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Ipilimumab, Cetuximab, and Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated Stage III-IVB Head and Neck Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01935921
First Posted: September 5, 2013
Last Update Posted: December 12, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  Purpose
This phase Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of ipilimumab when given together with cetuximab and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in treating patients with previously untreated stage III-IVB head and neck cancer. Monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab and cetuximab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Specialized radiation therapy, such as IMRT, that delivers a high dose of radiation directly to the tumor may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue. Giving ipilimumab together with cetuximab and IMRT may kill more tumor cells.

Condition Intervention Phase
Stage III Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage III Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage III Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVA Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVA Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVA Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVB Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVB Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVB Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Biological: Cetuximab Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Biological: Ipilimumab Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib Trial of Concurrent Cetuximab (ERBITUX®) and Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) With Ipilimumab (YERVOY®) in Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of dose limiting toxicities at each dose level assessed using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical response by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be analyzed by generalized linear models with dose-response analysis using logistic regression.

  • HPV status [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  • Myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) cell counts [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  • Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be analyzed by generalized linear models.

  • Serum factors and tumor infiltrates [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  • T cell phenotypes [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  • T regulatory cell counts [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]

Enrollment: 19
Actual Study Start Date: April 9, 2013
Primary Completion Date: October 29, 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (cetuximab, IMRT, and ipilimumab)
Patients receive cetuximab IV over 60-120 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment with cetuximab repeats every 4 weeks for 2 courses. Beginning in week 2 of course 1, patients undergo concurrent IMRT 5 days per week for 7 weeks. Beginning in week 4 (day 1 of course 2) patients also receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes once every 21 days for 3 courses. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving disease progression may undergo surgery after completion of therapy.
Biological: Cetuximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Chimeric Anti-EGFR Monoclonal Antibody
  • Chimeric MoAb C225
  • Chimeric Monoclonal Antibody C225
  • Erbitux
  • IMC-C225
Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy
Undergo IMRT
Other Names:
  • IMRT
  • Intensity Modulated RT
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy
Biological: Ipilimumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 Monoclonal Antibody
  • BMS-734016
  • MDX-010
  • MDX-CTLA4
  • Yervoy
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To identify the starting dose of ipilimumab, in combination with standard cetuximab-IMRT in patients with high- or intermediate-risk, locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), for use in a future clinical efficacy trial.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the clinical response of patients with high- or intermediate-risk, locally advanced HNSCC treated with above regimen using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria.

II. To estimate the 2-year progression-free survival of patients with high- or intermediate-risk, locally advanced HNSCC treated with the above regimen.

III. To investigate serum, lymphocyte and tissue biomarkers as predictors of progression-free survival, toxicity and other outcome parameters in patients with high- or intermediate-risk, locally advanced HNSCC treated with above regimen.

IV. To estimate the association by dose-response modeling between dose of ipilimumab, clinical response and biomarkers.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of ipilimumab.

Patients receive cetuximab intravenously (IV) over 60-120 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment with cetuximab repeats every 4 weeks for 2 courses. Beginning in week 2 of course 1, patients undergo concurrent IMRT 5 days per week for 7 weeks. Beginning in week 4 (day 1 of course 2) patients also receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes once every 21 days for 3 courses. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving disease progression may undergo surgery after completion of therapy.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 12 weeks for 1 year, every 6 months for 1 year, and then every 12 months for 3 years.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage III/IVB, excluding T1N1, histologically or cytologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma or undifferentiated carcinoma of the head and neck; patients should not have distant metastasis; primary sites include: oropharynx, hypopharynx, larynx
  • Patients must have high or intermediate risk disease, defined as follows:

    • High risk: non-oropharyngeal subsite including larynx or hypopharynx (p16 status not required) or human papilloma virus (HPV)/p16- oropharynx subsite
    • Intermediate risk: HPV/p16+ oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer with: >= 10 pack (pk)-year (yr) smoking history and >= N2 nodal disease, or the presence of T4 tumor or N3 nodal disease, irrespective of smoking status
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
  • Patients should be newly diagnosed HNSCC, with no prior therapy for this disease
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status typically =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,200/mcL
  • Platelets >= 75,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin =< 2 mg/dL (=< 3 mg/dL in case of Gilbert's syndrome)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2 times institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
  • Creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Patients must have the ability to understand and to sign written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery with curative intent for HNSCC
  • Patients with a history of prior treatment with ipilimumab, anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD 1) antibody, cluster of differentiation 137 (CD137) agonist or other immune activating therapy such as anti-cluster of differentiation 40 (CD 40) antibody
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Autoimmune disease: patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, are excluded from this study, as are patients with a history of symptomatic non-gastrointestinal autoimmune disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [e.g., Wegener's granulomatosis]); central nervous system (CNS) or motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g. Guillain-Barre syndrome and myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis)
  • Patients with known immunodeficiency disorder, or presumed to be unable to respond to anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA 4) monoclonal antibody (mAb)
  • Patients with distant metastatic disease (stage IVC)
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cetuximab or ipilimumab
  • Patient is < 2 years free from a second primary malignancy unless the other malignancy is non-melanomatous skin cancer or an in-situ tumor treated with curative intent
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements; patients with chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infections are excluded
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01935921


Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert Ferris University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI)
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01935921     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2013-00807
NCI-2013-00807 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
NCI 9196
UPCI 12-084
12-084
9196 ( Other Identifier: University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) )
9196 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA047904 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: September 3, 2013
First Posted: September 5, 2013
Last Update Posted: December 12, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Cetuximab
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents