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Effect of L-dopa In Subacute Back Pain Population

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01951105
First Posted: September 26, 2013
Last Update Posted: October 11, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Apkar Apkarian, Northwestern University
  Purpose
This study aims to determine if early treatment with Carbidopa/Levodopa and Naproxen in individuals with sub-acute back pain (SBP) is associated with changes in blocking transition to chronic back pain (CBP).

Condition Intervention Phase
Sub-acute Back Pain Drug: Naproxen Drug: Carbidopa/Levodopa Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Corticostriatal Plasticity in the Transition to Chronic Pain: Effect of L-dopa

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Apkar Apkarian, Northwestern University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • NRS pain scale [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Enrollment: 125
Actual Study Start Date: February 24, 2015
Study Completion Date: September 25, 2017
Primary Completion Date: September 25, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Observation
Individuals identified as having a recovering phenotype (SBPp) will be assigned to the observational arm and will be asked to continue his/her normal regime and return for the week 12 and week 24 visits for follow-up.
Active Comparator: Carbidopa/Levodopa & Naproxen

Individuals identified as having a persisting phenotype (SBPr) will be treated with Carbidopa/Levodopa on a flexible dose-titration designed intervention based on dose-response TID throughout the 12 week treatment period.

Naproxen (250mg) capsules will be administered orally, one capsule TID, throughout the 12 week treatment period.

Drug: Naproxen
Take one 250mg naproxen tablet three times a day for 12 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Aleve
  • Anaprox
  • Antalgin
  • Apranax
  • Feminax Ultra
  • Flanax
  • Inza
  • Midol Extended Relief
  • Nalgesin
  • Naposin
  • Naprelan
  • Naprogesic
  • Naprosyn
  • Narocin
  • Proxen
  • Soproxen
  • Synflex
  • Xenobid
Drug: Carbidopa/Levodopa
12.5mg/50mg Carbidopa/Levodopa, administered orally as capsules, will be titrated up to TID over one week and then continued at that level for 4 weeks. If at the end of this initial 4 week period the participant has "responded," the subject will be maintained on that dose for the duration of the treatment period (12 weeks total). If there has not been a response, the dose will be increased to 25mg/100mg Carbidopa/Levodopa TID for the following 4 weeks at which time the pain status will be re-evaluated. If a response has occurred, that dose will be maintained in a blinded manner for the following 4 weeks of treatment; if not, further dose-titration will occur to 50mg/200mg Carbidopa/Levodopa TID for the final 4 weeks. If a subject experiences an AE at higher doses, then the subject will be given the next lower dose that s/he was able to tolerate and then be maintained on that dose for the remainder of the 12 week dosing period.
Other Name: Sinemet
Placebo Comparator: Placebo & Naproxen
Individuals identified as having a persisting phenotype (SBPr) will be treated with placebo capsule plus 250mg naproxen tablet three times a day for 12 weeks.
Drug: Naproxen
Take one 250mg naproxen tablet three times a day for 12 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Aleve
  • Anaprox
  • Antalgin
  • Apranax
  • Feminax Ultra
  • Flanax
  • Inza
  • Midol Extended Relief
  • Nalgesin
  • Naposin
  • Naprelan
  • Naprogesic
  • Naprosyn
  • Narocin
  • Proxen
  • Soproxen
  • Synflex
  • Xenobid
Drug: Placebo
Take two placebo capsules three times a day for 12 weeks.
Other Name: Sugar Pill

Detailed Description:
The transition from acute low back pain to chronic low back pain has been shown to be a result of changes in brain circuitry. Learning mechanisms give rise to the transition from acute to chronic pain and render the pain to become more emotional. The aim of this study is to further explore the idea that persistent pain, following an inciting injury, leads to an aversive learning signal that reorganizes the brain into a chronic pain state. We hypothesize that blocking the emotional/motivational learning response triggered by peripheral nerve injury in a critical time window will decrease the probability of transition to chronic pain. The primary hypothesis to be tested in the study is that early treatment with Carbidopa/Levodopa and Naproxen in individuals with sub-acute back pain (SBP) should decrease related reorganization and block transition to chronic back pain (CBP). This will be done through a 6 month, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, three-arm, parallel-group trial of the pharmacological treatment Carbidopa/Levodopa for individuals (N = 200) with sub-acute back pain (SBP). A baseline MRI scan will be used to determine each subject's pain type and group assignment. Individuals with recovering sub-acute back pain will be observed over 6 months. Individuals with a persisting sub-acute back pain will be randomized to receive either 12 weeks of Carbidopa/Levodopa plus naproxen or placebo plus naproxen. The main outcome measurements will be the results of MRI scans at the baseline and final visit, assessment of back pain by the NRS pain scale, as well as pain assessment through self-reported questionnaires.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female, over the age of 18 years, (no racial/ethnic restrictions)
  • Must have a history of low back pain for a minimum of 4 weeks and a maximum of 12 weeks with signs and symptoms of radiculopathy: positive straight leg raising test with dermatomal radiation and/or myotomal weakness and/or reflex asymmetry; pain must radiate into buttock or below
  • Must have a high risk phenotype for chronification of back pain (evaluated at baseline T1-MRI, DTI-MRI, and fMRI scans)
  • Must have an average pain score over a 5 day period (average of ~15 measures on smartphone app) immediately preceding the baseline visit of ≥ 5 (on a 0-10 NRS) at the baseline visit
  • Must be willing to read and able to understand instructions as well as PROs
  • Must be in generally stable health Must sign an informed consent document after complete explanation of the study documenting that they understand the purpose of the study, procedures to be undertaken, possible benefits, potential risks, and are willing to participate

