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Study of Bio-K+® in the Reduction of the Risk of Clostridium Difficile Infection and Antibiotic Associated Diarrhea

This study has been terminated.
(Recruitment problems)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01972932
First Posted: October 31, 2013
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bio-K Plus International Inc.
  Purpose
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) and particularly Clostridium difficile-Infection (CDI) are the most common causes of healthcare associated infectious diarrhea. In light of the results obtained in a limited number of randomized clinical trials in subjects with AAD and CDI in comparison with the widespread occurrence of these diseases, it is felt that the addition of a well-controlled clinical trial in a western environment would add value to support the use of a specific probiotic to counteract these diseases.

Condition Intervention Phase
Clostridium Difficile Infection Antibiotic Associated Diarrhea Dietary Supplement: Bio K+® 2 capsules orally (or via nasogastric tube) Dietary Supplement: Placebo Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Protocol CHUM 2014-5056: A Randomized, Double Blinded Placebo Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Bio-K+® in the Reduction of the Risk of Clostridium Difficile Infection and Antibiotic Associated Diarrhea in Hospitalized Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bio-K Plus International Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the incidence of Clostridium Difficile infection [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    The primary objective of this study is evaluate the incidence risk ratio of CDI in hospitalized subjects treated with systemic antibiotics, taking oral administration of Bio-K+® in comparison with a placebo. Risk will be calculated for the period of antibiotic treatment plus 65 days.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the incidence of antibiotic associated diarrhea [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    • To evaluate the incidence of AAD
    • To evaluate the incidence of RCDI
    • To determine the time to occurrence of the first symptoms (first liquid stool) of AAD or CDI -
    • To evaluate the impact on the duration of hospitalization
    • To evaluate the number of emergency room visits and re-hospitalizations for AAD or CDI
    • To determine the mean costs for the initial hospitalization
    • To evaluate the safety profile of Bio-K+®


Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: November 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2017
Primary Completion Date: November 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo 2 capsules orally (or via nasogastric tube) once per day starting randomization until five days after the discontinuation of the antibiotic.
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Placebo Comparator: 2 capsules orally (or via nasogastric tube) once per day starting randomization until five days after the discontinuation of the antibiotic.
Active Comparator: Bio K+®
Bio K+® 2 capsules orally (or via nasogastric tube) once per day starting at randomization until five days after the discontinuation of the antibiotic.
Dietary Supplement: Bio K+® 2 capsules orally (or via nasogastric tube)
Bio-K+® 2 capsules orally (or via nasogastric tube) once per day starting at randomization until five days after the discontinuation of the antibiotic.
Other Name: Bio-K+®

Detailed Description:

The prevalence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has been on the rise in the United States, and in fact the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identified CDI as one of the highest threats in its recent report on antibiotic resistance in the United States. This designation as an "urgent threat" highlights the need for immediate and aggressive action to prevent this infection.

In fact, CDI has been reported as the most commonly reported pathogen causing healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). A point prevalence survey of 183 hospitals in 10 states found that C. difficile comprised 12.1% of HAIs, surpassing Staphylococcus aureus infections.

Although most cases of CDI can be treated successfully with relatively safe and effective oral antibiotics (i.e., metronidazole or vancomycin), primary prevention of CDI is critical because up to one in five treated patients endures a relapse or reinfection, which can be difficult to treat; infected patients serve as a reservoir for ongoing transmission within facilities; implementation of contact isolation precautions for patients who have CDI can have deleterious consequences for the patient; and, CDI can result in death or severe disease including those treated by colectomy. Because CDI is spread between patients, prevention of a single case should reduce the risk of exposure for other hospital patients.

One of the main studies in this indication, being a quality improvement study conducted at Pierre Le Gardeur Hospital (PLGH) in province of Québec, Canada. Starting in 2004, 10 years of surveillance data were reported from this hospital that administers Bio-K Plus to all antibiotic users. During the 10 years of observation, 44, 835 inpatients received Bio-K+, and the CDI rate at PLGH declined from 18.0 cases per 10,000 patient-days and remained at low mean levels of 2.3 cases per 10 000 patient-days.

Additionally, 10-year data collected by the Ministry of Health in Quebec comparing the CDI rate between Quebec hospitals showed that CDI rates at PLGH were consistently and continuously lower compared with those at similar hospitals.

In conclusion, adding Bio-K Plus as a standard treatment led to a dramatic and sustained decrease in the incidence of C. difficile infections at this hospital.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Only subjects who meet the following inclusion criteria will be eligible to participate in the study:

  • Are at least 18 years old
  • Able to tolerate food intake Antibiotic treatment started less than 48hrs from admission into the study
  • Have an expected hospitalization period of at least three days (including subject‟s stay in the emergency room)
  • Speak and understand English and/or French.
  • Have an expected survival greater than 60 days
  • Agree to refrain from taking probiotic products (besides the study drug) during the study period Have given informed consent In addition, women of child bearing capacity who are not pregnant at the moment of screening (pregnancy test done on-site) and agree to use an acceptable form of birth control for the duration of the study (e.g. Condom, oral contraceptives, etc.) are allowed to participate.

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects who meet any of the following exclusion criteria will not be eligible to participate in the study:

  • Have been diagnosed with CDI in previous sixty days
  • Have taken Streptomycin, oral Vancomycin, or Metronidazole in the last 4 weeks, excluding as part of the treatment regimen triggering their inclusion into the study.
  • Are currently suffering from any health condition causing immunosuppression (including haematological malignancies, lymphoma, AIDS, transplant, and hemodialysis)
  • Have received more than 10 mg of prednisone per day for at least 1 month within 3 months prior to the participation to the study.
  • Have active diarrhea (three or more liquid stools per 24 hour period) or non-controlled intestinal disease/colitis such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis or caeliac disease Have stomas, are ostomized or are parenteral nutrition users Have already been randomized to one arm of this study
  • Are known to have shown a previous reaction, including anaphylaxis, to any substance in the composition of the study products (i.e. Non-medicinal ingredients: Cellulose, hypromellose, medium chain triglycerides, sodium alginate, ascorbic acid, magnesium stearate (vegetal source), silicon dioxide and titanium dioxide
  • Where receiving systemic antibiotics on admission to the hospital or who have been treated with antibiotics over the past two weeks Have lactose intolerance or milk allergy
  • Have difficulties giving informed consent because of chronic mental disease, dementia
  • Are not likely to comply with study requirements (provide stool for screening if diarrhea or answer to the follow up questionnaires)
  • Have been known to use illicit drugs in the last two years. Have participated in another clinical study in the last 30 days
  • Female subjects that are pregnant, or who intend to become pregnant or are lactating during the study period
  • Female subjects of child bearing potential not currently using adequate contraception
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01972932


Locations
Canada, Quebec
Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bio-K Plus International Inc.
Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mikhael Laskine, MD Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)
Study Director: Serge Carriere, MD Bio-K+International Inc.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Bio-K Plus International Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01972932     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CHUM 2014-5056
First Submitted: October 25, 2013
First Posted: October 31, 2013
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2017
Last Verified: June 2014

Keywords provided by Bio-K Plus International Inc.:
Bio-K+®
Placebo
AAD
CDI
hospitalized subjects

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infection
Communicable Diseases
Diarrhea
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Anti-Infective Agents
Antitubercular Agents