LIVER FIBROSIS PREVALENCE IN FRANCE (FIBROFRANCE)
"Mortality related to complications of cirrhosis, (hemorrhage, hepatic insufficiency and primary liver cancer) is 15,000 per year in France. These mortality increases, despite that advanced fibrosis can be identified by non-invasive biomarkers and treated, more than 10 years before the onset of complications and cancer. The main goals of the FIBROFRANCE project which started in 1997 (initially called the MULTIVIRC group) were to demonstrate the performance of serum biomarkers in the more frequent chronic liver diseases, to estimate the dynamic of fibrosis progression and finally to demonstrate the feasibility of the fibrosis screening in French people.
The different cohorts of the FIBROFRANCE (HCV, HBV, ALD, NAFLD) permitted many publications among the 186 publications of our group since 1986 in the field of liver fibrosis. These publications included discovery and validation of non-invasive biomarkers (Poynard Gastroenterology 1997, Imbert-Bismut Lancet 2001, Poynard BMC Gastro 2007), modelling fibrosis progression or regression (Poynard Lancet 1997, Poynard Gastroenterology 2002, Poynard J Hepatol 2003) and fibrosis screening (Ratziu APT 2007, Jacqueminet Clin Gastrenterol Hepatol 2008). This research was conducted in Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital for the biochemical and clinical part in connection with national and international networks. Several panels have been identified and the most predictive FibroTest has been patented (US Patent Office 6.631.330) and launched in 2002. This is the first fibrosis biomarker available worldwide (50 countries including USA as FibroSURE) with more than 1 million prescriptions between 2002-2013. FibroTest, has been validated first in hepatitis C and then in hepatitis B alcoholic liver disease and metabolic syndrome. Therefore it is now possible to screen advanced fibrosis in the 4 most frequent liver diseases: alcohol, hepatitis C and B, and metabolic syndrome (diabetes, overweight, and hyperlipemia). For all the patients detected there are therapeutic options to cure the fibrosis or to reduce the progression to cirrhosis and cancer.
FibroTest has been recommended as alternative to biopsy in several guidelines (AFEF, APASL, EASL and CASLD) and more recently in US overview (Chou Annals 2013). It reimbursed in France in chronic hepatitis C. Several factors of fibrosis progression can be present in the same subject, i.e. an overweight and an excessive alcohol consumption. Therefore no realistic screenng strategy can be conducted without taking into account the Interdependence of the different risk factors. Three biomarkers of fibrosis-associated liver injuries have been developed and validated in FIBROFRANCE cohorts: SteatoTest for steatosis (Poynard Comp Hepatol 2005), NashTest for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (Poynard EASL 2006), and AshTest for alcoholic steatohepatitis (Naveau J Hepatol 2006). For this purpose different cohorts already used for diagnostic validation will be followed at long term for prognostic validations: FIBROFRANCE-ALD (Naveau Hepatology 2010), FIBROFRANCE-NAFLD including dyslipidemia cohort (Ratziu APT 2007) and diabetes cohort (Jacqueminet Clin Gastrenterol Hepatol 2008). These cohorts will allow assessing the prevalence of fibrosis and the specific risks of fibrosis progression imputable to steatosis and steatohepatitis.
Liver Fibrosis Progression in Chronic Liver Disease
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
- Fibrosis progression rate [ Time Frame: From first biomarker date to first clinical event ]At least one year follow up for fibrosis progression rate.
- Overall survival, survival without related complications [ Time Frame: From first biomarker date to first clinical event ]For Mortality and Morbidity one assessment at five years and one assessment at 10 years.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||January 1997|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2020|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2020 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Show Detailed Description
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01927133
|Contact: Thierry POYNARD||00 33 1 42 16 10 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Vlad RATZIU||00 33 1 42 16 10 email@example.com|