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A Phase I Study Of Panobinostat/Lenalidomide/Bortezomib/Dex for Relapsed And Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma (PanRVD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01965353
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 18, 2013
Last Update Posted : September 5, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jacob Laubach, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This research study is evaluating an investigational drug called "panobinostat" (LBH589) in combination with the standard agents lenalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone as a possible treatment for multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma in Relapse Drug: Panobinostat Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Bortezomib Phase 1

Detailed Description:

In this research study, the participant will be given a study drug-dosing diary for each treatment cycle. Each treatment cycle lasts 21 days (3 weeks) . The diary will also include special instructions for taking the study drug(s).

The investigator are looking for the highest dose of the study drug that can be administered safely without severe or unmanageable side effects in participants that have multiple myeloma, not everyone who participates in this research study will receive the same dose of the study drug. The dose each participant will get will depend on the number of participants who have been enrolled in the study before each participant and how well they have tolerated their doses.

Each treatment cycle will be 21 days long. The participant will have to come to the clinic on days 1, 4, 5, 8, 10 and 11 in Cycle 1 and on days 1, 4, 8 and 11 in Cycles 2 and beyond. Days 1 and 5 of Cycle 1 will take about 8 hours. Every other visit should take about 1-4 hours, however there is always the possibility that it could take longer.

Study Drugs:

  • Panobinostat is a capsule that the participant will take three times a week for the first two the weeks of each cycle. Then participant will have one week off study medication.
  • Bortezomib will be administered in clinic as a subcutaneous injection twice a week during the first two weeks of each 21 day cycle.
  • Lenalidomide will be taken orally once daily on days 1-14 of each cycle.
  • Dexamethasone will be taken orally on the days of and after bortezomib administration during Cycles 1-8, and on days 1, 8 and 15 for Cycles 9 and beyond.

Planned Follow-up: The investigators would like to monitor the participant's medical condition even after the participants are no longer participating in the study. The investigators would like to do this by calling the participants on the telephone once every 6 months to see how the participant is doing. Keeping in touch with the participant and checking on their condition helps the investigator look at the long-term effects of the research study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Open Label Study Of Panobinostat In Combination With Lenalidomide, Bortezomib, And Dexamethasone In Patients With Relapsed And Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Study Start Date : October 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Panobinostat

Panobinostat - single oral dose on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10 and 12 and followed by a 9-day rest period.

  • Bortezomib - subcutaneous injection twice a week during the first two weeks of each 21 day cycle.
  • Dexamethasone oral dose on the days of and after bortezomib administration during Cycles 1-8, and on days 1, 8 and 15 for Cycles 9 and beyond.
  • Lenalidomide - oral dose once daily on days 1-14 of each cycle. Accrual to the next higher dose level will not occur until the safety and tolerability of the prior dose level(s) has been determined at the end of the first cycle.

Each cycle of treatment will consist of 21 days. Accrual to the next higher dose level will not occur until the safety and tolerability of the prior dose level(s) has been determined at the end of the first cycle

Drug: Panobinostat
- Panobinostat - single oral dose on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10 and 12 and followed by a 9-day rest period.

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone - oral dose on Days 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11 and 12 followed by a 9-day rest period

Drug: Lenalidomide
Lenalidomide - daily oral dose on Days 1-14 followed by 7-day rest period
Other Name: Revlimid

Drug: Bortezomib
Bortezomib - subcutaneous injection, on Days 1, 4, 8, and 11 followed by a 10-day rest period. At least 72 hours should elapse between bortezomib doses, but if needed an interval of 70 hours is permitted
Other Name: Velcade

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. MTD (Maximum Tolerated Dose) of panobinostat in combination with RVD [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
  2. Recommended dose of the combination for Phase 2 studies in participants with relapsed and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) with SC bortezomib. [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response to pan-RVD (minimal response or better [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
  2. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
  3. Duration of response [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must meet the following criteria on screening examination. All laboratory assessments should be performed within 21 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified.
  • Participants must have a previous diagnosis of Multiple Myeloma, according to International Myeloma Foundation 2003 Diagnostic Criteria
  • Patients must have relapsed or relapsed and refractory disease after receiving 2 or more lines of therapy.
  • Relapse is the occurrence of any of the following: 1) >25% increase in M-protein from the baseline levels; 2) reappearance of M-protein that had disappeared; or 3) definite increase in the size and number of lytic bone lesions recognized on radiographs (compression fractures per se do not constitute a relapse).
  • Subjects will be considered refractory to therapy, as defined by progression during treatment or within 60 days after the completion of salvage treatment. Subjects with primary refractory disease are excluded.
  • This includes: 1) non-responding, non-progressing; and 2) progressive; primary refractory, progressive disease where patients meet criteria for true progressive disease (Durie 2006).
  • Participants must have measurable myeloma, defined as one or more of the following:

    • serum M-protein ≥ 0.5 g/dl,
    • urine M-protein ≥ 200 mg/24 h, and/or
    • serum FLC assay: involved FLC level ≥ 10 mg/dl with abnormal serum FLC ratio.
  • Age ≥ 18 years at the time of signing informed consent.
  • ECOG performance status <2 (Karnofsky >60%)
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mlU/mL 10 to14 days prior to therapy and repeated again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide and must either commit to complete abstinence from heterosexual contact or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective (barrier) method, AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must practice complete abstinence or agree to use a condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy. All participants agree to enroll and comply with the RevAssist® program for the prevention of pregnancy.
  • A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature female who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Voluntary written informed consent must be obtained before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the participant at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who exhibit any of the following conditions at screening will not be eligible:
  • Participants with primary refractory disease
  • Participants who have a history of prior MM treatment with panobinostat, or an alternative HDAC-inhibitor.
  • Participant has ≥ Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy on clinical examination within 21 days before initiation of protocol therapy.
  • Renal insufficiency, defined as creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min (either actual or calculated value), within 21 days of initiation of protocol therapy. The Cockcroft-Gault formula should be used for calculating creatinine clearance values: 140-age) x Body mass (kg) x 0.85 (female) or 1.0 (male)/serum creat. (mg/dL) x 72
  • Platelet count <75,000cells/mm3at time of screening evaluation. Transfusion may not be used to meet platelet eligibility criteria within 7 days of obtaining screening evaluation.
  • Participants with an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1500 cells/mm3 at time of screening evaluation. Growth factor may not be used to meet ANC eligibility criteria within 7 days of obtaining screening evaluation.
  • Participants with hemoglobin level < 8.0 g/dL, at time of screening. Transfusion may not be used to meet eligibility criteria within 7 days of obtaining screening evaluation.
  • Participants with hepatic impairment, defined as bilirubin > 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) or AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT), or alkaline phosphatase > 2x institutional ULN, within 21 days of initiation of protocol therapy. Patients with benign hyperbilirubinemia (e.g., Gilbert's syndrome) are eligible
  • Other ongoing anti-myeloma therapy. Patients may be receiving concomitant therapy with bisphosphonates and low dose corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone up to but no more than 10 mg p.o. q.d. or its equivalent) for symptom management and comorbid conditions. Doses of corticosteroid should be stable for at least 7 days prior to study treatment.)
  • Concomitant use of drugs that may cause a prolongation of the QTcF or inducing torsade de pointes if treatment cannot be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting study drug.
  • Concomitant use of CYP3A4 inhibitors at time of screening. If use of CYP3A4 inhibitors becomes medically necessary during study, they must be used with caution.
  • Anti-myeloma therapy, including radiotherapy, within 2 weeks or within 5 half-lives of the agent and active metabolites (whichever is longer) prior to Day 1 and who have not recovered from side effects (to ≤ Grade 1) of those therapies.
  • Known significant cardiac abnormalities, including:
  • History or presence of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia. (Participants with a history of atrial arrhythmia are eligible but should be discussed with the investigator prior to enrollment).
  • Any history of ventricular fibrillation or torsade de pointes
  • Bradycardia defined as HR < 50 bpm. Participants with pacemakers are eligible if HR ≥ 50 bpm
  • QTcF interval ≥ 450 milliseconds on screening ECG;
  • Right bundle branch block + left anterior hemiblock (bifascicular block)
  • Participants with myocardial infarction or unstable angina ≤ 6 months prior to starting study drug.
  • Other clinically significant heart disease (e.g. CHF NY Heart Association class III or IV, uncontrolled hypertension, history of labile hypertension, or history of poor compliance with an antihypertensive regimen)
  • Serious, intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, clinically relevant active infection, known active hepatitis B or C viral infection, known HIV infection, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, or serious co-morbid medical conditions such as chronic restrictive pulmonary disease, and cirrhosis.
  • Any condition, including laboratory abnormalities, that in the opinion of the investigator places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study.
  • Prior malignancy (within the last 5 years) except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, or in situ cervical cancer
  • Known hypersensitivity to acyclovir or similar anti-viral drug
  • POEMS syndrome or AL Amyloidoses
  • Known intolerance to steroid therapy
  • Participants who have had prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation with evidence of active graft-versus-host disease requiring immunosuppressive therapy
  • Participants receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Participants with known brain metastases.
  • Poor tolerability or known allergy to any of the study drugs or compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to lenalidomide, bortezomib, panobinostat and/or dexamethasone.
  • Female participants pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Impairment of GI function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of panobinostat.
  • Participants with diarrhea > CTCAE grade 2
  • Participants who have undergone major surgery ≤ 4 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of the surgery.
  • Participants with any significant history of non-compliance to medical regimens or unwilling or unable to comply with the instructions given to him/her by the study staff.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01965353

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United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
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Principal Investigator: Jacob Laubach, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
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Responsible Party: Jacob Laubach, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT01965353    
Other Study ID Numbers: 13-262
First Posted: October 18, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 5, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021
Keywords provided by Jacob Laubach, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Relapsed Multiple Myeloma
Relapse-Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists