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Evidence-Based Colorectal Cancer Screening for the Uninsured

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01946282
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 19, 2013
Results First Posted : March 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 19, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:
Through this program, the investigators will test a systematic colon cancer screening outreach strategy for increasing screening completion among uninsured patients, not up-to-date with screening. The intervention will consist of mailed screening invitations, with processes such as phone reminders to promote screening and evidence based follow up. All patients will be randomly assigned to receive mailed invitations to complete a home fecal immunochemical test (FIT). Some patients will be randomly assigned to receive a small financial incentive on completion of FIT testing.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Other: FIT Invitation Only Other: FIT plus $5 Incentive Other: FIT plus $10 Incentive Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

All patients meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria will receive mailed invitation and FIT kit to complete screening, with processes to promote screening completion. The list of eligible patients will be divided into 5 groups so that the expected group of 10,000 patients will receive invitations spread out in time, so as to avoid overwhelming the system. The invitation letters emphasize importance of colorectal cancer screening, encourage the patient to complete FIT screening with the enclosed FIT kit, and will be signed by John Pter Smith (JPS) investigators as representatives of JPS primary care physicians.

The invitation kit will include a 1-sample POLYMEDCO Sensor FIT, including simplified instructions on how to perform the test, as well as a return mailer with prepaid postage. Diet/medication restriction will not be required. Kits will be returned to JPS and processed per manufacturer recommendations.

Automated and "live" phone call reminders to encourage screening completion will be sent at time of invite and within week 1 of the invitation. Up to two "live" phone call reminders will be attempted 2 to 3 weeks post invitation, using English and Spanish standard scripts.

Follow up for patients with a normal test in Year 1 will consist of repeat screening invitations in Year 2 and Year 3 consistent with guideline recommended annual FIT for colorectal screening. Follow up for patients with an abnormal FIT will consist of navigation to complete a colonoscopy. Patients with abnormal FIT will be called by the screening team within 1 week to report the result and facilitate direct scheduling of colonoscopy or a pre-colonoscopy visit. Follow up of patients with a colorectal cancer will consist of navigation to first treatment consultation visit. A surgery or oncology clinic follow up will be scheduled for all patients with a colorectal cancer diagnosis if such follow up is not already scheduled by the colonoscopist who diagnosed the colorectal cancer. Reminder calls for these visits will be made daily for up to one week.

A group of 2,000 individuals will be randomly assigned to receive a modest financial incentive to complete screening, in addition to the organized outreach program. The incentive will consist of a gift card in one of two small dollar amounts to a local retailer. Incentives will be mailed by the JPS outreach team, in exchange for successful FIT completion, after the FIT has been returned.

Follow up for determining screening completion for all included patients will be through the end of Year 3 regardless of whether or not patients respond to screening invitations. Once included, patients will remain in the program unless they no longer meet age criteria. Patients in both the standard (non-incentive) and incentive invitation groups who do not respond to initial invitation will be followed for screening outcomes, but will not receive repeat invitations. For patients who die on follow up or who do not have additional health system encounters, follow up will be censored at time of death or last health encounter, respectively.

Each year, patients who newly meet our inclusion/exclusion criteria will be included in the program. For example, patients newly turning 50 in year 2 or 3 meeting all other inclusion/exclusion criteria will receive screening outreach. Similarly, a 60 year old patient new to the JPS system and meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria will also receive screening outreach.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8565 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Evidence-Based Colorectal Cancer Screening for the Uninsured
Actual Study Start Date : November 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: FIT Invitation Only

Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) mailed to patient homes free of charge.

Intervention: Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) kits and an invitation letter to complete colorectal cancer screening are mailed to the homes of study eligible patients. A postage paid return mailer is included. Automated and "live" phone call reminders are made at the time of invitation and within one week of invitation. Up to two "live" phone call reminders are attempted 2 to 3 weeks post invitation.

Follow up for patients who return a normal test in Year 1 will consist of repeat screening invitations in Year 2 and Year 3 consistent with guideline recommended annual FIT for colorectal cancer screening. Follow up for patients who return an abnormal test will consist of navigation to complete colonoscopy.

Other: FIT Invitation Only
Patients meeting the inclusion / exclusion criteria are mailed invitations to complete a free colorectal cancer screening. POLYMEDCO Fecal Immunochemical Tests (FIT) are mailed to patient homes with instructions, followed up with live and TELEVOX reminder phone calls.
Other Names:
  • POLYMEDCO Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT)
  • John Peter Smith Health System

Active Comparator: FIT plus $5 Incentive

Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) mailed to patient homes, plus an incentive to complete the test.

Intervention: FIT kits and invitation letter with a $5 gift card incentive to complete screening are mailed to the homes of 1000 randomly assigned eligible patients. A postage paid return mailer is included. Automated and "live" phone call reminders are made at the time of invitation and within one week of invitation. Up to two "live" phone call reminders are attempted 2 to 3 weeks post invitation.

Follow up for patients who return a normal test in Year 1 will consist of repeat screening invitations in Year 2 and Year 3. Follow up for patients who return an abnormal test will consist of navigation to complete colonoscopy.

Other: FIT plus $5 Incentive
Patients meeting the inclusion / exclusion criteria are mailed invitations to complete a free colorectal cancer screening. POLYMEDCO Fecal Immunochemical Tests (FIT) are mailed to patient homes with instructions, followed up with live and TELEVOX reminder phone calls. Patients are offered a small incentive to complete their screening.
Other Names:
  • POLYMEDCO Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT)
  • John Peter Smith Health System

Active Comparator: FIT plus $10 Incentive

Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) mailed to patient homes, plus an incentive to complete the test.

Intervention: FIT kits and invitation letter with a $10 gift card incentive to complete screening are mailed to the homes of 1000 randomly assigned eligible patients. A postage paid return mailer is included. Automated and "live" phone call reminders are made at the time of invitation and within one week of invitation. Up to two "live" phone call reminders are attempted 2 to 3 weeks post invitation.

Follow up for patients who return a normal test in Year 1 will consist of repeat screening invitations in Year 2 and Year 3. Follow up for patients who return an abnormal test will consist of navigation to complete colonoscopy.

Other: FIT plus $10 Incentive
Patients meeting the inclusion / exclusion criteria are mailed invitations to complete a free colorectal cancer screening. POLYMEDCO Fecal Immunochemical Tests (FIT) are mailed to patient homes with instructions, followed up with live and TELEVOX reminder phone calls. Patients are offered a small incentive to complete their screening.
Other Name: POLYMEDCO Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. FIT Completion Among Patients Offered Any Incentive vs. Outreach Alone Each Year [ Time Frame: Each year for three years ]
    Primary outcome was analyzed using an intent-to-screen approach where a 2-sided P-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Patients were randomly assigned to one of 3 groups: outreach only, outreach + $5 incentive upon FIT return, and outreach + $10 incentive upon FIT return. For analysis, incentive groups were combined and compared to outreach alone.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. FIT Completion for Groups Offered $5 vs. Outreach Alone, $10 vs. Outreach Alone, and $5 vs. $10 Incentive [ Time Frame: Each year for three years ]
    Patients were randomly assigned to one of 3 groups: outreach only, outreach + $5 incentive upon FIT return, and outreach + $10 incentive upon FIT return. In year 4, use of financial incentives were discontinued and all patients with a normal result in year 3 were invited to complete a FIT using outreach only, regardless of their original intervention group.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 50-64.
  • Uninsured, but participants in John Peter Smith Health System (JPS) medical assistance program for the uninsured.
  • One or more visits to a JPS primary care clinic within a year.
  • Not up-to-date with colorectal cancer screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a history of Colorectal Cancer or colon resection, no address and/or phone number on file, or who are incarcerated will be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01946282


Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Keith Argenbright, M.D. UT Southwestern Medical Center
Study Director: Samir Gupta, M.D. University of California, San Diego
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:
Publications:

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01946282    
Other Study ID Numbers: PP120229 (IRB# 082012-086)
First Posted: September 19, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 19, 2020
Last Update Posted: March 19, 2020
Last Verified: March 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:
neoplasm
colorectal
cancer
uninsured
FIT
Fecal Immunochemical Test
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases