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In-hospital and Long-term Outcomes for Percutaneous Chronic Total Coronary Occlusion Revascularization in a High-volume, Multi-operator Program (Perspective)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01946724
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 20, 2013
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Piedmont Healthcare

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to study whether percutaneous chronic total occlusion (CTO) revascularization, by the use of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), stenting, guidewire, and catheter, improves a patient's quality of life and their left ventricular function, reduces angina severity, and improves long-term survival.

Condition or disease
Ischemic Heart Disease

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to study whether percutaneous chronic total occlusion (CTO) revascularization, by the use of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), stenting, guidewire, and catheter, improves a patient's quality of life and their left ventricular function, reduces angina severity, and improves long-term survival. The study will consist of the two following groups:

Retrospective patients This group will consist of consecutive patients that have already undergone CTO PCI by the PHI CTO team.

  • The patients will be contacted by telephone for informed consent and will be asked how they are feeling and if they have seen any doctors for their heart conditions. The patient will also be asked if they are taking antiplatelet medicines as prescribed, and if there have been any changes in on their medicines.
  • If more than 12 months have passed since the procedure, the patients will be queried regarding medical history
  • If the patient cannot be contacted, then analysis of data will be limited to de-identified data collected from the chart, procedure angiogram, and the procedure report.

Prospective patients This group will consist of patients in which the CTO procedure will be performed by the PHI CTO team.

  • A clinical assessment will be performed before the stent procedure
  • A blood sample will be taken for routine blood chemistry and hematology
  • Medications will be prescribed to prevent blood clots
  • Follow-up will occur 6 and 12 months post-procedure

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 500 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Other
Official Title: A Single Center, Observational Study to Evaluate Procedural, In-hospital and Long-term Outcomes for Percutaneous Chronic Total Coronary Occlusion Revascularization in a High-volume, Multi-operator Program
Actual Study Start Date : August 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 24, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : May 24, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. CTO procedural success [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    CTO procedural success as defined by an achievement of a final residual angiographic stenosis < 50% within the treated segment with >=TIMI 2 antegrade flow.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE) [ Time Frame: Prior to Index Hospitalization Discharge (< 1 year from procedure) ]
    The occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE): death, myocardial infarction, and repeat target lesion revascularization (TLR) prior to index hospitalization discharge (< 1 year from procedure)


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. MACE [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    1-year composite clinical outcome of MACE among all subjects undergoing attempted CTO revascularization that are enrolled in the study.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Subjects experiencing clinical symptoms considered suggestive of ischemic heart disease or having evidence of myocardial ischemia who have had or are scheduled to have percutaneous chronic total occlusion (CTO) revasulcarization by Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The subject is > 18 years of age at the time of consent
  2. Subjects experiencing clinical symptoms considered suggestive of ischemic heart disease (eg, chest pain or discomfort or symptoms considered by the investigator to represent anginal equivalents) or having evidence of myocardial ischemia (eg, abnormal functional study) attributed to the CTO target vessel and scheduled for clinically indicated percutaneous CTO revascularization or are subjects with multi-vessel disease and/or Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) that are undergoing a staged CTO PCI procedure with the intent to achieve complete revascularization.
  3. Subject must have at least 1 target segment meeting non-acute total coronary occlusion as defined below. A CTO is any non-acute total coronary occlusion fulfilling the following angiographic characteristics and:

    1. High-grade native coronary stenosis
    2. Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 0 or 1 antegrade flow
    3. Estimated in duration at least 3 months by clinical history and/or comparison with antecedent angiogram, functional study or electrocardiogram
    4. CTO segment may be de novo or previously treated via PCI
  4. Subject is eligible and consents to undergo or has undergone a PCI procedure
  5. Subject is an acceptable candidate for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and stenting.
  6. Subject is willing and able to provide informed consent as approved by local Institutional Review Board/Ethics Committee and to complete the protocol requirements for the study.
  7. Female subjects of child-bearing potential with a negative qualitative or quantitative pregnancy test in accordance to the Piedmont Hospital Policy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any known allergy, hypersensitivity or contraindication to iodinated contrast that cannot be effectively managed medically
  2. Any known allergy, hypersensitivity or contraindication to clopidogrel bisulfate (Plavix®), prasugrel (Effient®) or ticagrelor (Brilinta®)-- for which alternative agents cannot be used-- or aspirin, heparin, nickel, stainless steel, zotarolimus, or everolimus
  3. Any contraindication to cardiac catheterization or to any of the standard concomitant therapies used during routine cardiac catheterization and PCI
  4. Subjects with any other pathology or indication which in the opinion of the investigator, might put the subject at risk, preclude follow-up, or in any way confound the results of the study
  5. Known previous medical condition yielding expected survival less than one year
  6. Subjects who are unable or unwilling to comply with the protocol or not expected to complete the study period, including its follow-up requirements
  7. Subjects with evidence of ongoing or active clinical instability including any of the following:

    1. Sustained systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg (if different from baseline) or cardiogenic shock
    2. Acute pulmonary edema that has not been medically stabilized
    3. Suspected acute myocarditis, pericarditis, endocarditis, or cardiac tamponade
    4. Suspected dissecting aortic aneurysm
  8. Subjects with known clinically significant abnormal laboratory findings including:

    1. White Blood Cells (<1,000 WBC/mm3)
    2. Thrombocytopenia (<100,000 platelets/mm3)
  9. Subjects with history of bleeding diathesis or coagulapathy or refusal of blood transfusions
  10. Female subjects of child-bearing potential with a positive qualitative or quantitative pregnancy test or with a negative qualitative or quantitative pregnancy test who plan to become pregnant within 12 months of enrolling in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01946724


Locations
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United States, Georgia
Piedmont Heart Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30309
Sponsors and Collaborators
Piedmont Healthcare
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: David Kandzari, MD Piedmont Heart Institute

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Responsible Party: Piedmont Healthcare
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01946724     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Perspective
First Posted: September 20, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 4, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Diseases
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Occlusion
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Coronary Disease
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases