experimental trials of variable intensity training in the heat (30 +/-3 C) followed by a rehydration-recovery period. Exercise will be done at varying intensities (intermittent intervals) ranging from 50% to nearly 100% of maximum oxygen uptake (max VO2) determined prior to the experimental trials. During the 85 to 100 min of exercise, no fluids will be given during the trial to elicit an acute reduction in body mass of approximately 2.5 to 3% (standardized for each subject). Following exercise, 100% of the volume of fluid lost will be replaced with one of the beverages. Beverages will be ingested in six aliquots over a 1-hr period given at the end of the trial. Retention of fluid will be calculated by measuring volume of urine lost at 30, 60, 135, and 210 min following ingestion of the rehydration beverage. The primary outcome variable is the percentage of fluid retained, i.e., the difference between volume ingested and cumulative urine produced in 3.5 h as a percentage of volume ingested. Body mass, urine specific gravity, total body water, and ratings of vigor and affect will be assessed prior to exercise, after exercise in a state of dehydration, and at 210 min post-exercise following rehydration. A one-way ANOVA will be used to test the hypothesis for rehydration, the primary outcome variable.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Rehydration Following Exercise-Induced Dehydration: Beverage Formula Effects in Team Sport Athletes
Study Start Date : July 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Water with flavoring and non-nutritive sweetener.
Other: Water with flavoring and non-nutritive sweetener.
A volume of fluid (water) was given after exercise to return each subject's body mass (to euhydration).

Experimental: High-Na low-CHO beverage
Beverage containing sodium concentration of 40 to 50 mEq/L and carbohydrate concentration between 310 and 350 mmol/L.
Other: High-Na low-CHO beverage
A volume of fluid (high-Na, low-CHO) was given after exercise to return each subject's body mass (to euhydration).

Experimental: Low-Na high-CHO beverage
Beverage containing sodium concentration of 15 to 25 mEq/L and carbohydrate concentration between 120 and 160 mmol/L.
Other: Low-Na high-CHO beverage
A volume of fluid (low-Na, high-CHO) was given after exercise to return each subject's body mass (to euhydration).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rehydration [ Time Frame: 8 hours ]
    Fluid retained to rehydrate the body as a percentage of volume of beverage ingested.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Body weight [ Time Frame: 8 hours ]
    Change in body mass from the start of data collection.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Total body water [ Time Frame: 8 hours ]
    Change in estimated total body water from the start of data collection.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male, age 18-35 y, physically fit, and regularly undergoing exercise training particularly but not exclusively in team sports.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • "Yes" on PAR-Q survey, symptoms or signs of exercise intolerance, VO2 max <50 mL/kg/min, smoker

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01974986


Locations
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United States, Illinois
University of Illinois
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60608
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Illinois at Chicago
Abbott Nutrition
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Craig Horswill, PhD UIC
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Responsible Party: Craig A. Horswill, Clinical Associate Professor, University of Illinois at Chicago
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01974986    
Other Study ID Numbers: AN-US-1307
First Posted: November 3, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 2, 2016
Last Verified: May 2016
Keywords provided by Craig A. Horswill, University of Illinois at Chicago:
dehydration
exercise
rehydration
sodium
water
carbohydrate
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dehydration
Water-Electrolyte Imbalance
Metabolic Diseases
Pathologic Processes