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Docetaxel and Lycopene in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01949519
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 24, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 11, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medical University of South Carolina

Brief Summary:

Docetaxel is the standard, first-line chemotherapeutic agent for castrate resistant prostate cancer. While it has clinically useful activity, there is a strong need for substantial improvement in its efficacy. Possible ways for improving docetaxel monotherapy would be to combine it with an agent that either minimized toxicity (thus allowing higher doses) or improves efficacy (by targeting synergistic pathways). Lycopene is an attractive agent for combination with docetaxel because of its known accumulation in prostate tissue, its low toxicity, and its ability to inhibit signaling through the IGF-1 axis, and to reduce IL6 levels. Lycopene is highly synergistic with docetaxel at inhibiting the growth of prostate cancer in mice. The purpose of this study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of lycopene given in combination with docetaxel. This dose can then be used for subsequent phase II or phase III studies.

New findings from the ECOG E3805 study presented at ASCO 2014, showed that concurrent chemotherapy with first-line ADT for newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer markedly improved overall survival compared with delayed or no chemotherapy. These subjects could also benefit from intervention to increase docetaxel effectiveness.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate Drug: Lycopene and Docetaxel Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Docetaxel Plus Synthetic Lycopene in Metastatic Prostate Cancer Patients With Biochemical or Clinical Relapse
Study Start Date : November 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : July 12, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Docetaxel and Lycopene Drug: Lycopene and Docetaxel
During administration of standard of care Docetaxel at 75 mg/m2 on day 15 and every 21 days, study patients will also receive Lycopene at the dose specified per the dose cohort they are enrolled. There are three dose cohort levels as follows: Dose level 1 = 30 mg PO every day; Dose level 2 = 90 mg PO every day; Dose level 3 = 150 mg PO every day.Treatment will continue until disease progression or toxicity or patient withdrawal.
Other Names:
  • LycoVit
  • Taxotere




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determination of the Maximum Tolerated Dose of Lycopene when given in combination with docetaxel [ Time Frame: The Dose Limiting Toxicity period is from Day 1 to Day 36 of study treatment with Lycopene and Docetaxel ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. IGF1 signaling inhibition at MTD [ Time Frame: For patients treated at the dose determined to be the MTD, IGF1 signaling inhibition will be studied at Day 1 and Day 64. ]
    To determine the ability of lycopene given at the MTD in combination with docetaxel, to inhibit IGF1 signaling, as reflected in the level of phosphoIGF1R (Y1131) following ex vivo stimulation of PBMNCs.

  2. Pharmacokinetic assessment of docetaxel and lycopene [ Time Frame: For patients treated at the dose determined to be the MTD, IGF1 signaling inhibition will be studied at Day 1 and Day 64. ]
    To determine the effects of lycopene on the pharmacokinetics of docetaxel and effects of docetaxel on the pharmacokinetics of lycopene during combination therapy.

  3. Assessment of plasma levels of IL6, IGF1, IGF-2, and IGFBP3; and IGF1R level [ Time Frame: Pre-tx and Days 15,36,57,78,and 99. (during MTD phase only): pre-tx, Days 22, 43,64. ]
    To determine the effects of lycopene + docetaxel therapy on plasma levels of IL6, IGF1, IGF-2, and IGFBP3; and IGF1R level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must have a histological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate and 2 increasing pre-study PSA values, the last of which must be ≥1 ng/ml, at least 1 week apart.
  • Patients must have current or prior evidence of metastatic prostate cancer. Patients with radiographic evidence of disease progression but without PSA progression may also be eligible.
  • Subjects may have received prior chemotherapy except for a combination of docetaxel and lycopene. Prior chemotherapy must have been completed at least 1 year prior to start of treatment under this protocol. Prior biologic therapy, or any investigational drug must have been completed at least 28 days prior to start of therapy, and the patient must have recovered from toxicities of prior therapy to grade 1 or less.
  • Patients may or may not be surgically or medically castrated. If surgically or medically castrated, it would be documented by a testosterone level less than 50ng/mL. If the patient is being treated with medical castration, he must be willing to continue this treatment for the duration of the study. ADT should not be initiated, terminated, or dose-adjusted during the study.
  • Prior external beam radiation therapy (to less than 30% of the bone marrow only) is allowed. At least 28 days must have elapsed since the completion of radiation therapy and the patient must have recovered from side effects. Prior treatment with samarium-153, radium-223, or strontium-86 is allowed if at least eight weeks have elapsed since dosing, and all toxicities have resolved to grade 1. Soft tissue disease which has been radiated in the prior 2 months is not assessable as measurable disease.
  • Patients may have received prior surgery. However, at least 21 days must have elapsed since completion of surgery and the patient must have recovered from all side effects.
  • Patient must have adequate hepatic function as defined by 1) a serum bilirubin ≤the institutional upper limit of normal (IULN), and 2) SGOT or SGPT ≤2.5 x the institutional upper limit of normal obtained within 14 days prior to start of therapy. Liver function tests should be evaluated prior to each treatment.
  • Patients must have adequate renal function as defined by a serum creatinine ≤1.5 x the institutional upper limit of normal obtained within 14 days prior to start of therapy.
  • Men of child bearing potential must be willing to consent to using effective contraception while on treatment and for at least 3 months thereafter.
  • Age > 18
  • Patient must have an ECOG performance status 0-2.
  • Patients must meet the following hematological criteria (minimal values):
  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mcL
  • Hemoglobin of > 8.0gm/dL,
  • White blood cell count >2,500/mcL,
  • Platelets > 100,000/mcL Patients with lower values may participate if, in the opinion of the investigator, the cytopenias are the result of bone marrow involvement with active prostate cancer.
  • Patients must be able to take oral medications.
  • All patients must be informed and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines. Patients who are unable to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures are ineligible.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled brain or spinal cord metastases
  • History of congestive heart failure or myocardial infarction within the previous six months.
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of the study drugs
  • Evidence or history of a bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy, including therapy-induced coagulopathy.
  • Presence of chronic diarrhea (> grade 1 by CTC criteria), short bowel syndrome,pancreatic insufficiency, or malabsorption.
  • Presence of any severe or uncontrolled concurrent medical condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would increase the risk of serious toxicity from the study drugs.
  • Concurrent use of any vitamin, herb, or mineral supplements containing lycopene for at least 14 days prior to start of therapy
  • Evidence of Grade 2 neuropathy at time of screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01949519


Locations
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United States, South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Administration Medical Center
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of South Carolina
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Michael Lilly, MD Medical University of South Carolina

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Responsible Party: Medical University of South Carolina
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01949519     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 101681
1R21CA166839-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 24, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 11, 2018
Last Verified: October 2016
Keywords provided by Medical University of South Carolina:
prostate cancer
lycopene
docetaxel
metastatic
castration resistant
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lycopene
Docetaxel
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antioxidants
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiation-Protective Agents
Anticarcinogenic Agents