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous (distinct) episodes of back pain onset (more than 3 distinct episodes of back pain lasting for a total of more than 4 weeks) in the previous year
  • Evidence of rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, acute vertebral fractures, chronic spinal stenosis, prior back surgery and history of tumor of the spine
  • Low back pain associated with any systemic signs or symptoms, e.g., fever, chills
  • Other comorbid chronic pain conditions such as fibromyalgia or neuropathic pain secondary to diabetes or post-herpes zoster
  • Chronic neurologic conditions, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and other conditions associated with dementia
  • Significant other medical disease such as congestive heart failure, coronary or peripheral vascular disease, chronic obstructive lung disease, or malignancy
  • Diabetes Type I or Type II
  • History of glaucoma or narrow angle glaucoma
  • Presence of undiagnosed skin lesions or history of melanoma
  • Presence of severe cardiovascular or pulmonary disease, bronchial asthma, renal, hepatic or endocrine disease
  • History of myocardial infarction with residual cardiac arrhythmia
  • History of gastrointestinal bleeding or peptic ulcer
  • Diagnosis of current depression (assessed via BDI, total > 28 are excluded) or psychiatric disorder requiring treatment, or such a diagnosis in the previous 6 months
  • Use of therapeutic doses of antidepressant medications (i.e., tricyclic antidepressants, SSRIs, SNRIs; low doses used only in the evening for sleep will be allowed if dose is not changed)
  • Current use of recreational drugs or recent history of alcohol abuse (pattern of drinking having social, financial or physical consequences) or drug abuse
  • Any change in medication for back pain in the last 30 days
  • High dose opioid prophylaxis, defined as > 50mg morphine equivalent/day
  • Use of MAOIs, currently or within the past 2 weeks
  • Prior use of Levodopa
  • Use of any of the following drugs: bromocryptine, linezolid, metoclopramide, phenothiazines,promethazine/codeine, isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide
  • Oral iron supplementation
  • Contraindications to use of study product, based on any of the following:

    • Hypersensitivity to Carbidopa/Levodopa or other constituents of the Carbidopa/Levodopa capsules
    • Hypersensitivity to lactose or other constituents of the placebo capsules
    • Hypersensitivity to Naproxen or other constituents of the Naproxen capsules
    • Hypersensitivity to Acetaminophen or other constituents of the Acetaminophen tablets
  • Currently taking Levodopa or dopaminergic drugs
  • Involvement in litigation regarding their back pain or having a disability claim or receiving workman's compensation or seeking either as a result of their low back pain
  • In the judgment of the investigator, unable or unwilling to follow protocol and instructions
  • Intra-axial implants (e.g. spinal cord stimulators or pumps)
  • All exclusion criteria for MR safety: any metallic implants, pacemaker, brain or skull abnormalities, tattoos on large body parts, and claustrophobia
  • Pregnancy or inability to use an effective method of birth control in sexually active men and women while taking the study drug and for one week thereafter. Barrier contraceptives (condoms or diaphragm) with spermicide, intrauterine devices (IUD's), hormonal contraceptives, oral contraceptive pills, surgical sterilization, and complete abstinence are examples of effective methods of contraception.
  • Following laboratory abnormalities: liver function tests (SGOT/SGPT) greater than twice the upper limit of normal; unexplained anemia (Hgb <9 g/dL); evidence of renal insufficiency (creatinine >upper limit of normal) or any other abnormality that the principal investigator feels puts the subject at risk during the study
  • History of chronic opioid use for pain management.
  • Any medical condition that in the investigator's judgment may prevent the individual from completing the study or put the individual at undue risk
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01951105


Locations
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Apkar Apkarian, PhD Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Thomas J Schnitzer Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
  More Information

Responsible Party: Apkar Apkarian, Professor, Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01951105     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STU00081444
R01DE022746 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: September 17, 2013
First Posted: September 26, 2013
Last Update Posted: October 11, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017

Keywords provided by Apkar Apkarian, Northwestern University:
Subacute
Back
Pain
Brain
MRI

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Back Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Levodopa
Carbidopa
Carbidopa, levodopa drug combination
Naproxen
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Gout Suppressants
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Aromatic Amino Acid Decarboxylase Inhibitors
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Dopamine Agonists