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Pemetrexed Disodium and Carboplatin or Cisplatin With or Without Erlotinib Hydrochloride in Treating Patient With Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Resistant to First-Line Therapy With Erlotinib Hydrochloride or Gefitinib

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01928160
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (study not accruing)
First Posted : August 23, 2013
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2015
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Leora Horn, MD, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase II trial studies how well pemetrexed disodium and carboplatin or cisplatin with or without erlotinib hydrochloride work in treating patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant positive stage IV non-small cell lung cancer and acquired resistance to first-line therapy with erlotinib hydrochloride or gefitinib. In patients that develop resistance to first-line therapy with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) the drug is usually stopped and the patient is switched to chemotherapy. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as pemetrexed disodium, carboplatin, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Erlotinib hydrochloride may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether pemetrexed disodium and carboplatin or cisplatin is more effective with or without erlotinib hydrochloride in treating patients with EGFR mutant non-small cell lung cancer and acquired resistance to EGFR TKIs.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Stage IV Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: pemetrexed disodium Drug: carboplatin Drug: cisplatin Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the effects of chemotherapy plus erlotinib (erlotinib hydrochloride) vs. chemotherapy alone on progression-free survival (PFS) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring activating endothelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations who developed acquired resistance to first-line therapy with erlotinib or gefitinib.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the overall survival (OS) and response rate in this patient population.

II. To assess the safety of erlotinib in combination with chemotherapy in this patient population.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether presence of the T790M resistance mutation can be used to predict which patients will benefit from the addition of erlotinib to chemotherapy.

II. To determine if patients with NSCLC harboring activating EGFR mutations who develop acquired resistance to EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs) develop additional mutations/genetic alterations on progression.

III. To determine whether any additional biomarkers (e.g., mesenchymal-epithelial transition [MET] amplification, EGFR mutations detected in circulating free deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]) predict response to second-line therapy in this patient population.

IV. To determine progression-free survival (PFS) in patients on the chemotherapy alone arm who crossed over to erlotinib after progression as compared to patients on the combination chemotherapy arm (erlotinib plus chemotherapy) who switched to chemotherapy of choice (without erlotinib) after progression.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive erlotinib hydrochloride orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21, pemetrexed disodium intravenously (IV) and carboplatin IV or cisplatin IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses. Patients then receive maintenance erlotinib hydrochloride orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21 and pemetrexed disodium IV on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive pemetrexed disodium and carboplatin or cisplatin as in Arm I. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses. Patients then receive maintenance pemetrexed disodium as in Arm I. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed until death.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Open-Label Phase II Trial of Pemetrexed and a Platinum (Carboplatin or Cisplatin) With or Without Erlotinib in Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Harboring Activating Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutations and Acquired Resistance to First-Line EGFR TKIs, Erlotinib or Gefitinib
Study Start Date : June 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (chemotherapy, erlotinib hydrochloride)
Patients receive erlotinib hydrochloride PO QD on days 1-21, pemetrexed disodium IV and carboplatin IV or cisplatin IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses. Patients then receive maintenance erlotinib hydrochloride PO QD on days 1-21 and pemetrexed disodium IV on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: pemetrexed disodium
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ALIMTA
  • LY231514
  • MTA

Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin

Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CACP
  • CDDP
  • CPDD
  • DDP

Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CP-358,774
  • erlotinib
  • OSI-774

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Experimental: Arm II (chemotherapy)
Patients receive pemetrexed disodium and carboplatin or cisplatin as in Arm I. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses. Patients then receive maintenance pemetrexed disodium as in Arm I. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: pemetrexed disodium
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ALIMTA
  • LY231514
  • MTA

Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin

Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CACP
  • CDDP
  • CPDD
  • DDP

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival using the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 [ Time Frame: From randomization to the first occurrence of disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs earlier, assessed up to 1 year ]
    The Kaplan-Meier approach will be used to estimate the time-to-PFS distribution (and median PFS times) for each treatment arm. The stratified log-rank test will be used to compare the PFS distributions between the two treatment arms. The stratified Cox-regression model will be used to estimate the hazard ratio (erlotinib plus chemotherapy vs chemotherapy alone) and corresponding 80% confidence interval (CI).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the date of death from any cause, assessed up to 1 year ]
    The Kaplan-Meier approach will be used. The stratified log-rank test will be used to compare the Overall Survival (OS) distributions between the two treatment arms. The stratified Cox-regression model will be used to estimate the hazard ratio (erlotinib plus chemotherapy vs chemotherapy alone) and corresponding 80% confidence interval (CI).

  2. Objective response rate defined as partial response (PR) and complete response (CR) using RECIST version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    An estimate of the objective response rate and its 95% CI (Blyth-Still-Casella) will be calculated for each treatment arm. The Mantel-Haenszel chi-squared test stratified according to the factors specified by EGFR activating mutation type (exon 19 deletion vs. exon 21 single point mutation), time to progression on first-line EGFR TKI (≤ 1 year vs. > 1 year), and ECOG performance status (0 vs. 1) will be used to compare the response rates between the two treatment arms. An unadjusted Fisher's exact test result will also be provided.

  3. Number of patients with each worst grade toxicity grades 3-5 based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4 [ Time Frame: Up to 45 days post-treatment ]
    Safety will be assessed through summaries of Adverse Events (AEs), Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), deaths, grade 3 or 4 AEs, AEs with incidence rates greater than 10% (all grades), AE of grade 3 or 4 with incidence rates greater 2%, and changes in laboratory test results. Verbatim descriptions of AEs will be mapped to Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) thesaurus terms



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed informed consent prior to initiation of any study-specific procedure or treatment. Informed Consent Form must be signed within 14 days of study treatment initiation.
  • Age > 18 years
  • Able and willing to comply with the protocol
  • Histologically- or cytologically-confirmed Stage IV NSCLC with an EGFR exon-19 deletion or L858R mutation
  • Must have received at least 6 months of first-line therapy with erlotinib or gefitinib
  • Clinical evidence of progression on first-line EGFR TKI therapy
  • Adequate hematological function within 7 days of study treatment initiation:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1.5 x 109/L AND
    2. Platelet count > 100 x 109/L AND
    3. Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL (may be transfused to maintain or exceed this level)
  • Adequate liver function within 7 days of study treatment initiation:

    1. Total bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) AND
    2. AST and ALT < 2.5 x ULN in patients without liver metastases; < 5 x ULN in patients with liver metastases
  • Adequate renal function within 7 days of study treatment initiation:

    a. Serum creatinine < 1.25 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min (Creatinine clearance may be calculated per institutional standards.)

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 within 7 days of study treatment initiation
  • Patients with stable, treated brain metastases are eligible for study participation and may be on a stable dose of steroids at screening. Anticonvulsants (at stable dose) are allowed. Radiotherapy and stereotactic radiosurgery to the brain must be completed at least 28 days prior to randomization
  • Female patients must not be pregnant or breast-feeding. Female patients with childbearing potential should agree to use effective, non-hormonal means of contraception (intrauterine contraceptive device, barrier method of contraception in conjunction with spermicidal jelly or surgically sterile) during the study and for a period of at least 6 months following the last administration of study drugs. Female patients with an intact uterus (unless amenorrhoeic for the last 12 months) must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to randomization into the study.
  • Fertile male patients must agree to use effective contraception during the study and for a period of at least 3 months following the last administration of study drugs

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any other prior treatment for metastatic NSCLC other than erlotinib or gefitinib. Prior adjuvant chemotherapy or concurrent chemo-radiation therapy is allowed if completed at least 12 months prior to trial enrollment
  • Radiotherapy to the brain within 28 days prior to randomization, or radiotherapy to any other site up to 14 days prior to randomization
  • Clinically significant (i.e., active) cardiovascular disease (e.g., cerebrovascular accident or myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to randomization), unstable angina, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class > II), or serious cardiac arrhythmia, that is uncontrolled by medication or may interfere with administration of study treatment
  • Treatment with any other investigational agent or participation in another clinical trial that combines erlotinib with a second therapy unless the patient was on placebo.
  • Malignancies other than NSCLC within 3 years prior to randomization, except for adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, localized prostate cancer treated with radiation or surgically with curative intent, and ductal carcinoma in situ treated surgically with curative intent
  • Evidence of any other disease, neurological or metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding or laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or puts the patient at high risk for treatment-related complications

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01928160


Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Leora Horn Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Leora Horn, MD, Principal InvestigatorAssistant Professor of Medicine; Assistant Director, Educator Development Program; Clinical Director, Thoracic Oncology Program; Medical Oncologist, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01928160     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VICC THN 1303
NCI-2013-01385 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
VICC THN 1303 ( Other Identifier: Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center )
P30CA068485 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 23, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 13, 2015
Last Verified: June 2015

Keywords provided by Leora Horn, MD, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center:
Non-small cell lung cancer, EGFR mutation, erlotinib acquired resistance

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Cisplatin
Carboplatin
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Pemetrexed
Gefitinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors