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A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Ertugliflozin Monotherapy in the Treatment of Participants With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Inadequate Glycemic Control Despite Diet and Exercise (MK-8835-003, VERTIS MONO)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01958671
First Posted: October 9, 2013
Last Update Posted: September 29, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  Purpose
This trial will evaluate the efficacy and safety of ertugliflozin monotherapy in the treatment of participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and inadequate glycemic control on diet and exercise. This trial consists of a run-in period of 3 to 11 weeks, a 26-week placebo-controlled treatment period (Phase A), and a 26-week active treatment period (Phase B). The primary hypotheses of the trial are that at Week 26, the mean reduction from baseline in hemoglobin A1c (A1C) for 15 mg ertugliflozin is greater than that for placebo and the mean reduction from baseline in A1C for 5 mg ertugliflozin is greater than that for placebo.

Condition Intervention Phase
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Drug: Ertugliflozin 5 mg Drug: Ertugliflozin 10 mg Drug: Placebo to Ertugliflozin Drug: Metformin Drug: Placebo to Metformin Drug: Glimepiride Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, 26-week Multicenter Study With a 26-Week Extension to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Ertugliflozin Monotherapy in the Treatment of Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Inadequate Glycemic Control Despite Diet and Exercise

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline In A1C at Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 ]
    A1C is measured as percent. The change from baseline is the Week 26 A1C percent minus the Week 0 A1C percent. Laboratory measurements were performed after an overnight fast ≥10 hours in duration. Data presented exclude data following the initiation of rescue therapy.

  • Percentage of Participants Experiencing An Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to 54 weeks (including 2 weeks following last dose) ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. Data presented include data following the initiation of rescue therapy.

  • Percentage of Participants Discontinuing Study Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. Data presented include data following the initiation of rescue therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in FPG at Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 ]
    The change from baseline is the Week 26 FPG minus the Week 0 FPG. Laboratory measurements were performed after an overnight fast ≥10 hours in duration. Data presented exclude data following the initiation of glycemic rescue therapy.

  • Change From Baseline in Body Weight at Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 ]
    The change from baseline is the Week 26 body weight minus the Week 0 body weight. Data presented exclude data following the initiation of rescue therapy.

  • Percentage of Participants With A1C <7% (<53 mmol/Mol) at Week 26 [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    A1C is measured as percent. Laboratory measurements were performed after an overnight fast ≥10 hours in duration. Data presented exclude data following the initiation of rescue therapy.

  • Baseline 2-hour Post-prandial Glucose (2-hr PPG) Level [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Laboratory measurements were performed 120 minutes following the start of the administration of the meal for the Mixed Meal Tolerance Test (MMTT). Change from baseline in 2-hr PPG level at Week 26 data are presented in the following outcome measure.

  • Change From Baseline in 2-hr PPG at Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 ]
    The change from baseline is the Week 26 2-hr PPG minus the Week 0 2-hr PPG. Laboratory measurements were performed 120 minutes following the start of the administration of the meal for the MMTT. Data presented exclude data following the initiation of rescue therapy.

  • Baseline Sitting Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Sitting blood pressure was measured in triplicate and the average of the measurements taken at a single assessment time was analyzed. Change from baseline in SBP at Week 26 data are presented in the following outcome measure.

  • Change From Baseline in SBP at Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 ]
    The change from baseline is the Week 26 SBP minus the Week 0 SBP. Sitting blood pressure was measured in triplicate and the average of the measurements taken at a single assessment time was analyzed. Data presented exclude data following the initiation of rescue therapy.

  • Baseline Sitting Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Sitting blood pressure was measured in triplicate and the average of the measurements taken at a single assessment time was analyzed. Change from baseline in DBP at Week 26 data are presented in the following outcome measure.

  • Change From Baseline in DBP at Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 ]
    The change from baseline is the Week 26 DBP minus the Week 0 DBP. Sitting blood pressure was measured in triplicate and the average of the measurements taken at a single assessment time was analyzed. Data presented exclude data following the initiation of rescue therapy.


