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Safety and Efficacy of Revlimid® (Lenalidomide) With Mabthera® (Rituximab) in Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (R2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01939327
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 11, 2013
Last Update Posted : May 11, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut Paoli-Calmettes

Brief Summary:

The incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is steadily increasing worldwide. At present, it is the sixth most commonly diagnosed cancer in France, with 10 000 estimated new cases and 5200 deaths annually. An increasing NHL incidence at a rate of 3-4% per year was observed for the 1970s and 1980s. This stabilized in the 1990s, nevertheless still with an annual rise of 1-2%, resulting in almost a doubling of the NHL incidence during last 40 years. This rise has been noted worldwide, particularly in elderly persons >55 years. Increases in high-grade NHL and extranodal disease are predominant. There is about 80% of B-cell histology, approximately 90% of follicular lymphomas and about 70% of aggressive lymphoma patients present with disseminated disease at diagnosis. The prognosis of NHL depends on the histological type, stage and treatment. Indolent lymphomas have a relatively good prognosis with survival time as long as 10 years, but they are usually incurable in advanced stages. Aggressive NHL constitutes about 50% of all cases of NHL in Western Europe. Approximately 50 - 60% of these patients can be cured with immuno-chemotherapy regiments. Subsequently, almost 50% of patients will eventually relapse or become refractory to treatment. The prognosis for patients with refractory or relapsed aggressive NHL is generally poor. The response rates to salvage therapy regimens range from 20 to 40%. Patients who present with refractory disease have the worst prognosis, with a median survival of less than six months. Only a minority of patients can be given high dose chemotherapy, the majority being ineligible due to disease progression.

By modulating the immune system through dendritic cells and NK cells, by changing the cytokine milieu, and by their anti-angiogenic effects, IMiDs in combination with mabthera (rituximab) resulted in augmented in vitro and vivo antitumor effects against B-cell lymphoma.

As concerns the timing of administration and doses of medications, phase I/II studies are ongoing with R-CHOP in combination with Revlimid (Lenalidomide) in DLBCL. The latest presentation is by Nowakowski et al. at ASCO meeting in June 2010. This study determined the maximum tolerated dose of Revlimid(Lenalidomide)administered on days 1-10 with standard R-CHOP (R2-CHOP). NO DLT was found and 25 mg of Revlimid(Lenalidomide)was the recommended dose for phase II with enrollment of 32 patients. These encouraging results permit to introduce in our much less toxic protocol 25 mg of Revlimid(Lenalidomide)as initial dose, with progressive reduction in case of toxicity.

As regards the dose and timing of Mabthera(Rituximab), in DLBCL it was traditionally used as a single 375 mg/m2 injection/cycle. Pre-clinical data suggests that for the optimal NK enhancement Revlimid(Lenalidomide)must be administrated several days (approx. 7 days) before Mabthera(Rituximab)injection. So, our protocol provides Mabthera(Rituximab)IV administration at day 7 of Revlimid(Lenalidomide).

Performed parallel biological investigation of NK status will permit to confirm this hypothesis with possible correction of timing and number of administrations of Mabthera(Rituximab)par cycle.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Drug: Lenalidomide/Rituximab Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Single-arm, Open-label Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Combination Lenalidomide (Revlimid®) With Rituximab in Subjets With Relapsed or Refractory Diffuse Large b Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.
Actual Study Start Date : September 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lymphoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenalidomide/Rituximab
Association of Lenalidomide and Rituximab
Drug: Lenalidomide/Rituximab

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate [ Time Frame: at 6 months ]
    The efficacy is evaluated by the response rate defined as complete and partial response or stable disease.according to Cheson 2007 criteria and by PET-SCAN

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression [ Time Frame: at 6 months ]
    • Duration of response defined from the time when criteria for response (CR or PR) are met to the first documentation of relapse or progression.
    • Time to Progression defined as the time from randomisation to first documentation of objective tumour progression (date of tumour assessment documenting progressive disease) or to death due to lymphoma whichever comes first. Progression is assessed by CT scan and/or bone marrow biopsy according to Cheson criteria modified in 2007.
    • Progression free survival defined as the time from inclusion to progression
    • Tumor control rate : complete response, complete response unconfirmed, partial response, and stable disease

