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Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Caspofungin Versus Amphotericin B Deoxycholate in the Treatment of Invasive Candidiasis in Neonates and Infants (MK-0991-064)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01945281
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 18, 2013
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The study will evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of caspofungin as compared with amphotericin B deoxycholate in the treatment of invasive candidiasis in neonates and infants. The primary hypothesis to be tested in the study is that caspofungin will be superior to amphotericin B deoxycholate with regard to the proportion of participants with fungal-free survival at the 2-week posttherapy follow-up visit.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Candidiasis, Invasive Drug: Caspofungin Drug: Amphotericin B Deoxycholate Phase 2

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 90 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Comparator-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Caspofungin Versus Amphotericin B Deoxycholate in the Treatment of Invasive Candidiasis in Neonates and Infants Less Than 3 Months of Age
Actual Study Start Date : January 15, 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 29, 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 9, 2018


Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Caspofungin
Caspofungin 2 mg/kg intravenous once daily for ≥14 days after documented negative culture and improvement of clinical signs and symptoms, for a maximum of 90 days treatment
Drug: Caspofungin
Active Comparator: Amphotericin B Deoxycholate
Amphotericin B deoxycholate 1 mg/kg intravenous once daily for ≥14 days after documented negative culture and improvement of clinical signs and symptoms, for a maximum of 90 days treatment
Drug: Amphotericin B Deoxycholate


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants with Fungal-free Survival Through the 2-week Posttherapy Period [ Time Frame: Up to 104 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants with Fungal-free Survival Through the End of Study Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 3 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Culture-confirmed invasive Candida infection

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Candida disease limited to the oropharynx, esophagus, or other mucosal or superficial skin surfaces
  • Positive culture for Candida only from sputum, broncho-alveolar lavage, catheter tip, or previously placed indwelling non-vascular catheters or drains
  • Prosthetic device as the suspected site of Candida infection
  • Active co-infection with a non-Candida fungal organism
  • Received >48 hours of systemic antifungal treatment since the positive Candida index culture was collected as therapy for the present episode of invasive candidiasis
  • Failed prior systemic antifungal therapy for the present episode of invasive candidiasis
  • Diagnosis of acute hepatitis or cirrhosis
  • Scheduled or anticipated to receive rifampin or other systemic antifungal therapy while on study therapy
  • History (including participant's mother) of allergy, hypersensitivity, or any serious reaction to caspofungin or other member of the echinocandin class, or to amphotericin B deoxycholate or other member of the polyene class
  • Severe congenital disorder known to lower immune response
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01945281


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
More Information

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01945281     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0991-064
First Posted: September 18, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 6, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Candidiasis
Candidiasis, Invasive
Mycoses
Invasive Fungal Infections
Amphotericin B
Liposomal amphotericin B
Caspofungin
Echinocandins
Amphotericin B, deoxycholate drug combination
Deoxycholic Acid
Amebicides
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Antifungal Agents
Cholagogues and Choleretics
Gastrointestinal Agents