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Family Mediation Program For At-Risk Youth

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01944748
First Posted: September 18, 2013
Last Update Posted: April 6, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
RAND
  Purpose
The goal of this project is to conduct a pilot evaluation of a parent-child mediation program for at-risk youth. It is investigating whether families who receive parent-child mediation show greater improvement in family functioning, as well as adolescent substance use, academic performance, and delinquency, over a 6-week and 12-week period compared to a wait-list control sample.

Condition Intervention
Family Functioning Behavioral: Families Able To Resolve Situations (FARS)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Family Mediation Program For At-Risk Youth

Further study details as provided by RAND:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Positive Family Relations [ Time Frame: 6-week ]
    6-item Positive Family Relations measure adapted from the Cohesion subscale of Moos & Moos Family Environment Scale (Metzler et al., 1998; Journal of Family Psychology, 12, 600-619). Items are rated on a 5-point scale ("not at all" to "very much") and averaged to create a scale score.

  • Family Conflict [ Time Frame: 6-week ]
    5-item measure from the Family, Friends and Self (FFS) assessment scales (Simpson & McBride, 1992; Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 14, 327-340). Items are rated on a 5-point scale ("never" to "almost always") and averaged to create a scale score.

  • Family Communication [ Time Frame: 6-week ]
    10-item measure assessing open vs. problem communication (McCubbin, Thompson & McCubbin, 1996; Family assessment: Resiliency, coping and adaptation - Inventories for research and practice. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin). Items are rated on a 5-point scale ("never" to "almost always") and averaged to create a scale score.

  • Parent Support [ Time Frame: 6-week ]
    4-item measure (Wills et al., 2004; Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 18, 122-134). Items are rated on a 5-point scale ("never" to "almost always") and averaged to create a scale score.

  • Positive Family Relations [ Time Frame: 12-week ]
    6-item Positive Family Relations measure adapted from the Cohesion subscale of Moos & Moos Family Environment Scale (Metzler et al., 1998; Journal of Family Psychology, 12, 600-619). Items are rated on a 5-point scale ("not at all" to "very much") and averaged to create a scale score.

  • Family Conflict [ Time Frame: 12-week ]
    5-item measure from the Family, Friends and Self (FFS) assessment scales (Simpson & McBride, 1992; Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 14, 327-340). Items are rated on a 5-point scale ("never" to "almost always") and averaged to create a scale score.

  • Family Communication [ Time Frame: 12-week ]
    10-item measure assessing open vs. problem communication (McCubbin, Thompson & McCubbin, 1996; Family assessment: Resiliency, coping and adaptation - Inventories for research and practice. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin). Items are rated on a 5-point scale ("never" to "almost always") and averaged to create a scale score.

  • Parent Support [ Time Frame: 12-week ]
    4-item measure (Wills et al., 2004; Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 18, 122-134). Items are rated on a 5-point scale ("never" to "almost always") and averaged to create a scale score.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Lifetime and Past Month Substance Use [ Time Frame: 6-week ]

    Number of times used in lifetime (range: "0 times" to "7 or more times") and number of days used in past month (range: "0 days" to "20-30-days") for each of the following substances: cigarettes; alcohol; marijuana; inhalants; any other illegal drug or pill to get high; over-the-counter medicines or OTCs to get high; and prescription medicines to get high.

    Additional items ask about quantity of cigarette, alcohol and marijuana use on days used, as well as intentions to use each of these substances in next 6 months (4-point scale, ranging from "definitely yes" to "definitely no").


  • Academic Performance [ Time Frame: 6-week ]
    Items ask about typical grades in past month (range: "mostly A's" to "mostly F's"), school attachment (4-item measure from National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health), highest level of school the youth plans to finish (range: "I may not finish high school" to "I plan to go to graduate or professional school"), number of days skipped school in past month, and history of suspension from school.

  • Delinquency [ Time Frame: 6-weeks ]
    13-item measure that includes items from Project ALERT and National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Items are rated on a 7-point scale ("0 days" to "20-30 days").

  • Lifetime and Past Month Substance Use [ Time Frame: 12-week ]

    Number of times used in lifetime (range: "0 times" to "7 or more times") and number of days used in past month (range: "0 days" to "20-30-days") for each of the following substances: cigarettes; alcohol; marijuana; inhalants; any other illegal drug or pill to get high; over-the-counter medicines or OTCs to get high; and prescription medicines to get high.

    Additional items ask about quantity of cigarette, alcohol and marijuana use on days used, as well as intentions to use each of these substances in next 6 months (4-point scale, ranging from "definitely yes" to "definitely no").


  • Academic Performance [ Time Frame: 12-week ]
    Items ask about typical grades in past month (range: "mostly A's" to "mostly F's"), school attachment (4-item measure from National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health), highest level of school the youth plans to finish (range: "I may not finish high school" to "I plan to go to graduate or professional school"), number of days skipped school in past month, and history of suspension from school.

  • Delinquency [ Time Frame: 12-weeks ]
    13-item measure that includes items from Project ALERT and National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Items are rated on a 7-point scale ("0 days" to "20-30 days").


Enrollment: 111
Study Start Date: July 2011
Study Completion Date: April 2016
Primary Completion Date: February 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Family Mediation
Families receive FARS family mediation program after completing baseline survey.
Behavioral: Families Able To Resolve Situations (FARS)
Family mediation is a method of resolving conflicts between parents and teens. During the mediation session, the parent and teen each meet one-on-one with a trained volunteer mediator, who is a neutral person who listens to each party's concerns without taking sides. Then the parent and teen come together and meet with this mediator to work on resolving conflicts they are having. Families participate in up to 3 mediation sessions.
No Intervention: Wait-list control
Families receive FARS family mediation program after completing baseline, 6-week and 12-week surveys.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Has a child referred to FARS due to having problems in any of the following areas: (a) poor grades; (b) truancy; (c) defiant behavior; (d) running away; (e) delinquency; (f) substance use
  2. Agrees to participate in at least one FARS mediation session
  3. Agrees to complete 3 surveys and be available over the next 3 months for follow-up
  4. Fluent in English or Spanish

    Exclusion Criteria: Families referred to FARS due to: (a) conflicts involving gang violence (e.g., shootings, killings); (b) conflicts involving weapons; (c) arson; (d) conflicts involving explicit sex activities; (e) conflicts involving domestic violence/child abuse; and (f) threats to harm self or others.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01944748


Locations
United States, California
Centinela Youth Services
Hawthorne, California, United States, 90250
Sponsors and Collaborators
RAND
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Joan S. Tucker, PhD RAND
  More Information

Responsible Party: RAND
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01944748     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R34DA031910 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: September 3, 2013
First Posted: September 18, 2013
Last Update Posted: April 6, 2016
Last Verified: April 2016