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GAPP 1 Survey: Global Attitudes of Patients and Physicians in Insulin Therapy for Diabetes Mellitus

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S Identifier:
First received: September 23, 2013
Last updated: April 25, 2017
Last verified: April 2017
This study is conducted in Asia, Europe and in the United States of America. The aim of this study is to examine patient and physician beliefs regarding insulin therapy and the degree to which patients adhere to their insulin regimens.

Condition Intervention
Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Behavioral: No treatment given Behavioral: survey

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: GAPP 1 Survey: Global Attitudes of Patients and Physicians in Insulin Therapy for Diabetes Mellitus

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Novo Nordisk A/S:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Frequency of insulin omission/non-adherence [ Time Frame: In the past 30 days prior to the day when responding to the survey (patient survey) ]
  • Reasons for insulin omission/non-adherence reported by patient and physician [ Time Frame: Day 1 (when responding to the survey) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Impact of insulin treatment on life domains (patient survey) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (when responding to the online questionnaire) ]

Enrollment: 1800
Study Start Date: March 2010
Study Completion Date: September 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Patients with diabetes Behavioral: No treatment given
Survey conducted through computer-assisted telephone interviewing.
Physicians Behavioral: survey
Survey conducted via the Internet.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Insulin treated patients with diabetes (type 1 or 2), and physicians involved in the treatment, management of diabetes and care of patients with diabetes.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 years or older
  • Treated with insulin
  • Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes
  • In practice for more than 1 year since completing residency
  • See a minimum number of patients with diabetes per week (primary care physicians 5, specialists 10)
  • Initiate insulin treatment for patients with diabetes
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01950650

United States, New Jersey
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Princeton, New Jersey, United States, 08540
China, Beijing
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Beijing, Beijing, China, 100004
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Paris La défense cedex, France, 92932
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Mainz, Germany, 55127
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Bangalore, India, 560001
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Tokyo, Japan, 1000005
Russian Federation
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Moscow, Russian Federation, 119330
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Madrid, Spain, 28033
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Istanbul, Turkey, 34335
United Kingdom
Novo Nordisk Investigational Site
Crawley, United Kingdom, RH11 9RT
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
Study Director: Global Clinical Registry (GCR, 1452) Novo Nordisk A/S
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S Identifier: NCT01950650     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GAPP1
U1111-1136-2507 ( Other Identifier: WHO )
Study First Received: September 23, 2013
Last Updated: April 25, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases processed this record on September 21, 2017