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Intramuscular Dose-Escalation Study With ETI-204 in Adult Volunteers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01932437
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 30, 2013
Results First Posted : May 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Elusys Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
This study is to evaluate the safety, local tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and immunogenicity of escalating single intramuscular (IM) doses of ETI-204 in healthy volunteers

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Inhalational Anthrax Biological: ETI-204 Other: Placebo Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Following completion of a Screening visit subjects will arrive at the clinic on Day -1. On Day 1, subjects will be randomized in a 3:1 ratio to receive an IM dose of either ETI-204 or matching placebo, respectively:

Cohort 1: 4 subjects randomized to 4 mg/kg ETI-204 or matching placebo Cohort 2: 8 subjects randomized to 8 mg/kg ETI-204 or matching placebo Cohort 3: 8 subjects randomized to 16 mg/kg ETI-204 or matching placebo Cohort 4: 8 subjects randomized to 20 mg/kg ETI-204 or matching placebo Cohort 5: 8 subjects randomized to 24 mg/kg ETI-204 or matching placebo

Study drug will be injected bilaterally into the vastus lateralis muscles, with the subject in a supine position. A separate syringe with a 21-gauge,1.5-inch needle will be used for each injection. The number of injections and injection volume will increase with increasing dose allowing for an assessment of increasing IM ETI-204 doses and the tolerability of a larger number of injections and larger injection volume.

Subjects will be pretreated with 50 mg oral diphenhydramine approximately 30 minutes prior to administration of study drug.

Subjects will be discharged from the study facility on Day 4 following completion of study assessments and will return to the study facility for additional visits on Days 7, 10, 15 (±3 days), 29 (±3 days), 43 (±3 days), and 71 (±4 days).

Decisions to dose-escalate will be made by the investigator(s) in conjunction with the sponsor and will be based solely on the available safety and local tolerability data up to and including Day 4.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Dose escalation study
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Masking Description: The investigator, clinical research unit staff, and subjects will be blinded to treatment assignment. The randomization list will be made available to the pharmacist preparing study drug.
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Single Ascending Dose Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of Single Intramuscular Doses of ETI-204 in Adult Volunteers
Actual Study Start Date : July 26, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 3, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : July 3, 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anthrax

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1

3 subjects will receive an IM dose of 4 mg/kg ETI-204, administered as two injections with a maximum volume of 2 mL at each injection site.

1 subject will receive an IM dose of ETI-204-placebo in an identical fashion.

Biological: ETI-204
monoclonal antibody
Other Name: Obiltoxaximab

Other: Placebo
Placebo for ETI-204

Experimental: Cohort 2

6 subjects will receive an IM dose of 8 mg/kg ETI-204, administered as two injections with a maximum volume of 4 mL at each injection site.

2 subjects will receive an IM dose of ETI-204-placebo in an identical fashion.

Biological: ETI-204
monoclonal antibody
Other Name: Obiltoxaximab

Other: Placebo
Placebo for ETI-204

Experimental: Cohort 3

6 subjects will receive an IM dose of 16 mg/kg ETI-204, administered at four sites, with administration of 4 mL at one site and the remaining volume given in three additional injections with a maximum volume of 4 mL at each injection site.

2 subjects will receive an IM dose of ETI-204-placebo in an identical fashion.

Biological: ETI-204
monoclonal antibody
Other Name: Obiltoxaximab

Other: Placebo
Placebo for ETI-204

Experimental: Cohort 4

6 subjects will receive an IM dose of 20 mg/kg ETI-204, administered at up to five sites, with the injection volume distributed equally between injections and a maximum volume of 4 mL per injection site.

2 subjects will receive an IM dose of ETI-204-placebo in an identical fashion.

Biological: ETI-204
monoclonal antibody
Other Name: Obiltoxaximab

Other: Placebo
Placebo for ETI-204

Experimental: Cohort 5

6 subjects will receive an IM dose of 24 mg/kg ETI-204, administered at up to six sites, with administration of 5 mL at one site and the remaining volume given in up to five additional injections distributed equally with a maximum volume of 4 mL per injection site.

2 subjects will receive an IM dose of ETI-204-placebo in an identical fashion.

Biological: ETI-204
monoclonal antibody
Other Name: Obiltoxaximab

Other: Placebo
Placebo for ETI-204




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Who Experienced Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 71 (+/- 4) days or for 30 additional days after the final study visit for subjects with ongoing adverse events at the final scheduled study visit, for each group. ]
    Safety was assessed for all subjects in the Safety Population by collecting and monitoring vital signs, clinical laboratory tests, ECGs, physical examinations, injection site assessments, skin assessments for presence/absence of rash, and adverse events (AEs).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration of ETI-204 (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose and 1.5, 4, 8, 24, 36, 48, 72 hours after the IM injection of ETI-204 on Day1, and on Days (7), 10, 15, 29, 43, and 71. A Day 7 sample was not included in the profile until the dose had escalated to 20 mg/kg. ]
    Blood samples were obtained and serum concentrations were determined for free ETI-204 using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method with an assay range of 100 ng/mL to 5000 ng/mL.

  2. Time to Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration of ETI-204 (Tmax) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose and 1.5, 4, 8, 24, 36, 48, 72 hours after the IM injection of ETI-204 on Day 1, and on Days (7), 10, 15, 29, 43, and 71. A Day 7 sample was not included in the profile until the dose had escalated to 20 mg/kg. ]
    Blood samples were obtained and serum concentrations were determined for free ETI-204 using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method with an assay range of 100 ng/mL to 5000 ng/mL.

  3. Area Under the Concentration-Time Curve From Time 0 to Time of Last Quantifiable Concentration (AUC0-last) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose and 1.5, 4, 8, 24, 36, 48, 72 hours after the IM injection of ETI-204 on Day 1, and on Days (7), 10, 15, 29, 43, and 71. A Day 7 sample was not included in the profile until the dose had escalated to 20 mg/kg. ]
    Blood samples were obtained and serum concentrations were determined for free ETI-204 using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method with an assay range of 100 ng/mL to 5000 ng/mL.

  4. Area Under the Concentration-Time Curve From Time 0 Extrapolated to Infinity (AUC0-inf) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose and 1.5, 4, 8, 24, 36, 48, 72 hours after the IM injection of ETI-204 on Day 1, and on Days (7), 10, 15, 29, 43, and 71. A Day 7 sample was not included in the profile until the dose had escalated to 20 mg/kg. ]
    Blood samples were obtained and serum concentrations were determined for free ETI-204 using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method with an assay range of 100 ng/mL to 5000 ng/mL.

  5. Half-life (t1/2) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose and 1.5, 4, 8, 24, 36, 48, 72 hours after the IM injection of ETI-204 on Day 1, and on Days (7), 10, 15, 29, 43, and 71. A Day 7 sample was not included in the profile until the dose had escalated to 20 mg/kg. ]
    Blood samples were obtained and serum concentrations were determined for free ETI-204 using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method with an assay range of 100 ng/mL to 5000 ng/mL.

  6. Apparent Clearance (CL/F) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose and 1.5, 4, 8, 24, 36, 48, 72 hours after the IM injection of ETI-204 on Day 1, and on Days (7), 10, 15, 29, 43, and 71. A Day 7 sample was not included in the profile until the dose had escalated to 20 mg/kg. ]
    Blood samples were obtained and serum concentrations were determined for free ETI-204 using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method with an assay range of 100 ng/mL to 5000 ng/mL.

  7. Number of Participants With Anti-ETI-204 Antibodies [ Time Frame: Pre-dose and on Days 10, 43, and 71 after the IM injection of ETI-204 or placebo on Day 1. ]
    Blood samples were collected and serum samples were assayed at an initial dilution of 1:10. Samples that were positive at the 1:10 dilution were serially diluted 1:2 and assayed until a negative result was attained. The titer of the most dilute sample yielding a positive result was recorded as the titer for that time point. Immunogenicity was measured by the number of participants in each study arm with anti-ETI-204 antibody values at Days 8, 43 or 71 ≥ 4-times higher than at baseline, or if the titer was negative at baseline, the post-treatment sample(s) required a titer of at least 1:20 for it to be considered positive.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Females or males ≥18 years of age;
  2. All females regardless of childbearing potential must have a negative serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) pregnancy test at Screening and Day -1;
  3. Females of childbearing potential (i.e., not postmenopausal or surgically sterile) must agree to practice abstinence or to use a medically accepted method of contraception from the time of Screening through 30 days after the final study visit. Acceptable methods of contraception include diaphragm/cervical cap with spermicide; sponge with spermicide; condom with spermicide; or intrauterine device with condom or spermicide. The following contraceptive methods are acceptable only when used with a condom and spermicide: birth control pills, birth control patches, vaginal ring, hormone under the skin, or hormone injections;
  4. Postmenopausal females, defined as females who have had amenorrhea for at least 12 months either naturally or following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, and have a follicle stimulating hormone level of >40 mIU/mL at Screening;
  5. Females who have undergone surgical sterilization, including hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, tubal ligation, or tubal essure;
  6. Males must agree to practice abstinence or use a condom with spermicide and to refrain from sperm donation from Screening during the study and for 30 days after the final study visit;
  7. Provide written informed consent;
  8. Willing to comply with study restrictions.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Body weight >100 kg;
  2. Body mass index ≥32 kg/m2;
  3. Pregnant or lactating female;
  4. Clinically significant comorbidity that would interfere with completion of the study procedures or objectives, or compromise the subject's safety;
  5. Supine systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥150 mmHg or ≤90 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥95 mmHg;
  6. Use of H1 receptor antagonists (i.e., antihistamines) within 5 days prior to Day 1;
  7. Evidence of drug or alcohol abuse within 6 months of Day 1 as determined by the Investigator;
  8. Positive test result for drugs of abuse (with the exception of medically prescribed drugs) at Screening or on Day -1;
  9. Positive test for alcohol at Screening, subject to Investigator's discretion. Subjects who test positive for alcohol at Day -1 are excluded from the study;
  10. Treatment with an investigational agent within 30 days or 5 half-lives of the investigational agent at Day 1 (whichever is longer);
  11. Congenital or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome;
  12. Prior solid organ or bone marrow transplant;
  13. Positive test for Hepatitis B (surface antigen), Hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at Screening;
  14. History of prior treatment for anthrax exposure or prior anthrax infection;
  15. Prior immunization with any approved or investigational anthrax vaccine or prior treatment with an investigational anthrax treatment (e.g., ETI-204, raxibacumab, or anthrax immune globulin);
  16. Military personnel deployed in 1990 or after, unless the subject can provide documentation demonstrating he or she has not previously received any approved or investigational anthrax vaccine;
  17. Use of systemic steroids, immunosuppressive agents, anticoagulants, or anti-arrhythmics within 1 year prior to Day 1. A single short course (i.e., less than 14 days) of systemic steroid therapy is allowed, provided it concluded more than 6 months prior to Day 1;
  18. Donation or loss of >500 mL of blood within 30 days or plasma within 7 days of Day 1;
  19. Prior stroke, epilepsy, relapsing or degenerative central nervous system disease, or relapsing or degenerative ocular disease;
  20. Myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome in the past 5 years, active angina pectoris, or heart failure (New York Heart Association scale >1);
  21. History of chronic liver disease;
  22. Calculated creatinine clearance of <30 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation;
  23. Any clinically significant abnormality, in the Investigator's opinion, on electrocardiogram (ECG) or clinical laboratory tests (hematology, clinical chemistry, or urinalysis) at Screening. Out of range tests may be repeated to confirm;
  24. History of allergic or hypersensitivity reaction or hives to other therapeutic antibodies or immunoglobulins;
  25. History of any malignant neoplasm within the last 5 years, with the exception of adequately treated localized or in situ non-melanoma carcinoma of the skin (e.g., basal cell carcinoma) or the cervix;
  26. Subjects who, in the opinion of the Investigator, are not suitable candidates for enrollment or who may not comply with the requirements of the study.
  27. Platelet count <140 K/µL;
  28. Prothrombin time/international normalized ratio or activated partial thromboplastin time >1.2 X the upper limit of normal at Screening or Day -1;
  29. Poor muscle mass as determined by the Investigator;
  30. Family or personal history of a bleeding disorder;
  31. History of unexplained bleeding;
  32. Use of any anticoagulant or anti-platelet drug for 3 months prior to Screening. At the discretion of the Investigator, daily aspirin may be taken for general health reasons.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01932437


Locations
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United States, Texas
Covance Clinical Research Unit Inc.
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75247
Sponsors and Collaborators
Elusys Therapeutics
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alex King, MD Covance Clinical Research Unit

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Responsible Party: Elusys Therapeutics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01932437     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AH106
First Posted: August 30, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 1, 2019
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Keywords provided by Elusys Therapeutics:
Monoclonal antibody, ETI-204, IM, safety, PK, immunogenicity
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anthrax
Bacillaceae Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antitoxins
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs