Personalized Prenatal Care for Low-Risk Pregnancies Using Telemedicine

This study is enrolling participants by invitation only.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Erin Clark, University of Utah Identifier:
First received: October 22, 2013
Last updated: July 30, 2015
Last verified: July 2015

Not all pregnant women have the same risks for pregnancy complications. Women at low-risk for pregnancy complications may not need the same type of prenatal care. The goal of this study is to learn about the use of telemedicine for low-risk pregnant women and improve the delivery of prenatal care. Telemedicine is medical care provided using a computer or telephone to visit with a doctor for some medical appointments. Participating patients will be assigned by a computer to either standard prenatal care, or prenatal care involving a combination of standard prenatal visits and telemedicine visits. Both groups will have the same number of prenatal care visits.

In both groups, we will ask about the patients' satisfaction with their care, the amount of time they spent visiting with their doctor, and information about time and their expenses. In the telemedicine group, we will teach how to measure blood pressure, fetal heart rate, and weight from home.

The goals of this study are to: 1) assess the patient satisfaction, patient experiences and preferences, financial impact, clinical outcomes, and provider satisfaction of providing personalized prenatal care for low-risk pregnancies using telecommunication and remote patient care devices; and 2) measure the reliability of at-home, patient-recorded, computer-documented prenatal care measurements.

Condition Intervention
Other: Remote Prenatal Care

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Personalized Prenatal Care for Low-Risk Pregnancies Using Remote Patient Monitoring

Further study details as provided by University of Utah:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Patient satisfaction with remote prenatal care [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of patient satisfaction, experiences and preferences regarding personalized prenatal care using telecommunication and remote patient care devices.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Cost-effectiveness [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of financial impact for individuals and the health care system of personalized prenatal care for low-risk pregnancies using telecommunication and remote patient care devices.

  • Provider satisfaction [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of health care provider satisfaction with personalized prenatal care for low-risk pregnancies using telecommunication and remote patient care devices.

  • Perinatal outcomes [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of maternal and neonatal outcomes in remote prenatal care compared to routine prenatal care.

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: May 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Remote Prenatal Care
Remote Prenatal Care using a combination of in-person and telemedicine prenatal care visits.
Other: Remote Prenatal Care
Remote Prenatal Care using a combination of in-person and telemedicine prenatal care visits.
No Intervention: Usual Prenatal Care
Usual, in-person prenatal care.

Detailed Description:

Study procedures and data collection for a woman enrolled to the study are described below:

  1. Randomization Prior to enrollment in the study, eligible participating patients will be randomized into the control or remote prenatal care groups. The study coordinator will be aware of which group the participant is assigned to and provide training tailored to the assigned study group. The telemedicine group will receive all training described below. The control group will only receive training on the survey instrument and instruction on how to access the message box within MyChart.
  2. Remote Monitoring Devices Remote prenatal care group participants will measure, record, and submit their blood pressure, weight, and fetal heart recordings into MyChart (described below) no more than 48 hours prior to a scheduled remote prenatal care visit (described below).

    • Weight- Participants will use their home scale or be given one to use if they don't have one. For demonstration purposes, a scale will be available during the in-person visit with the study coordinator. The patient is required to measure weight in pounds to the nearest pound.
    • Blood Pressure- Participants will be provided one digital blood pressure cuff that will measure their blood pressure to be used throughout the pregnancy. They will be required to report the systolic and diastolic blood pressure as measured and displayed by the device in millimetres of mercury (mmHg).
    • Fetal Heart Rate- Participants will be provided one digital fetal doppler monitor to be used throughout the pregnancy. They will use it to determine the fetus' heart rate in beats per minute.

    Patients will be allowed to keep the devices at the conclusion of the study as compensation for participating and completing the research.

  3. MyChart Epic MyChart is the personal health record that is linked to the Epic electronic health record used by the University of Utah. Participants will use MyChart to record information to allow their recordings to integrate within the Epic electronic health record and be viewable by the treating clinician. At each time point that requires patient recording of health data described above, patient-entered flowsheets will be available with the required data fields. Help text will also be available on the form to assist proper data entry. Automated data validity checking will assure data are properly recorded.
  4. Remote Prenatal Care Visit The remote prenatal care visit will be conducted at a predetermined scheduled time using a web-based, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA-compliant video communication solution provided by the University of Utah Department of Telemedicine. A message will be sent to the participant within MyChart containing the video link and password prior to the meeting. If the video solution does not work, is having difficulties, or if the patient does not prefer using video, the prenatal care visit will be conducted by telephone.
  5. Survey Instrument The survey instrument, built using REDCap, will be available immediately following a scheduled visit. A link to the survey will be available in MyChart as well as emailed to their message box within MyChart. If the survey hasn't been completed within 72 hours, the study coordinator will contact the participant to remind them to complete the survey. Participants will have one week to complete the survey.

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 39 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A pregnant woman initiating prenatal care between 6 0/7 weeks and 16 0/7 weeks estimated gestational age (EGA) by reliable last menstrual period (LMP) or ultrasound. All participants must have confirmation of pregnancy viability (by Doppler or ultrasound) prior to study enrollment. All participants must, by 24 weeks gestation, have ultrasonographic confirmation of a single viable intrauterine pregnancy with no major anomalies.
  • All participants must have had at least one prior term, uncomplicated delivery. This will be ascertained at time of enrollment by care provider.
  • Must be willing and able to perform remote monitoring study requirements at home. This includes having a computer with internet access at home (preferred but not required); must have already registered or be willing to register for Epic MyChart; be willing and capable (after instruction) of using at-home monitoring devices including fetal health monitor, automatic blood pressure monitor, and weight scale; be willing and capable (after instruction) of entering information from at-home monitoring devices into Epic MyChart; be willing and capable (after instruction) of using a web-based video conferencing solution or telephone for communication with clinician.
  • Intention to deliver at the University Hospital.
  • The patient is seeing a participating provider at a participating clinic.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant age at enrollment is younger than 20 or older than 39 years of age at the time of delivery.
  • Not fluent in English
  • Absence of prior term vaginal deliveries.
  • Significant complications in any previous viable pregnancy include two or more previous miscarriages, preterm birth(<37 0/7 weeks), preeclampsia, placental abruption, stillbirth, etc.
  • Any significant concurrent medical problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, prior venous thromboembolism, autoimmune disease (exception: women with well-controlled hypothyroidism may enroll), and any other medical problem of concerned as deemed by her prenatal care provider.
  • Use of known risk factors such as smoking, alcohol, illegal drug use, or other known teratogenic exposures.
  • Multifetal pregnancy or known fetal anomalies
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01970436

United States, Utah
University of Utah Hospital and Clinics
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84132
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Utah
Principal Investigator: Erin A. S. Clark, MD University of Utah
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Erin Clark, Assistant Professor Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Utah Identifier: NCT01970436     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 64042
Study First Received: October 22, 2013
Last Updated: July 30, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Utah:
Prenatal care
Telemedicine processed this record on November 30, 2015