Enrollment: 461
Actual Study Start Date: October 9, 2013
Study Completion Date: July 28, 2016
Primary Completion Date: July 28, 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ertugliflozin 5 mg/Ertugliflozin 5 mg
Phase A: Ertugliflozin 5 mg administered once daily for 26 weeks. Participants requiring rescue therapy will receive open-label metformin. Phase B: Ertugliflozin 5 mg administered once daily for 26 weeks. Participants not rescued with metformin in Phase A, will receive placebo to metformin. Participants rescued with metformin in Phase A will continue to receive metformin. Participants requiring rescue therapy during Phase B will receive open-label glimepiride.
Drug: Ertugliflozin 5 mg
One tablet taken orally the same time in the morning from Day 1 through Week 52 (Phase A and Phase B).
Other Names:
  • MK-8835
  • PF-04971729
Drug: Placebo to Ertugliflozin
One placebo tablet matching the ertugliflozin 5 mg tablet and/or 1 placebo tablet matching the ertugliflozin 10 mg tablet per day taken orally the same time in the morning from Day 1 through Week 52 (Phase A and Phase B).
Drug: Metformin
500 mg (1 tablet) in the morning and 500 mg (1 tablet) in the evening for 2 weeks, 1000 mg (2 tablets 500 mg) in the morning and 500 mg (1 tablet) in the evening for 2 weeks and 1000 mg (2 tablets 500 mg) in the morning and 1000 mg (2 tablets 500 mg) in the evening, thereafter.
Other Name: Glucophage XR, Carbophage SR, Riomet, Fortamet, Glumetza, Obimet, Gluformin, Dianben, Diabex, Diaformin, Siofor and Metfogamma.
Drug: Placebo to Metformin
1 tablet in the morning and 1 tablet in the evening for 2 weeks, 2 tablets in the morning and 1 tablet in the evening for 2 weeks and 2 tablets in the morning and 2 tablets in the evening, thereafter.
Drug: Glimepiride
Dosing and titration of glimepiride as rescue therapy was determined by the investigator.
Experimental: Ertugliflozin 15 mg/Ertugliflozin 15 mg
Phase A: Ertugliflozin 15 mg administered once daily for 26 weeks. Participants requiring rescue therapy will receive open-label metformin. Phase B: Ertugliflozin 15 mg administered once daily for 26 weeks. Participants not rescued with metformin in Phase A, will receive placebo to metformin. Participants rescued with metformin in Phase A will continue to receive metformin. Participants requiring rescue therapy during Phase B will receive open-label glimepiride.
Drug: Ertugliflozin 5 mg
One tablet taken orally the same time in the morning from Day 1 through Week 52 (Phase A and Phase B).
Other Names:
  • MK-8835
  • PF-04971729
Drug: Ertugliflozin 10 mg
One tablet taken orally the same time in the morning from Day 1 through Week 52 (Phase A and Phase B).
Other Names:
  • MK-8835
  • PF-04971729
Drug: Metformin
500 mg (1 tablet) in the morning and 500 mg (1 tablet) in the evening for 2 weeks, 1000 mg (2 tablets 500 mg) in the morning and 500 mg (1 tablet) in the evening for 2 weeks and 1000 mg (2 tablets 500 mg) in the morning and 1000 mg (2 tablets 500 mg) in the evening, thereafter.
Other Name: Glucophage XR, Carbophage SR, Riomet, Fortamet, Glumetza, Obimet, Gluformin, Dianben, Diabex, Diaformin, Siofor and Metfogamma.
Drug: Placebo to Metformin
1 tablet in the morning and 1 tablet in the evening for 2 weeks, 2 tablets in the morning and 1 tablet in the evening for 2 weeks and 2 tablets in the morning and 2 tablets in the evening, thereafter.
Drug: Glimepiride
Dosing and titration of glimepiride as rescue therapy was determined by the investigator.
Placebo/Metformin
Phase A: Placebo to ertugliflozin administered once daily for 26 weeks. Participants requiring rescue therapy will receive open-label metformin. Phase B: Participants not rescued with open-label metformin in Phase A will also receive blinded metformin up to twice daily for 26 weeks in addition to placebo. Participants rescued with metformin in Phase A will continue to receive open-label metformin. Participants requiring rescue therapy during Phase B will receive open-label glimepiride.
Drug: Placebo to Ertugliflozin
One placebo tablet matching the ertugliflozin 5 mg tablet and/or 1 placebo tablet matching the ertugliflozin 10 mg tablet per day taken orally the same time in the morning from Day 1 through Week 52 (Phase A and Phase B).
Drug: Metformin
500 mg (1 tablet) in the morning and 500 mg (1 tablet) in the evening for 2 weeks, 1000 mg (2 tablets 500 mg) in the morning and 500 mg (1 tablet) in the evening for 2 weeks and 1000 mg (2 tablets 500 mg) in the morning and 1000 mg (2 tablets 500 mg) in the evening, thereafter.
Other Name: Glucophage XR, Carbophage SR, Riomet, Fortamet, Glumetza, Obimet, Gluformin, Dianben, Diabex, Diaformin, Siofor and Metfogamma.
Drug: Glimepiride
Dosing and titration of glimepiride as rescue therapy was determined by the investigator.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of T2DM in accordance to American Diabetes Association guidelines
  • Participants with no prior allowable oral anti-hyperglycemic agents (AHA) for at least 8 weeks prior to study participation or participants on a single allowable oral AHA at the start of study participation
  • Participants on a single allowable AHA must be willing to discontinue this medication at the Screening Visit (S2) and remain off this medication for the duration of the trial. Allowable oral AHAs for discontinuation are metformin, sulfonylureas, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, glinides or alpha-glucosidase inhibitors.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, arterial revascularization, stroke, transient ischemic attack, or New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III-IV heart failure within 3 months of study participation
  • A clinically significant electrocardiogram abnormality
  • A history of malignancy ≤5 years prior to study participation, except for adequately treated basal or squamous cell skin cancer or in situ cervical cancer
  • A known hypersensitivity or intolerance to any sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor or metformin
  • On a blood pressure or lipid altering medication that have not been on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to study participation
  • A surgical procedure within 4 weeks prior to study participation or planned major surgery during the trial
  • Donation of blood or blood products within 6 weeks of study participation or plans to donate blood or blood products at any time during the trial
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding, or is expecting to conceive during the trial, including 14 days following the last dose of study drug
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01958671


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Pfizer
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01958671     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 8835-003
2013-002519-90 ( EudraCT Number )
B1521022 ( Other Identifier: Pfizer Protocol Number )
First Submitted: October 7, 2013
First Posted: October 9, 2013
Results First Submitted: July 14, 2017
Results First Posted: September 29, 2017
Last Update Posted: September 29, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Glimepiride
Metformin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors