Mindfulness Meditation for Subjects With Severe Speech and Physical Impairments (MSPi)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01964664
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 17, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 13, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Barry S. Oken, Oregon Health and Science University

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this protocol is to (1) Determine whether a one-on-one mindfulness meditation intervention or audio training improves performance on an adaptive communication system that utilizes brain-computer interface (BCI); and (2) Determine whether the intervention reduces stress in subjects with severe speech and physical impairments (SSPI).

Hypothesis: The group of subjects randomized to the mindfulness meditation training will improve BCI performance and stress levels more than the audio control group.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Physical Impairments Cerebral Palsy Cerebral Ataxia locked-in Syndrome Behavioral: Mindfulness Meditation Training Behavioral: Audio Group Not Applicable

  Show Detailed Description

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Mindfulness Meditation for Subjects With Severe Speech and Physical Impairments
Study Start Date : January 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Mindfulness meditation training
6-week, one-on-one, mindfulness meditation intervention based on Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy program
Behavioral: Mindfulness Meditation Training
6-week, one-on-one meditation training. 90-minute home study visit once per week with research assistant. Learn Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy curriculum and mindfulness techniques, and are asked to practice guided meditations 30-45 minutes each day.

Active Comparator: Audio Group
6 weeks of listening to podcasts daily (same length as guided meditations), and discussing podcast content with research assistant during weekly study visits
Behavioral: Audio Group
Listen to 30-minute podcasts on a daily basis, and discuss podcasts with research assistant at 90-minute weekly home visits. 6 weeks total.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in Working Memory at 8 weeks (post intervention) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Endpoint (within 1.5 weeks pre and post intervention) ]
    Computer-based working memory task, classically titled "N-Back" task. Participants watch a series of letters presented on a screen, one after the other, and they are instructed to watch for letters being repeated 1 back (two in a row), 2 back (one letter in between repeat), etc (adjusted according to ability).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in Perceived Stress Scale at 8 weeks (post intervention) [ Time Frame: Baseline and endpoint, within 1.5 weeks before and after intervention ]
  2. Change from Baseline in performance on BCI spelling task at 8 weeks (post intervention) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Endpoint, within 1.5 weeks of intervention ]
    Participants use a brain-computer interface system (with EEG) designed for letter-detection

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have a diagnosis by a neurologist of acquired neuromuscular or neurodevelopmental disorder
  • be capable of participating in 2-hour experimental interactions
  • Be literate in English
  • Be English speaking but not be able to communicate by voice or sign language
  • Have normal or corrected vision and hearing
  • Have speech that is understood less than 25% of the time
  • Have reduced hand function for writing and typing

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have full ability to communicate verbally and with writing/typing

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01964664

United States, Oregon
Participant Homes
Portland Metropolitan Area, Oregon, United States, 97236
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oregon Health and Science University
Principal Investigator: Barry Oken, MD Oregon Health and Science University

Responsible Party: Barry S. Oken, Barry S. Oken, MD, Oregon Health and Science University Identifier: NCT01964664     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 8912
First Posted: October 17, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 13, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017

Keywords provided by Barry S. Oken, Oregon Health and Science University:
acute lateral sclerosis
Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral Ataxia
Locked-in Syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cerebral Palsy
Brain Damage, Chronic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms