The Effect of Breast Augmentation on the Quality of Echocardiography Test

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01945463
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 18, 2013
Last Update Posted : November 28, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hadassah Medical Organization

Brief Summary:

Breast augmentation surgery is currently the most common elective plastic surgery performed in the US. With regards to the surgical technique, there are 4 incisional sites available for breast augmentation, each with its advantages and disadvantages: Axillary, Periareolar, inframammary, and umbilical. The implant is inserted in either a subglandular (beneath breast tissue), submuscular (underneath the Pectoralis Major), or "dual-plane" (combination of both) manner.

Echocardiography is the most commonly used diagnostic test in cardiology for the evaluation of cardiac structure and function. Its use has increased dramatically in the last decades. We have encountered three women with congenital heart disease who have undergone breast augmentation, and their echocardiographic images were significantly limited after the implantation. There is only one case report in the medical literature suggesting that breast implants interfere with echocardiographic views .

The underlying physical property of the silicone breast implants that causes interference with the ultrasound beam during echocardiographic examination is not known and has not been studied. Similar to air in the lung but to a lesser degree, silicone breast implants appear to prevent penetration of ultrasound beams. The poor penetration appears to be persistent and unrevealing despite increase in gain or change in the ultrasound wave's frequency.

Many women elect breast augmentation for cosmetic reasons. Women with congenital heart disease who have undergone cardiac surgery may have breast asymmetry or distortion and desire augmentation accordingly.

Knowledge of the extent of impairment of breast implants to the echocardiographic examination is important for few reasons:

  1. Women with heart disease who need echocardiographic follow up and wish to undergo breast augmentation should be consulted as to the limitation of the echocardiographic examination following the procedure.
  2. Women without heart disease considering breast augmentation should be informed of potential echocardiographic interference, if echocardiography be needed in the future,
  3. Different surgical techniques may cause different masking effect.
  4. Different implants size and shape may cause different masking effect.

Condition or disease
Breast Augmentation

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 4 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Actual Study Start Date : October 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2016

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of women in which the breast implant will affect the quality of the Echo test. [ Time Frame: one month ]
    The women will be gone through two Echo tests, the first before the operation and the second six weeks after the operation. The physician will compare the two tests.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Women undergoing breast augmentation

Inclusion Criteria:

1. 1. Women with heart disease who need echocardiographic follow up and wish to undergo breast augmentation

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Unwillingness to participate.

Responsible Party: Hadassah Medical Organization Identifier: NCT01945463     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0378-13
First Posted: September 18, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 28, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017