  2. safety [ Time Frame: up to 1 year ]
    The safety of the study treatment will be assessed on occurrence of Adverse Events (AEs), graded based on NCI CTCAE v4.0 classification.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. NK cells [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ]
    - Biological study of antigenic modulation and immune functions of immunocompetent cells (NK cells, T8 gamma/delta, monocytes/macrophages, neutrophiles) before, during and after treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

INCLUSION criteria

  1. Age ≥ 18 years.
  2. Diagnosis of relapsed or refractory to previous therapy biopsy-proven Diffuse Large B cell non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (there is no limit on the number of prior therapies. Subjects who have relapsed following an autologous stem cell transplant are eligible.)
  3. Measurable disease on cross sectional imaging that is at least 2 cm in the longest diameter.
  4. ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status score of 0, 1, or 2.
  5. Life expectancy of >= 90 days (3 months).
  6. Must be able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  7. Signed informed consent
  8. Social security program affiliation
  9. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP*) must have negative pregnancy test (sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL) prior to starting study drug in accordance with the Global Pregnancy Prevention Plan (PPP, annex 6)
  10. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must agree to use two reliable forms of contraception simultaneously** or to practice complete abstinence from heterosexual intercourse during the following time periods related to this study: 1) for at least 28 days before starting study drug; 2) while participating in the study drug; and 3) for at least 12 months after discontinuation from the study drug.

Male Subjects must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with females of childbearing potential while participating in the study and for at least 28 days following discontinuation from the study even if he has undergone a successful vasectomy.

Agree not to donate blood, semen or sperm while taking study drug and for 28 days after stopping study drug. Do not share drug with other person. Do not break, chew, or open study drug capsules. Return unused study drug capsules to the study doctor.

EXCLUSION criteria

  1. Any of the following laboratory abnormalities:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1.5 x 109/L.
    • Platelet count < 60 x 109/L.
    • Calculated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula) of < 50mL/min.
    • Serum SGOT/AST or SGPT/ALT 5.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • Serum total bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dL (34 μmol/L)/conjugated bilirubin >0.8mg/dL, except in case of hemolytic anemia.
  2. Subjects who are candidates for and willing to undergo an autologous stem cell transplant.
  3. Subjects who are post allogenic stem cell transplant.
  4. All subjects with active central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. Subjects with previous CNS lymphoma that have been treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery who have remained asymptomatic for 90 days (3 months) and demonstrate, no CNS lymphoma, as shown by lumbar puncture, CT scan or MRI, are eligible. (If required, lumbar puncture, CT or MRI should be performed during screening process.) Subjects should not be receiving corticosteroids.
  5. Prior history of malignancies other than NHL (except for basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast) unless the subject has been free of the disease for 5 years
  6. Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form.
  7. Pregnant or lactating females.
  8. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

    • Ongoing, severe or active infection requiring antibiotics.
    • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus as defined by the investigator.
    • Chronic symptomatic congestive heart failure (Class III or IV of the New York Heart Association Classification for Heart Disease).
    • Unstable angina pectoris, angioplasty, stenting, or myocardial infarctions within 168 days (6 months).
    • Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia that is symptomatic or requires treatment, or asymptomatic sustained ventricular tachycardia.
  9. Prior ≥ Grade 3 allergic reaction/hypersensitivity to thalidomide.
  10. Prior ≥ Grade 3 rash or any desquamating (blistering) rash while taking thalidomide.
  11. Subjects with ≥ Grade 2 neuropathy.
  12. Prior use of lenalidomide.
  13. Use of any standard or experimental anti-cancer drug therapy within 28 days of the initiation (Day 1) of study drug therapy.
  14. Known active Hepatitis B or C.
  15. Known positive for HIV.
  16. Known hypersensibility to Rituximab or excipients, or to murine proteins,
  17. Patients with severe immune deficit

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01939327

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Institut Paoli-Calmettes
Marseille, France, 13009
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut Paoli-Calmettes
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Principal Investigator: Vadim IVANOV, MD Institut Paoli-Calmettes
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Institut Paoli-Calmettes Identifier: NCT01939327    
Other Study ID Numbers: R2/IPC-2012-004
First Posted: September 11, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 11, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Keywords provided by Institut Paoli-Calmettes:
diffuse large B cell
non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors